He said lack of access to health services, malnutrition and neglected tropical diseases put severe constraints on the country.
Kovind was addressing a gathering on the occasion of the golden jubilee celebrations of the Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences (MGIMS) here.
"As a country with 18 per cent of world population, we carry 20 per cent of the prevalence of global diseases. We are challenged by the triple burden of communicable, non-communicable and new and emerging diseases," the President said.
"Health remains a key development challenge for India. Lack of access to health services, malnutrition and neglected tropical diseases place severe constraints on us. Our government remains committed to tackle these through the flagship Ayushman Bharat programme and other health missions.
"Our problems are complex and intertwined with our larger socio-economic challenges," he said.
Kovind said the institution in the last 50 years has made a stellar contribution to the nation''s progress, earning immense appreciation and respect for its academic excellence and as much for its service to people.
An institution inspired by the life and teachings of Mahatma Gandhi could have only prospered in the manner, he added.
On the occasion, he condoled the deaths of people in the devastating floods in various parts of the country, including Maharashtra.
"My prayers are with the families who lost their near and dear ones. I hope and wish that those affected are able to get back to normal life soon. I commend the services of the central government and respective state governments for bringing relief in flood-affected areas...," the President said.
Earlier, Kovind visited the Sevagram Ashram here, where Mahatma Gandhi had stayed for over a decade.
"The four walls of the humble hermitage have much to teach and inspire us. As I walked through its courtyard, my mind ran through Gandhiji''s struggles and his sacrifice, trying to fathom how much we as a nation owe him. Sevagram Ashram was the centre of many of his experiments with satya, ahimsa and emancipation of humanity," he said.
"The place has a deep imprint of his attachment to cleanliness and health. He began his leprosy programme at the ashram," the President said.
"It was here that he pioneered community work on sanitation, an idea that continues to inspire us as we work for Swachh Bharat and for open defecation free India," Kovind added.
Sevagram, Wardha and Vidarbha have had a glorious past. It was in these surroundings that Acharya Vinoba Bhave ignited his Bhoodan Andolan. And not far from here, Baba Amte anchored his social reform movement to provide care to leprosy patients and hope to the underprivileged, he said.
"You have taken this rich legacy of service and social justice to greater heights. This medical college has many credits to itself...It is the first medical college to be established in rural India and as such marks a place for itself in the annals of India''s development history.
"Mahatma Gandhi believed in nature cure for healthy living. In your efforts to integrate health and community, you must also pay heed to alternative therapies enriched by nature and traditional knowledge, and more so, since you serve the rural people who are culturally attuned to such practices," he said.
The President urged the faculty members and students to intensify their engagement with the World Health Organisation and other international agencies so that they can draw upon a large pool of knowledge and experience.
"As you have contributed to sharing knowledge with the global community, so have we as a country. In Africa, we have taken the lead to offer tele-medicine courses to doctors and paramedics through our E-Arogyabharati programme. India today is considered the pharmacy of the world. Our affordable and high quality drugs are bringing hope and joy to many," Kovind said.
"Our efforts to share the fruits of science and technology will go a long way in countries meeting sustainable development goals agreed at the United Nations by the global fraternity," he said. MR NP AQS
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