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Coal India slapped Rs 43.25 cr fine for illegal mining in Assam forest

Coal India slapped Rs 43.25 cr fine for illegal mining in Assam forest
outlookindia.com
1970-01-01T05:30:00+0530
Dibrugarh/Guwahati, May 6 (PTI) The Assam forest

department has slapped a penalty of Rs 43.25 crore on PSU

major Coal India Ltd for carrying out "illegal mining" inside

a reserve forest for 16 years from 2003, officials said on

Wednesday.

The forest department has also filed an FIR at the

Sub-Divisional Chief Judicial Magistrate''s Court in Margherita

in Tinsukia district against officials responsible for the

alleged illegal activity in around 73 hectares of land inside

the Dehing Patkai Elephant Reserve forest between 2003 and

2019.

Accepting that the mining was going on since 2003

without a renewed lease, the North Eastern Coalfields, a unit

of the Maharatna PSU, claimed that it had applied for renewal

of the lease when the agreement had expired, but the Assam

government did not act upon it for a "long time".

Taking up the issue at its latest meeting last month,

the Standing Committee of the National Board of Wildlife

(NBWL), under the Union Ministry of Environment, Forest

and Climate Change, refused to accord permission to the

miner to commence operations unless it fulfils a set of 28

conditions, including payment of the penalty amount.

A campaign with hashtag "#SaveAmazonOfEast from Coal

Mafias" has also gathered steam on social media, with leading

environmentalists, activists, teachers and students demanding

a complete ban on mining inside the Dehing Patkai Elephant

Reserve, which is straddles Dibrugarh and Tinsukia districts.

"From 2003 to the first half of 2019, mining activity

was going on without any clearance certificate. A mining lease

was given to CIL in 1973 for 30 years. After its expiry, CIL

was supposed to apply for forest clearance but they applied

only in 2012," a senior forest department official told PTI.

The mining was going on using all equipment with

forest areas being opened up by cutting some trees, he said.

After the Forest Conservation Act, 1980, came into

force in 2003, any activity for non-forest purposes in a

protected area requires prior approval from the central

government.

"No clearance was given by the central government

under the FC Act. Any mining activity inside a forest can take

place only after the final nod, which is Stage-II, not the

Stage-I, that is in-principle approval. CIL did not get even

the Stage-I clearance at that time," the official said.

The department had sought clarification from the

company about this issue in July 2019, and its officials had

also seized 5,297 cubic metres of coal lying at the Ledo

railway yard in October last year, he said.

"CIL had applied for clearance of 98.59 hectares. Out

of which, 73 hectares they had already broken. Initially, it

was 57.2 hectares, but finally we found that the figure was 73

hectares. It was a clear violation of forest laws," the

official said.

The DFO was asked to file an FIR against CIL general

manager concerned and others, and it was done in a Margherita

court in December 2019, he said.

Meanwhile, the Stage-I clearance was given to CIL for

57.20 hectares in December 2019 with 28 conditions, including

payment of fine and action against officers responsible for

violating the FC Act, he said.

"The Centre clearly said that the Stage-II clearance,

which allows starting of mining work, will be given only after

fulfilment of these conditions. Accordingly, the DFO has

placed a demand note of Rs 43.25 crore to CIL in April 2020,"

the official said.

He, however, claimed that the company is yet to

initiate any action regarding payment of the penalty amount.

The government has asked the Additional Principal

Chief Conservator of Forest to draft charges against DFOs and

Range Officers concerned since 2003 onwards for initiating

departmental disciplinary action against them, he said.

The state government has also been requested by the

Centre to approach the Coal Ministry for asking it to take

disciplinary action against the errant CIL officials.

The NBWL, at the 57th Meeting of the Standing

Committee, recommended that cautious approach should be

adopted in the light of the rich biodiversity of the area in

Saleki, a proposed reserve forest, which is a part of the

Dehing Patkai Elephant Reserve.

Citing a report of the committee comprising NBWL

member Prof R Sukumar, representative from the Wildlife

Division and the State Chief Wildlife Warden, the minutes of

the meeting stated that it would be prudent to preserve the

basic integrity of the forested hill slope.

"The proposed area is on a steep hill slope that is

part of the Dehing Patkai Elephant Reserve, adjoining good

forest area in the neighbouring state of Arunachal Pradesh,

which includes Deomali Elephant Reserve with a sizeable

population of elephants," it added.

Declining to give permission to begin coal mining

immediately, the Standing Committee asked the CIL to submit

two sets of documents of "the broken up and unbroken areas" of

the forest for further consideration.

When contacted, North Eastern Coalfields General

Manager J K Borah said the company had an old lease till 2003

and it was not covered under the FC Act.

"After 2003, the NEC and CIL management had applied

for approval from the Assam government. But the state

government did not act upon that till 2013, and probably there

was no follow-up from the NEC also," he said.

Borah said that coal mining in the Tikok area was

going on for over 130 years since 1884 and that the 98.59

hectares within the minefield did not require any forest

clearance till 2003.

Asked why the company started mining inside the forest

in 2003 without the necessary approvals, he said, "The work

was going on because it was a continuous mine and it was

anticipated that permission would be given. Till 2012, only 57

hectares were broken.

"We had applied in 2003 for forest clearance for 98.59

hectares as a project. It was not done till 2012. Then, we

have further applied. In 2013, the Forest Advisory Committee

recommended work with certain conditions, including some to

be fulfilled by the Assam government."

The NEC official alleged that the Assam government had

"delayed the process" and the company had to follow it up

again in 2019 to expedite the grant of permission.

"The state gave clearance with certain conditions and

forwarded it to the NBWL which has given us the permission in

the broken area only. In the rest of the area, a feasibility

report has been sought on the possibility of underground

mining," he said.

Borah also claimed that the elephant corridor is

almost 20-25 km away from the project site.

"We are regularising the area, which has already been

broken. The land was part of our lease land. Except this area,

the rest of our mining area falls outside the forest area. At

present, no mining is going on in the entire area," he added.

PTI TR COR BDC

SK SK


Disclaimer :- This story has not been edited by Outlook staff and is auto-generated from news agency feeds. Source: PTI

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