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Jagdish Tytler

Congress leader Jagdish Tytler talks with media during party president Rahul Gandhi's nationwide daylong fast against caste violence, communalism and the non-functioning of Parliament at Rajghat, in New Delhi.

PTI Photo by Kamal Kishore

Sikhs stomp and beat placards with torn photographs of Congress leaders Sajjan Kumar and Jagdish Tytler during a protest to demand justice for the victims of 1984 massacre of Sikhs following the assassination of Indira Gandhi, the then Prime Minister of India, in New Delhi.

AP Photo/ Altaf Qadri

Senior Congress leader Jagdish Tytler coming out of after appearing at Patiala Court in connection with a defamation case, in New Delhi.

PTI Photo/Shahbaz Khan

Former MP Jagdish Tytler pays floral tribute to former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi on latter's 93rd birth anniversary, at Shakti Sthal in New Delhi.

PTI Photo/ Kamal Kishore

Sandeep Adhwaryu

Relatives of victims of 1984 Anti-Sikh riots protest against Congress leaders Sajjan Kumar and Jagdish Tytler, outside the Karkardoom Court in New Delhi.

PTI Photo

Victims of 1984 anti-Sikh riots protest against Jagdish Tytler and Sajjan Kumar outside Karkardooma Court in East Delhi.

PTI Photo

Jarnail Singh
Chidambaram ducked, but Sajjan Kumar and Jagdish Tytler could not.

Jagdish Tytler seen after he was granted bail by a Delhi court in a case of making alleged derogatory remarks against, Harvinder Singh Phoolka, the lawyer of 1984 anti-Sikh riots victims, in TV news programmes. Phoolka had in 2004 filed a case at the Ludhiana court against Tytler accusing him of making defamatory remarks in programmes telecast on a private news channel on September 7 in the same year.

PTI Photo/Vijay Kumar Joshi

Flames rise from a tyre set afire by Sikh activists protesting against Congress party leader Jagdish Tytler and the CBI, on the outskirts of Jammu. Sikhs protested against the CBI’s findings that cleared Tytler of involvement in the 1984 riots that left 3,000 dead. Tytler who was a Congress party candidate for the upcoming elections, decided not to contest.

AP Photo/Channi Anand

Protestors shout slogans as they burn an effigy representing Congress party leader Jagdish Tytler and Sajjan Kumar outside a court in New Delhi.

AP Photo/Mustafa Quraishi

Shooed Out. Congress party leader Jagdish Tytler reacts as he holds a press conference to announce his decision to not contest in the upcoming elections in New Delhi. There have been huge protests from the Sikh community, the latest being a shoe thrown at the Home Minister P Chidambaram by a Sikh journalist, after Congress party fielded Tytler and Sajjan Kumar as candidates. Both Tytler and Kumar are accused of their alleged role in the 1984 riots that left more than 3,000 people dead, after former PM Indira Gandhi's assasination.

AP Photo/Saurabh Das

Activists of Sikh Student Federation protest against Congress leaders Jagdish Tytler and Sajjan Kumar, at Amritsar-Delhi rail track, in Amritsar.

PTI Photo

Sikhs in Punjab protesting against CBI's clean chit to senior Congress leader Jagdish Tytler, an accused in the 1984 anti-Sikh riots, that left more than 3,000 people dead. Members of radical Sikh organisations have blocked rail traffic in several places.

AP Photo/Mustafa Quraishi

Union Home Minister P Chidambaram escaped as a journalist Jarnail Singh hurled a shoe at him during a press conference at AICC headquarters in New Delhi. The journalist was protesting against Mr Chidambaram's "clean-chit" to Mr Jagdish Tytler, a 1984 accused. Postscript: The shoe may have missed its mark physically, but it did hit home as the incident forced the Congress to drop two of the 1984 accused, Jagdish Tytler and Sajjan Kumar from contesting Lok Sabha elections

PTI/ Courtesy NDTV

Victims of the 1984 anti-Sikh riots protest against Congress leaders Jagdish Tytler and Sajjan Kumar outside Karkardooma Court in New Delhi. The CBI gave Tytler a clean chit, saying that it had found no evidence against the former Union Minister in a 1984 anti-Sikh riots case and that the statements of two of the witnesses were "inconsistent, unreliable and unworthy of credit".

PTI Photo

Congress party leaders and candidates for the forthcoming general elections, Jagdish Tytler, left, and Sajjan Kumar, center, sit with Delhi state chief minister Sheila Dikshit at an interaction with media, in New Delhi.

AP Photo/Manish Swarup

Monday 8 August Over 20 years after nearly 3,000 Sikhs were killed in Delhi after the assassination of then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, the Nanavati Commission on 1984 riots was finally tabled in Parliament. The report says there is "credible evidence" against now Union Minister Jagdish Tytler and that he "very probably" had a hand in organising attacks on Sikhs and recommended the government to take further action as may be found necessary. The Commission, in its report tabled in both Houses of Parliament along with the government's Action [NOT -- ed] Taken Report (ATR), also noted that "there is credible material" against Congress leaders Sajjan Kumar (now MP) and Balwan Khokhar that they were "probably involved as alleged by witnesses" . But significantly, the report gives the central government headed by then Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi a clean chit. The one- man Justice G.T. Nanavati Commission was constituted by the previous NDA government in 1999 and had submitted its 339-page report to the government of 9 February this year. The report was finally tabled on the last day of the expiry of the six-month deadline for its presentation in Parliament.

File

Wednesday 10 AugustFirst came the Congress's pathetic No Action Taken Report six months after the Nanavati Commission of Inquiry had submitted its report to the home minister. The Congress thought it would brazen it out, and Jagdish Tytler epitomised the tendency with his protestations of innocence. And it wasn't just national outrage, but the arm-twisting by the Left that made the PM intervene first in the Lok Sabha (which led to the resignation by Jagdish Tytler and Sajjan Kumar) and then in the Rajya Sabha with an emotive apology and a promise that "wherever the Commission has named any specific individuals as needing further examination or specific cases needing re-opening and re-examination, the government will take all possible steps to do so within the ambit of law". The Congress of course tried making a virtue out of its necessity and was shameless enough to crow about having got a clean-chit. The PM did go a step further in Rajya Sabha, a day later, to say that he bowed his head in shame and now we perhaps have to wait if the deeds match up to the promises made.

Saturday 20 AugustBJP President L.K.Advani and Gujarat CM Narendra Modi raise swords during a public meeting in Ahmedabad. In a blow to dissidents in Gujarat who have been clamouring for a change of guard in the state, Advani openly praised the functioning of the Narendra Modi government and applauded its honesty and effectiveness. Earlier in the day, veteran party leader Madan Lal Khurana was suspended for six years on the charge of "gross indiscipline" after he repeatedly attacked Advani and topped it with his demand for removal of Modi to "clear the taint" of the post-Godhra riots. The provocation for the disciplinary action came soon after the former Delhi Chief Minister shot off a letter to Advani ("leaked" to the media even before it reached the party president) citing Prime Minister Manmohan Singh's apology for the 1984 anti-Sikh riots and removal of Jagdish Tytler from the Union Cabinet and demanding a similar course in Gujarat.

AP Photo/Ajit Solanki

And here is a man who still hasn't been brought to justice. After sustained media pressure and exposure, a Delhi Court directed the CBI to reinvestigate Jagdish Tytler's involvement in anti-Sikh riots in 1984 after a witness surfaced in the US. The CBI had sought closure of the case. The year also saw a detailed new book on how in this case the the justice has been subverted by the powers that be. Also See: The 1984 Carnage

'This was something I have only two words for Justice G.T. Nanavati's inquiry report on the butchery of Sikhs 21 years ago: utter garbage.' So said Khushwant Singh. But the outrage was over the fact that the government had not only sat on the report for full six months before finally putting it up in Parliament on the last permissible day, the little that the report had asked for was sought to be swept under the carpet. The report said clearly that there was "credible evidence" against Jagdish Tytler, but the government's (not) Action Taken Report fudged the issue by brazenly saying, "In criminal cases, a person cannot be prosecuted simply on the basis of probability". There was instant shock and public rage, which continues to simmer despite the PM stepping in, saying he was forced to "bow his head in shame" and that he had "no hesitation in apologising not only to the Sikh community but the whole Indian nation because what took place in 1984 is the negation of the concept of nationhood and what enshrined in our Constitution." Indeed. But the promised action is still awaited.

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