Compassionate Capitalism: The Future Of Business

Compassionate capitalism can redefine the role of business in society

Groom ’em Young: Students at the Management Development Institute, Gurugram

Compassion and capitalism, two words that till a decade ago, one would’ve thought would be unlikely to appear in the same sentence. Yet, here we are, in this post-COVID reality, talking about just them.

In the realm of MBA education, where future business leaders are groomed to excel in the corporate world, a subtle yet profound transformation is underway. The traditional approach to business education, so often synonymous with unbridled capitalism, is giving way to a more nuanced and compassionate perspective. MBA students are increasingly being encouraged not merely to chase profits, but also to recognise the human side of doing business; to understand the impact of their actions on society, and to support startups that genuinely address real human problems. This shift in paradigm is fostering a new breed of business leaders, who we now call “compassionate capitalists”.

Capitalism, as an economic and business ideology, has been the driving force behind tremendous innovation, economic growth and prosperity over the years. However, it’s essential to recognise that, like any tool that wields power, capitalism too is corruptible. It can, and quite often does, have a dark side. The unrestrained pursuit of profit, without consideration for the consequences, can lead to exploitation, inequality, environmental degradation, and ethical dilemmas. It’s a path that values short-term gains over long-term sustainability and social well-being.

MBA education, which traditionally focused on profit maximisation and shareholder value, is evolving to address these challenges. Leading business schools are redefining their curricula to emphasise a broader perspective that includes ethics, sustainability, social responsibility and empathy. The idea is not to abandon capitalism, but to humanise it instead, to ensure that profit and purpose can coexist harmoniously.

This shift in focus has become essential because, ultimately, the products and services created by businesses are meant to serve humanity. Business cannot be solely about profits; it’s about meeting the needs of people, solving their problems and making the world a better place. Whether it is healthcare, technology or consumer goods, the true measure of a business’ success lies in how well it enriches the lives of people and contributes to the welfare of society.

The Rise of Compassionate Capitalists

Compassionate capitalists are the embodi­ment of this evolving philo­sophy. They understand that while profit is crucial for the sustainability of a business, it’s equally important to consider the broader impact of their decisions. These leaders recognise that businesses have a role to play in add­ressing societal challenges, from climate change to poverty alleviation, and they actively work towards these goals.

Compassionate capitalists are discerning investors who support startups that address genuine human problems. They look beyond the glamour of quick returns and invest in ventures that have a positive societal impact. Such startups often succeed not only in financial terms, but also in creating a meaningful difference in people’s lives.

Business schools are at the forefront of this transformation. They are responsible for shaping the mindset of future business leaders. The new curricula incorporate courses on corporate social responsibility, ethics and sustainable business practices. Case studies include not only success stories, but also instances of ethical dilemmas and failures, offering valuable lessons on what not to do.

Business schools have regularly invited social entrepreneurs, environmentalists and thought leaders who advocate compassionate capitalism to share their experiences and insights with students. This practice has become even more common now. These interactions inspire young minds to consider the broader implications of their actions and the responsibilities they carry as future business leaders.
One of the most significant trends in this evolution is the emergence of social entrepreneurship. Social entrepreneurs are individuals who leverage business principles to solve societal problems. They prioritise both profit and impact, viewing them as interconnected rather than contradictory.

Understanding the dark side of capitalism is an essential step in nurturing compassionate capitalists.

Business schools are increasingly supporting and nurturing social entrepreneurs. They offer resources, mentorship, and funding opportunities to students who aspire to create businesses with a dual mission—financial sustainability and societal betterment. These initiatives not only encourage compassionate capitalism, but also exemplify its potential.

Simultaneously, MBA programmes are encouraging students to delve into the complexities of capitalism, to explore the consequences of unchecked corporate greed and discuss the role of businesses in conflict zones, often referred to as “war is business”. This stark reality is a reminder that capitalism, in its unchecked form, can perpetuate suffering. Understanding the dark side of capitalism is an essential step in nurturing compassionate capitalists. It encourages students to be vigilant about the ethical implications of their decisions, the supply chains of their products, and the consequences of their business operations. This awareness paves the way for a more responsible and ethical approach to doing business.

A Compassionate Leadership

Compassionate capitalists are the leaders for the future. They are guided not only by the profit motive, but also by a genuine concern for the welfare of humanity and the planet. Their leadership style embodies empathy, inclusivity and a commitment to ethical practices. These are leaders who understand that by prioritising people and the environment, they can create sustainable and resilient businesses. They actively engage in corporate social responsibility initiatives, support diversity and inclusion and strive for transparency in their operations. The evolution of MBA education towards nurturing compassionate capitalists is a significant step towards redefining the role of business in society. It’s a recognition that the pursuit of profit need not come at the expense of humanity and the planet. Instead, it can be a powerful force for positive change.


As MBA programmes continue to emphasise ethics, sustainability and social responsibility, they equip students with the tools to become leaders who balance profit with purpose. Compassionate capitalists are not just the future of business; they are the architects of a better, more humane world. In the end, they understand that business is not just about profits; it’s about the betterment of humankind.

(Views expressed are personal)

Saumya Kumar is a business leader, musician and a seasoned startup founder

(This appeared in the print as 'Compassionate Capitalism...')