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Terror Groups

Pakistani officials announce the crackdown on terror groups

Photograph by PTI

This frame grab from video provided by Ahrar al-Sham, Syrian militant group outlet that is consistent with independent AP reporting, shows fighters from Ahrar al-Sham militant group celebrate after they took some positions from the Syrian government forces, in an eastern neighborhood of Damascus, Syria.

AP/ PTI

A Pakistani volunteer and a police officer rush an injured person to a hospital in Quetta, Pakistan.

AP Photo/Arshad Butt

Afghan security forces rush to respond to a complex Taliban attack on the campus of the American University in the Afghan capital Kabul.

AP/PTI

Afghan policemen wounded in a complex Taliban attack on the campus of the American University in the Afghan capital Kabul.

AP Photo/Rahmat Gul

Pakistani religious leaders, from right Hafiz Saeed, chief of Jamaat-ud-Dawa joins hands with Sirajul Haq, center, and the leader of Hizbul Mujahideen Syed Salahuddin, left, during an anti-Indian rally in Islamabad, Pakistan.

AP Photo/B.K. Bangash

Activists of Shia National Front protest against Islamic preacher Zakir Naik in terrorism in Lucknow.

PTI Photo by Nand Kumar

Razaul Karim, right, and Hosne Ara Karim, center, whose son and daughter-in-law were rescued from the restaurant attacked by heavily armed militants, wait for them in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

AP Photo

Bangladeshi security forces block the road after militants took hostages at a restaurant popular with foreigners in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

AP Photo

In this Image made from video, an injured man is loaded onto a truck after militants took hostages at a restaurant popular with foreigners in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

AP Photo

People help an unidentified injured person after a group of gunmen attacked a restaurant popular with foreigners in a diplomatic zone of the Bangladeshi capital Dhaka, Bangladesh.

AP Photo

In this image made from video, an injured security officer, reacts as he sits in the back of a truck after a gunfight with militants who took hostages at a restaurant popular with foreigners in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

AP Photo

Bangladeshi policemen clear out an area to facilitate action against heavily armed militants who struck at the heart of Bangladesh's diplomatic zone, taking dozens of hostages at a restaurant popular with foreigners, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

An ambulance transports bodies found at a restaurant popular with foreigners after heavily armed militants attacked it in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Bangladesh security personnel stand on top of armored vehicles after militants took hostages at a restaurant popular with foreigners in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

AP Photo

Bangladeshi soldiers come out of an area housing a restaurant popular with foreigners after heavily armed militants attacked it and took dozens of hostages, in a diplomatic zone of the Bangladeshi capital Dhaka, Bangladesh.

AP Photo

A relative tries to console Bangladeshi woman Semin Rahman, center, whose son is missing after militants took hostages in a restaurant popular with foreigners in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

AP Photo

Afghan men carry a wounded man at the site of a suicide attack near a compound belonging to foreigners in Kabul, Afghanistan. Afghan troops rappelled from helicopters onto the roof of a four-story building near the Indian Consulate to drive out gunmen who had attacked the diplomatic mission the night before, officials said.

AP Photos/Massoud Hossaini

Taliban fighters are handcuffed by Afghan security forces, in Jalalabad, capital of Nangarhar province.

AP/PTI

Afghan Taliban leader Akhtar Muhammad Mansoor is seen in a photo taken in Frankfurt, Germany, in 1998. Mystery surrounds the fate of 'injured' Afghan Taliban chief.

Special Operation Group of J&K Police personnel move inside the camp which was attacked by the militants at Tangdhar in Kupwara district of north Kashmir.

PTI Photo

Police officers escort suspects in the Aug. 17 blast at Erawan Shrine, Bilal Mohammad, center front, and Mieraili Yusufu, rear center, as they arrive at a military court in Bangkok, Thailand. The military court has indicted two men police say carried out the deadly August bombing at the shrine that left 20 people dead and more than 120 injured.

AP/PTI

Killing Ground ISIS executions at the Roman amphitheatre in Palmyra

AP

‘The Caliph’ Baghdadi announces his arrival at a Mosul mosque in 2014

AFP (From Outlook Issue 30 November 2015)

The Hunt For Abaaoud French police raid the Saint-Denis suburb

AFP (From Outlook Issue 30 November 2015)

People gather outside the Bataclan theatre and other sites of the terror attacks in the 11th district of Paris on November 14, 2015, to pay respect to the victims, At least 129 people were killed and 352 others injured -- 99 of them in critical condition -- after the terror attacks in Paris

AP

18.11.2015 Backlash Paris was converted into a city at war from the night of November 13. Curfew was imposed, the army called in, elaborate manhunts launched to ferret out terrorists. In the Paris suburb of Saint-Denis, a posse of police arrest and whisk away a suspect.

AFP (From Outlook Issue 30 November 2015)

15.11.2015 No Exit Confusion and consternation seized distraught people as Paris counted its dead. Rumours sprang suddenly. At the Place de la Republique, they said it was another attack. Their nerves in tatters, people just ran.

AP

15.11.2015 No answers Defiant graffitti, messages, griefstricken farewell notes and condolences are lit up by hundreds of candles at a makeshift memorial at the Place de la Republique. For days, Parisians kept a steady vigil.

AFP (From Outlook Issue 30 November 2015)

Lens Eye: Kidnapped Brit journo John Cantlie has appeared in eight ISIS videos

Crossed Out: An ISIS video clip of Egyptian Christians being executed

Offroad, Anyone? ISIS fighters from Iraq in a propaganda video

Alamy (From Outlook Issue 30 November 2015)

Afghan and foreign soldiers inspect the site of a bomb attack that targeted several armored vehicles belonging to forces attached to the NATO Resolute Support Mission, in downtown of Kabul, Afghanistan. Gen. Abdul Rahman Rahimi, the Kabul city police chief, said that three Afghan civilians were wounded in the attack that damaged one of the vehicles but caused no fatalities.

AP Photo/Massoud Hossaini

In this image made from video, participants in a peace rally react as an explosion happens behind them, in Ankara. Two explosions targeted a peace rally by opposition supporters and Kurdish activists in Ankara, killing 86 people and wounding 186. The moment of one of the blast was caught on camera. Turkey's prime minister says the attacks likely were suicide bombings. Ahmet Davutoglu also declared a three-day official mourning period for the victims.

AP/PTI

Photographs of what appear to be ISIS gold currency coins have emerged on the internet.

Courtesy: Twitter

Photographs of Udhampur terror attack suspects Abu Qasim (L) and Abu Okasha. The National Investigation Agency on Friday announced rewards of Rs 10 lakhs for any information leading to arrest of Lashkar-e-Toiba commander Abu Qasim and Rs 5 lakhs for militant Abu Okasha.

PTI Photo

A CCTV footage showing the car seized by the three terrorists for their use before attacking a police station at Dinanagar in Gurdaspur in Punjab.

PTI Photo / TV GRAB

**COMBO** An injured policeman being shifted to SKIMS Soura Hospital, Srinagar after a grenade attack by millitants in Sopore. Pakistani Prisoner Waheed Noor Khan (inset) was killed in the attack.

PTI Photo

A Saudi boy sits beneath a banner with names of Shiite saints to watch the funeral procession Saturday, in Tarut, Saudi Arabia, for Mansour Fateel, who died of his injuries to become the 22nd victim of a mosque bombing claimed by the Islamic State group. Thousands of Shiites took to the streets of eastern Saudi Arabia to remember the latest victim of the country's deadliest terrorist bombing in years and denounce attacks on their community. Arabic graffiti beneath the banner reads: "No to occupying Bahrain."

AP Photo/Hasan Jamali

The ISIS ihadist group demolished a prison in the Syrian city of Palmyra. The prison became notorious throughout Syria as a symbol of the brutality of the regime of former president Hafez al-Assad and his son and successor, Bashar.

Courtesy: Twitter

The ancient Roman city of Palmyra, northeast of Damascus, Syria. Islamic State group fighters overran most of the historic Syrian city of Palmyra, in a blow to efforts to repel the advancing jihadists after the fall of Iraq's Ramadi.

SANA via AP

This photo posted by the anti-government activist website of the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, shows Syrians walking in wreckage in front of a school that was attacked by an airstrike, in Ansari neighborhood in Aleppo, Syria. A Syrian government air raid struck near a school in an opposition-held neighborhood in the northern city of Aleppo, killing several people, including children, activists said.

AP/PTI Photo

Egyptians gather around the crater following a bombing that struck a main police station in the capital of the northern Sinai province in el-Arish, Egypt. The region has been hit by an Islamic insurgency by a group that recently pledged allegiance to the Islamic State.

AP Photo/Muhamed Sabry

Islamic State militants blow up parts of the ancient Iraqi Assyrian city of Nimrud.

TV Grab/Youtube

Army personnel take positions during an encounter with militants at Hef Shermal area of Shopian district.

PTI Photo

Babbar Khalsa militant Jagtar Singh Tara, convicted for life in the former Punjab CM Beant Singh's assassination case, being extradited from Thailand.

PTI Photo

Villagers carry the body of Ishfaq Ahmed Malik, a suspected local militant during his funeral procession in Arwani, near Srinagar. Indian soldiers and police killed five suspected rebels during a fierce gun battle on Jan 15.

AP Photo/Dar Yasin

Combo- L-R- Dilip Basumatary allies Bir Baisa, Forest Secretary of NDFB (S), Khamrei Basumatary allies Udla, Deputy Commander 14th Battalion of NDFB (S) and Ajoi Basumatary allies B. Bhhum Commander 3rd Battalion of NDFB (S) being produced at CJM court at Guwahati after they were arrested from Kohima by National Investigation Agency.

PTI Photo

Bodo villagers moving towards a safer place after they were attacked by Adivashis, in Kokrajhar, Assam.

PTI Photo

Children react to camera at a relief camp at Tinsuti village in Sonitpur district of Indian eastern state of Assam.

AP Photo/Anupam Nath

A child drinks water in a bowl at a relief camp at Tinsuti village in Sonitpur district of Indian eastern state of Assam.

AP Photo/Anupam Nath

A tribal settler shouts slogans as he blocks a road with others in protest against the attack by an indigenous separatist group on their villages, in Shamukjuli village in Sonitpur, Assam.

AP Photo/Anupam Nath

Tribal woman with her child arrives for Christmas prayer in a church where they have taken refuge after fleeing from their village when it came under attack, in Shamukjuli village in Sonitpur, Assam.

AP Photo/Anupam Nath

Houses gutted by National Democratic Front of Bodoland, in Kokrajhar.

PTI Photo

An injured is treated at a hospital after militants attacked in Kokrajhar district of Assam.

PTI Photo

An injured being treated at a hospital after the NDFB (S) militants' attack at four places in Sonitpur and Kokrajhar districts in Assam, killing at least 37 people.

PTI Photo

Army jawans near the house where Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) militants were hiding during an encounter at Chenigam in Kulgam district of South Kashmir.

PTI Photo

Top commander of People Liberation Front of India (PLFI) Jetha Kachhap is produced at a press conference held by Chief Secretary Sajal Chakravarthy and DGP Rajeev Kumar at police headquarters in Ranchi.

PTI Photo

Army personnel takes position during an encounter with militants at Hamlapati village in Handwara.

PTI Photo

A Jaish-e-Muhammad operative, Javaid Ahmad Dar, who was arrested in North Kashmiri’s Baramulla District.

PTI Photo

Smoke rises from the International Red Cross building after a gun battle between security forces and an insurgent, in Jalalabad east of Kabul, Afghanistan.

AP Photo/Rahmat Gul

Army soldiers take position during a gunbattle in Buchoo Balla near Srinagar. Four Indian army soldiers and a suspected rebel were killed in fighting in Kashmir.

AP Photo/Dar Yasin

Liyaqat Ali Shah (L) after being released from Tihar prison on bail by a special NIA court in New Delhi.

PTI Photo

LeT’s Hafiz Saeed at a Quetta rally. He has demanded action against saffron terror.

AFP (From Outlook 04 February 2013)

Hafiz Mohammad Saeed, chief of Jamaat-ud-Dawwah and founder of Lashkar-e-Taiba, addresses a news conference with anti-American cleric Sami ul Haq in Rawalpindi, Pakistan. Saeed, one of Pakistan's most notorious extremists mocked the United States during a defiant media conference close to the country's military headquarters, a day after the U.S. slapped a $10 million bounty on him.

AP Photo/B.K. Bangash

Th Muivah, General Secretary of NSCN-IM, interacts with the media after a meeting with Union Home Minister P Chidambaram, outside the North Block in New Delhi.

PTI Photo | Subhav Shukla

Chairman Arabinda Rajkhowa (2nd R) and other top ULFA leaders after their meeting with Union Home Secretary RK Singh in New Delhi.

PTI Photo | Kamal Kishore

Delhi Police Special Cell arrested two alleged top militants of the outlawed People's Liberation Army (PLA) of Manipur, being produced a Delhi Court in New Delhi.

PTI Photo

Latifullah Mashal, a spokesman for the Afghan intelligence agency speaks during a press conference in Kabul, Afghanistan. Mashal said that Afghan's intelligence agency had shared intelligence information about Taliban leader Mullah Omar's whereabouts "more than 30 times" with neighboring countries, especially Pakistan. There are reports that Omar has been shot dead in Pakistan, but Taliban sources have denied rumours of his death.

AP Photo/Musadeq Sadeq

Blood stains on the ground at the scene of a suicide attack in Alingar, Laghman province, east of Kabul, Afghanistan. A suicide bomber attacked a gathering of tribal leaders, killing four tribal elders and wounding 14 others who were having lunch at a hotel, governor's spokesman Faizanullah Patan said.

AP Photo/Rahmat Gul

Pakistani Interior Minister Rehman Malik briefs the media in Karachi, Pakistan. Pakistani commandos were close to regaining control of a naval base as they hunted for any last holdouts among a team of Islamist militants who attacked and occupied the facility for 15 hours, destroying two U.S.-supplied planes and killing 12 security officers.

AP/PTI

Sohanjit Singh, a close associate of Pakistan based Paramjit Singh Panjwar, chief of Khalistan Commando Force's in police custody, after being arrested in Amritsar.

PTI Photo

United National Liberation Front (UNLF) chief RK Meghen alias RK Sanayaima being produced in a court in Guwahati.

PTI Photo

Afghan soldiers frisk local men near a police headquarter which was attacked by Taliban insurgents in Kandahar south of Kabul, Afghanistan. Taliban insurgents wearing explosive vests attacked the police headquarters on Saturday, unleashing an arsenal of car bombs, automatic rifle fire and rocket-propelled grenades.

AP Photo/Allauddin Khan

U.S. soldiers with the NATO- led International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) secure the area near a police headquarter which was attacked by Taliban insurgents in Kandahar south of Kabul, Afghanistan. Taliban insurgents wearing explosive vests attacked the police headquarters on Saturday, unleashing an arsenal of car bombs, automatic rifle fire and rocket-propelled grenades.

AP Photo/Allauddin Khan

In custody UNLF leader R.K. Meghen

U B Photos (From Outlook, February 07, 2011)

Paresh Barua at an ULFA training camp near China-Myanmar border

U B Photos (From Outlook, February 07, 2011)

Masked Palestinian gunmen from the Islamic Jihad ride a on a vehicle during the funeral procession of Islamic Jihad militant, Mohammed al-Najjar, in the southern Gaza strip town of Khan Younis.

AP Photo/Eyad Baba

Masked Palestinian gunmen carry the body of Islamic Jihad militant, Mohammed al-Najjar, during his funeral in the southern Gaza strip town of Khan Younis. On Tuesday, a missile fired by an Israeli aircraft killed al-Najjar who was riding a motorcycle in southern Gaza, the Israeli military said. The military added the militant was planning a major attack on Israel. During the two years since Israel's bruising invasion of Gaza to stop daily rocket attacks, airstrikes aimed at individual militants have been rare.

AP Photo/Eyad Baba

Mohammed Moksudur Rahman Chowdhury, one of nine men remanded in custody charged with planning an alleged pre-Christmas terror attack, leaves Westminster Magistrates Court in London in a police van. Nine terror suspects allegedly plotting large-scale attacks against British cities and landmarks were charged and jailed until their next court appearance in January.

AP/PTI

A policeman with arrested Hizb-ul-Mujahideen Commander Javed Qureshi in Jammu. Police recovered arms and ammunition from the militant during various anti-militant operations in mountainous Doda district.

PTI Photo

Prime Minister of Pakistan held Kashmir Raja Farooq Haider Khan (left) attends a rally organized by Kashmiri militants groups, on the eve of External Affairs Minister S.M. Krishna's visit to Pakistan, with Syed Salahuddin (center) the head of Kashmiri militant group Hizbul Mujahideen, and Rasheed Turabi in Muzaffarabad, capital of PoK.

AP Photo/Aftab Ahmed

On the eve of External Affairs Minister S.M. Krishna's visit to Pakistan, Syed Salahuddin (second from right) the head of Kashmiri militant group Hizbul Mujahideen, expresses solidarity with other leaders during a rally organized by militant groups in Muzaffarabad, capital of PoK. The top political official in PoK has promised to fight India for control of the disputed territory.

AP Photo/Aftab Ahmed

Kave Rongpipi, Sgt. Maj. of the Karbi Longri North Cachar Hills Liberation Front (KLNLF) holds a gun before surrendering it to the Assam Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi during a special arms decommissioning ceremony in Diphu.

AP Photo/ Anupam Nath

Cadres of KLNF militant group are seen with arrms at an unidentified place in Assam. The rebel group which had recently targeted Hindi-speaking people in Karbi Anglong district, will publicly lay down their arms on February 11 with nearly 400 of its cadres slated to surrender.

PTI Photo

Syed Salahuddin-Hizbul Mujahideen
Wanted in India, Salahuddin lives in Rawalpindi under state patronage. He crossed over to Pakistan following the controversial ’87 state assembly election, which he contested under his real name, Yousuf Shah. A folk hero to Kashmiri fighters, he shuffles between Rawalpindi, where the army HQ is, and Muzaffarabad, the capital of PoK. His salience lies in the fact that his group, Hizbul Mujahideen, consists mostly of Kashmiris, thus bolstering the claims of those who describe the Kashmiri movement as indigenous. Salahuddin has openly stated that Islamabad considers him a freedom fighter and therefore wouldn’t hand him over to India.

Maulana Masood Azhar - Jaish-e-Mohammed
Born in 1968 to the owners of a dairy and poultry farm in Bahawalpur, he studied in Karachi’s Binoria seminary, where he became involved with the Harkat-ul-Ansar. He travelled to Srinagar in early 1994 and organised terrorist activities in Kashmir. Subsequently arrested, he was set free in exchange for the passengers of the hijacked Indian Airlines Flight 814 (IC-814). He then launched the Jaish and was accused of masterminding several attacks in India, including the one on Parliament in December 2001. India has repeatedly demanded Masood’s extradition, but Islamabad says his whereabouts are unknown. Following 26/11, he abandoned his Bahawalpur headquarters, though reports don’t rule out the possibility of his being in an ISI safehouse. Such stories testify to his proximity to the state.

Prof Hafiz Mohammed Saeed - Jamaat-ud Daawa
He’s one man India would love to get its hands on—and a prime example of jehadis flourishing under state patronage. Hafeez is the amir of the pro-Kashmiri Jamaat-ud-Daawa, which is believed to be a front for the Lashkar-e-Toiba, the terror outfit he founded. Thirty-six members of his extended family died while migrating to Pakistan from India during Partition. In founding the LeT, he, a resident of Punjab, broke the tradition of Pashtuns leading the jehad against India. The Lashkar has few Pashtuns and even fewer Kashmiris. Wanted in India for 26/11, he’s accused of masterminding several terror operations in Kashmir and the 2002 suicide assault on the Red Fort in New Delhi. Never found to have been involved in a terror incident in Pakistan, Saeed was placed under house arrest post-Mumbai, but was soon released following court orders. Experts feel the Lashkar’s focus has shifted beyond India to assume the role of “Islam’s saviour”. Pakistani authorities say they will move against Saeed only if they get hard evidence against him.

Maulana Fazlur Rehman Khalil - Harkat-ul-Mujahideen
A veteran of the jehad against Russia, he was part of Bin Laden’s International Islamic Front (IIF) and co-signatory of his ’98 fatwa against the US. After the missile attacks on Qaeda camps in August ’98, Khalil warned at a press conference that for “each of us killed or wounded...at least a 100 Americans will be killed”. Among the militants chosen by the army to occupy the Kargil peaks. Based in Rawalpindi, he went underground after Operation Silence, launched against the fanatic clerics of Lal Masjid in ’07.

Qari Saifullah Akhtar - Harkat-ul Jehad-ul Islami
He was arrested in 1995 for leading ‘Operation Khilafat’, aimed at toppling the Benazir regime and ushering in the Caliphate system. Releases in ’96, he went to Afghanistan where the Taliban’s Mullah Omar made him advisor on political affairs. After the US invasion, he fled Kandahar but was extradited from the UAE in August ’04 for plotting the twin suicide attacks on Gen Musharraf in December ’03. Was mysteriously set free weeks before Benazir returned to Pakistan in ’08. In a posthumous book, she named him as the main suspect in the assassination bid on her on October 18, ’07, in Karachi. Said to be in Waziristan now.

Qari Hussain Mehsud - Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan
Popularly known as the Ustad-e-Fidayeen (Teacher of suicide bombers), he runs camps in South Waziristan to train children to become suicide bombers. A video taken at one of his camps in Spinkai area—which he released himself—shows children as young as seven years old being indoctrinated to wage jehad in Pakistan and Afghanistan. Two major suicide hits claimed on the video were the March 11, 2008, suicide attack on the Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) building in Lahore and the November 24, 2007, twin suicide attacks in front of the ISI headquarters in the Faizabad area of Rawalpindi. The Pakistani military demolished Hussain’s Spinkai ‘suicide camp’ during a brief offensive against the Taliban in January 2008. The authorities claimed he too had died in the operation. But the ustad mocked the military a week later, convening a press conference and declared, “I am alive, don’t you see me?” Still at large, he’s wanted by the FIA.

Maulvi Faqir Mohammed - Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan
Born in 1970 in the Bajaur Agency, the deputy commander of the TTP was first mentored by Maulana Sufi Mohammed. The two were introduced in 1993 after which he became a staunch TNSM activist. Sufi Mohammed’s two sons were captured in Afghanistan after the fall of the Taliban regime in late 2001 and extradited to Pakistan. But Faqir managed to escape the American dragnet. He’s wanted for his contacts with the Taliban and Al Qaeda militants (he has publicly talked of his close ties with Osama’s No. 2 Ayman Zawahiri). Following the death of Baitullah, Faqir declared he had assumed the temporary leadership of the TTP, only to retract his claims on August 22 and announcing Hakeemullah as the TTP’s new amir. Faqir is accused of orchestrating the November 8, 2006, suicide attack on an army training centre at Dargai in NWFP, which killed 45 recruits of the Punjab Regiment Centre. He’s wanted by the FIA.

Matiur Rehman - Lashkar-e-Jhangvi
He’s the chief operational commander of Lashkar-e-Jhangvi (LeJ) as well as Al Qaeda’s planning director. Born in 1977 in Bahawalpur district of Punjab, his reputation rests on his bomb-making skills, as also for his liaisons between the Al Qaeda and the Pakistani jehadi community. Matiur was linked with the August 2006 trans-Atlantic plot to use homemade liquid explosive devices to destroy a fleet of US-bound British aeroplanes. He’s also suspected to have been behind the devastating bombing of the elite Marriott Hotel in Islamabad. Wanted by both the FBI and FIA, he carries a bounty of Rs 10 million.

Hakeemullah Mehsud - Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan
Hakeemullah, 28, has just become the TTP’s new amir following Baitullah’s death. Also known as Zulfiqar Mehsud, he led the ttp fighters in the Orakzai, Khyber and Kurram agencies of FATA, attacking NATO’s supply lines and destroying more than 600 of its vehicles and shipping containers. He also took credit for a string of suicide attacks, including the March 2009 assault on the Manawan Police Training Academy, Lahore. After he was anointed the new TTP chief, interior minister Rehman Malik rubbished the news, claiming the fugitive had been killed in a shootout. But Hakeemullah is still alive—and still intent on mowing down people.

Maulana Fazlullah - Amir, Tehrik-e-Nifaz-e-Shariat-e-Mohammadi
Popularly known as ‘Mullah Radio’, he’s the son-in-law of Maulana Sufi Mohammed, the TNSM founder whose ultimate goal is to enforce Shariat or Islamic law in all of Pakistan. Born on March 1, 1975, Maulana Fazlullah earned the sobriquet Mullah Radio for using illegal FM channels to broadcast vituperative speeches, threatening people with dire consequences should they not adhere to Shariat and instigating the residents of Swat into taking part in jehad. His 10,000 armed volunteers established a parallel government in almost 60 towns of the Swat valley, replete with Islamic courts delivering instant justice and gun-toting men directing traffic. His reign of terror saw officials flee Swat. He became a household name after the fierce resistance his men mounted against the Pakistan army, despatched there to dismantle the TNSM’s jehadi infrastructure following the collapse of a peace agreement between Sufi Mohammed and the government. Hundreds of security personnel lost their lives in a spate of suicide attacks masterminded by Fazlullah. And though the army reclaimed Swat, Fazlullah remains at large. Suspected of having strong links with the Al Qaeda and Taliban, he carries a reward of Rs 5 million on his head.

Pakistani Taliban chief Baitullah Mehsud, who led a violent campaign of suicide attacks and assassinations against the Pakistani government, has been killed in a U.S. missile strike.

AP Photo/Express Channel

The dead body of Qari Zainuddin, a Taliban faction leader who was fatally shot and killed, is seen at his residence in Dera Ismail Khan, Pakistan. Zainuddin, who criticized the militant group's Pakistani head over attacks that killed civilians, was killed reportedly by one of his own guards.

AP Photo/Naveed Sultan

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