Maulana Masood Azhar - Jaish-e-Mohammed
Born in 1968 to the owners of a dairy and poultry farm in Bahawalpur, he studied in Karachi’s Binoria seminary, where he became involved with the Harkat-ul-Ansar. He travelled to Srinagar in early 1994 and organised terrorist activities in Kashmir. Subsequently arrested, he was set free in exchange for the passengers of the hijacked Indian Airlines Flight 814 (IC-814). He then launched the Jaish and was accused of masterminding several attacks in India, including the one on Parliament in December 2001. India has repeatedly demanded Masood’s extradition, but Islamabad says his whereabouts are unknown. Following 26/11, he abandoned his Bahawalpur headquarters, though reports don’t rule out the possibility of his being in an ISI safehouse. Such stories testify to his proximity to the state.