The U.N. Security Council held emergency closed consultations Thursday on the Taliban's latest crackdown on Afghan women as it considered a presidential statement that would express deep concern at its new ban on women leaving home “without necessity” and wearing head-to-toe clothing when they do go out in public.
The Norwegian-drafted statement would also call for a reversal of policies that restrict the rights of women and girls.
Taliban hard-liners, who came to power last August, have turned back the clock in Afghanistan to their harsh rule from 1996 until December 2001 when they were ousted from power by U.S. forces following the 9/11 attacks in the United States, with girls and women still the main target.
In addition to Saturday's new order on leaving home and clothing, girls are now banned from going to school beyond the sixth grade, women are barred from most jobs and from boarding planes if they travel unaccompanied by a male relative, and men and women can only visit public parks on separate days.
Norway's deputy U.N. ambassador Trine Heimerback told reporters before the council meeting that the Taliban's policies are focusing on oppressing women and girls rather than addressing the country's “catastrophic economic and humanitarian situation,” which she warned may lead “to violence and radicalization.”
Ireland and Mexico, co-chairs of the Security Council Informal Expert Group on Women, Peace and Security, sent a letter to council members Thursday calling the latest Taliban decision appalling.
It confirms that Afghanistan's current rulers have “no intention of promoting, respecting or upholding the rights of women and girls, or of honoring the multiple commitments that they have made to Afghan women and to the international community in recent months,” they said.
In addition, the co-chairs said the Taliban's decision “shows an utter disregard for the council's clear message that women must play a full, equal and meaningful role in all aspects of public and political life in Afghanistan.”
Ireland's U.N. Ambassador Geraldine Byrne Nason told reporters women and girls “are now facing some of the harshest restrictions imaginable,” and the international community and the Security Council have “a moral responsibility to act” and condemn Taliban policies that seek to exclude half of Afghanistan's population.
Britain's U.N. Ambassador Barbara Woodward said that over the last 20 years women have had opportunities for education, work, deciding about their own future, and to be part of “a thriving cultural environment.” Before the Taliban took over, she said, 3.6 million girls were in school, a quarter of the seats in parliament were held by women, and women comprised 20% of the workforce.
“And now the Taliban is seeking to strip all of that away,” Woodward said, stressing that women shouldn't have to accept “a life banished to the sidelines.”
She told reporters after Thursday's closed-door council meeting that ambassadors discussed activities of the U.N. political mission in Afghanistan, “but really focusing on the situation for women and girls.”
Asked about prospects for the Security Council agreeing on the presidential statement, Woodward said, “I very much hope that very shortly we'll be able to agree a product that expresses our collective agreement and concern about these latest developments.”