Iran's hard-line president vowed revenge on Monday over the killing of a senior Revolutionary Guard member gunned down in the heart of Tehran the day before, a still-mysterious attack on the country's powerful paramilitary force.
Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi hailed Col. Hassan Sayyad Khodaei as a martyr and blamed “the hand of global arrogance,” a reference to the United States and its allies, including Israel, for his slaying.
There has been no claim of responsibility for the killing, carried out on Sunday afternoon by two unidentified gunmen on a motorbike. They shot Khodaei five times in a car, an unarmored budget SAIPA Pride — among the cheapest, most-common Iranian vehicles.
But the style of the brazen attack bore the hallmarks of previous slayings in Iran blamed on Israel, such as those targeting the country's nuclear scientists.
“I have no doubt that revenge against the criminals for the blood of this martyr is assured,” Raisi said before leaving Tehran for a state visit to the sultanate of Oman, a strategic Gulf Arab state that traditionally mediates between Tehran and the West.
His remarks suggested Khodaei's power and prominence in the murky structure of the Guard, which exerts extensive control inside Iran and across the Middle East via allied militias.
The Guard identified Khodaei as a “defender of the shrine,” a reference to Iranians who fight against the extremist Islamic State group in Syria and Iraq within the elite Quds force that oversees operations abroad.
While Iran has yet to offer any definitive biographic information on Khodaei, Israeli media on Sunday night ran simultaneous stories alleging Khodaei had organized plots against Israeli diplomats, businesspeople and other foreign officials abroad.
The news reports, all of which ran without attribution, suggest Israeli intelligence officials briefed journalists on the Iranian colonel. There was no official comment from the Israeli government.
Iran has accused Israel of carrying out similar motorbike slayings targeting Iranian nuclear scientists a decade ago. In the last year, Iran blamed Israel for a particularly high-tech killing that targeted Mohsen Fakhrizadeh, the country's chief nuclear scientist that masterminded the Islamic Republic's disbanded military nuclear programme. A remote-controlled machine gun killed him on a country road.
The killing of Khodaei comes at a fraught time for the country. Negotiations with the Biden administration aimed at restoring the tattered nuclear agreement remain deadlocked, apparently over whether to lift the US terrorism designation on the Guard. The European Union's envoy for the nuclear talks visited Tehran earlier this month in hopes of finding a compromise, apparently without results.
With Israel's support, former President Donald Trump withdrew America from Tehran's nuclear accord with world powers in 2018 and re-imposed sanctions.
The stranglehold of US sanctions along with Iran's economic mismanagement has led to soaring inflation, high youth unemployment and rising poverty. Raisi's administration has struggled to halt the tailspin.
With pressures mounting in the wake of Russia's war on Ukraine and global supply chain snarls, the Iranian government last month slashed subsidies for imported wheat and raised prices as as much as 300% for other food staples.
The move deepened economic despair and public anger, prompting sporadic protests against the government across several provinces.
As the Iranian currency, the rial, shrivels in value and people watch their incomes diminish with surging prices, strikes over salary disputes among bus drivers and teachers have also gained traction across the country. Security forces have sought to crack down with arrests and officials have sought to downplay the unrest, with Raisi over the weekend saying that “hard decisions” needed to be taken even if people disagreed.
The sultanate of Oman, where American and Iranian diplomats quietly drew up Tehran's nuclear deal — signed in 2015 by Iran and six world powers — gave Raisi a royal welcome on Monday as he touched down in Muscat. He was expected to meet Sultan Haitham bin Tariq Al Said to boost relations with the neutral country, known to deftly navigate the region's political and sectarian conflicts.