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World War I

Prime Minister Boris Johnson rushes to Parliament after an Armistice Day service at Westminster Abbey in London. Services held in many nations Wednesday commemorate the 102nd anniversary of the armistice ending World War I and honoring all those who died in war.

Photo by AP/PTI

The empty Champs Elysees avenue is seen during the Armistice Day ceremonies marking the end of World War I, in Paris. French President Emmanuel Macron is commemorating the 102nd anniversary of the armistice ending World War I and honoring all those who have died for France in two elaborate, solemn ceremonies Wednesday.

Christian Hartmann/Pool via AP

The Red Arrows, officially known as the Royal Air Force Aerobatic Team flies over the London Eye in London on the 75th anniversary of the end of World War II in Europe. The 75th anniversary of the end of World War II in Europe should be all about parades, remembrances, and one last great hurrah for veteran soldiers who are mostly in their nineties. Instead, it is a time of coronavirus lockdown and loneliness spent in search of memories both bitter and sweet.

AP/PTI

People explore Battleship Texas in Houston. The ship that served both World War I and World War II and that will be closing for visitors Aug. 25. The Battleship Texas Foundation will be taking over the operations and repairs of the 106-year-old ship. The nonprofit organization will be moving the ship for repairs and will find it a longtime home.

AP/PTI

Marchers burn flares in the annual March of Independence organized by far right activists to celebrate 100 years of Poland's independence, in Warsaw. The nation of Poland regained its sovereignty at the end of World War I after being wiped off the map for more than a century.

AP/PTI

Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau hugs Nobel peace prize winner Iraqi Yazidi's Nadia Murad Basee Taha at the Paris Peace Forum as part of the commemoration ceremony for Armistice Day, in Paris. International leaders attended a ceremony in Paris at mark the 100th anniversary of the end of World War I.

AP/PTI

From the left, French President Emmanuel Macron, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Russian President Vladimir Putin and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau look up at the Paris Peace Forum as part of the commemoration ceremony for Armistice Day, in Paris. International leaders attended a ceremony in Paris to mark the 100th anniversary of the end of World War I.

AP/PTI

US President Donald Trump stands amongst the headstones during an American Commemoration Ceremony at Suresnes American Cemetery near Paris. Trump is attending centennial commemorations in Paris this weekend to mark the Armistice that ended World War I.

AP/PTI

French President Emmanuel Macron, right, and U.S President Donal Trump thumb up at the Elysee Palace in Paris. Trump is joining other world leaders at centennial commemorations in Paris this weekend to mark the end of World War I.

AP/PTI

A soldier walks by wooden crosses and names of the missing during an Armistice ceremony at the Menin Gate in Ypres, Belgium marks exactly 100 years since the end of the First World War.

AP Photo/Virginia Mayo

(From L) Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, Morocco's Prince Moulay Hassan, Moroccan King Mohammed VI, US First Lady Melania Trump, US President Donald Trump, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, French President Emmanuel Macron and his wife Brigitte Macron, Russian President Vladimir Putin and Australian Governor-General Peter Cosgrove attend a ceremony the Arc de Triomphe in Paris, France, as part of the commemorations marking the 100th anniversary of the 11 November 1918 armistice, ending World War I.

Ludovic Marin/Pool Photo via AP

U.S President Donald Trump, left, shakes hands with French President Emmanuel Macron during ceremonies at the Arc de Triomphe. Over 60 heads of state and government were taking part in a solemn ceremony at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, the mute and powerful symbol of sacrifice to the millions who died from 1914-18.

AP Photo/Francois Mori, Pool

Russian President Vladimir Putin shakes hands with US President Donald Trump as he arrives to attend a ceremony at the Arc de Triomphe in Paris as part of commemorations marking the 100th anniversary of the 11 November 1918 armistice, ending World War I.

Ludovic Marin/Pool Photo via AP

British Prime Minister Theresa May, right, and French President Emmanuel Macron, left, walk together after laying wreaths at the World War I Thiepval Memorial in Thiepval, France. The memorial commemorates more than 72,000 men of British and South African forces who died in the Somme.

AP Photo/Francisco Seco, Pool

A rain drop covers a photograph of Gerald Briedell of the Royal Irish Regiment who was killed in action on Nov. 23, 1914, adorns a cross placed in the Field of Remembrance at Westminster Abbey in preparation for the annual Armistice Day commemoration for the dead and injured military and civilian in conflicts around the world on Nov. 11, in London.

AP Photo/Alastair Grant

British artist Rob Heard poses for photographs amongst rows of 72,396 shrouded figures which form his piece of commemorative art 'Shrouds of the Somme' to mark the upcoming centenary of the end of World War I, in the Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park, London. Each figure is a human form, individually shaped, shrouded and made to a name of the 72,396 missing British and Commonwealth servicemen who were killed fighting in the Somme area of France between July 1, 2016 and March 20, 1918 who have no known grave and whose names are engraved on the Thiepval Memorial in France. World War I ended on November 11, 1918.

AP Photo/Matt Dunham

A Yeoman Warder, commonly referred to as a 'Beefeater', stands amongst the first of thousands of lit flames which form part of an installation called 'Beyond the Deepening Shadow: The Tower Remembers', in the dry moat of the Tower of London, to mark the centenary of the end of World War One, in London.

AP Photo/Alastair Grant

A representative, third left orange top, from engineering and construction company VolkerFitzpatrick and members of the British military's 1st Battalion The Royal Anglian Regiment, The Vikings, help layout out in rows 72,396 shrouded figures made by British artist Rob Heard, for his piece of commemorative art 'Shrouds of the Somme' to mark the upcoming centenary of the end of World War I, in the Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park, London. World War I ended on November 11, 1918.

AP/PTI

Russian soldiers dressed in Red Army World War II winter uniforms stand prior to the start of a rehearsal of the Nov. 7 parade in Red Square, with St. Basil Cathedral in the background, in Moscow, Russia. The parade marks the 77th anniversary of a World War II historic parade in Red Square and honored the participants in the Nov. 7, 1941 parade who headed directly to the front lines to defend Moscow from the Nazi forces.

AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko

Students of the Portuguese Army School ride their horses during a military parade in Lisbon to commemorate the centenary of the end of World War I. Some 4.500 soldiers took part in the parade.

AP Photo/Armando Franca

Frecce Tricolori (Three Colors Arrows) acrobatic squad of the Italian Air Force flies over Rome on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the end of WWI and Armed Forces Day.

AP Photo/Gregorio Borgia

People are silhouetted against the north frieze and Liberty Memorial Tower at the National World War I Museum and Memorial after it was illuminated by 5,000 poppies in Kansas City, Missouri. Red poppy flowers became a symbol of peace following World War I after they were referenced in the poem titled "In Flanders Field." The display will continue nightly until November 11, which marks the 100th anniversary of the end of war.

AP Photo/Charlie Riedel

A Chelsea Pensioner, in his ceremonial uniform as a retired member of the British army and resident of the Royal Hospital Chelsea retirement and care home, poses for photographs with 6 foot 'Tommy' figures at the Royal Hospital Chelsea in London, for the 'There But Not There' campaign to commemorate the upcoming centenary of the end of World War I. World War I ended on November 11, 1918 and 'There But Not There' is the 2018 Armistice project for the charity Remembered.

AP Photo/Matt Dunham

Men in WWI military uniforms pose in the Meuse-Argonne cemetery, northeastern France, during a remembrance ceremony. A remembrance ceremony is taking place Sunday for the 1918 Meuse-Argonne offensive, America's deadliest battle ever that cost 26,000 lives but helped bringing an end to World War 1.

AP Photo/Thibault Camus

Mark Shively, from Beaverton, Oregon, shows a photo of his grandfather, World War I Marine Corps Private Norman Alfred Roberts, as he leaves flowers at the grave of his grandfather's unit commander Lt. Carleton Burr during Memorial Day weekend at the Aisne-Marne American Cemetery in Belleau, France.

AP Photo/Virginia Mayo

Mark Shively, from Beaverton, Oregon leaves flowers at the grave of his grandfathers unit commander, World War I U.S. Marine Corps Lt. Carleton Burr, during Memorial Day weekend at the Aisne-Marne American Cemetery in Belleau, France. Shively's grandfather Marine Corps Pvt. Norman Albert Roberts, wounded during the Battle of Belleau Wood in June of 1918, made it home to America before the war ended. His unit commander Lt. Carleton Burr was killed in nearby Vierzy, France in July 1918.

AP Photo/Virginia Mayo

A Turkish soldier, dressed in WWI-era uniform, stands guard during the international service in recognition of the Gallipoli campaign at Mehmetcik monument in the Gallipoli peninsula, Turkey. The annual Anzac Day ceremony on April 25 remembers the forces of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps under British command in World War I who fought a bloody nine-month battle against Turkish forces on the Gallipoli peninsula in 1915. The doomed Allied offensive to secure a naval route from the Mediterranean to Istanbul through the Dardanelles, and take the Ottomans out of the war, resulted in over 130,000 deaths on both sides.

AP Photo/Emrah Gurel

Brigadier Indrajit Chatterjee, Commandant of the Garhwal Rifles Regimental Centre presenting to Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman an urn containing the soil of the grave of two Indian soldiers of 39 Garhwal Rifles who lost their lives during WWI in France, in New Delhi. Army chief Gen Bipin Singh Rawat is also seen.

PTI Photo by Manvender Vashist

A man looks at Tommy, a statue of a First World War soldier by artist Ray Lonsdale, as the sun rises on Remembrance Sunday in Seaham, England.

Danny Lawson/PA via AP

The Notre Dame cathedral is illuminated during a light show called "Dame de Coeur" to celebrate the centenary of the First World War, in Paris.

AP Photo/Christophe Ena

History enthusiasts and descendants of Australian Mounted Division and ANZAC (Australian and New Zealand Mounted Division) Mounted Division soldiers play cricket before the reenactment of the Battle of Beersheba when British and ANZAC forces captured Beersheba from the Ottoman Empire during the World War I, as part of the 100 years anniversary in near Beersheba, southern Israel.

AP/PTI Photo

Descendants of Australian Mounted Division and ANZAC (Australian and New Zealand Mounted Division) Mounted Division soldiers practice their riding skills ahead of the 100 years anniversary of the Battle of Beersheba when British and ANZAC forces captured Beersheba from the Ottoman Empire during the World War I, in Eshkol National Park near the Gaza border.

AP Photo/Oded Balilty

Descendants of Australian Mounted Division and ANZAC (Australian and New Zealand Mounted Division) Mounted Division soldiers practice their riding skills ahead of the 100 years anniversary of the Battle of Beersheba when British and ANZAC forces captured Beersheba from the Ottoman Empire during the World War I, in Eshkol National Park near the Gaza border.

AP Photo/Oded Balilty

A statue of Margaretha Zelle, also known as Mata Hari stands in the neighborhood she was born in Leeuwarden, Netherlands. A century ago, on Oct. 15, 1917, an exotic dancer named Mata Hari was executed by a French firing squad, condemned as a sultry Dutch double agent who supposedly led tens of thousands of soldiers to their death during World War I.

AP Photo/Virginia Mayo

New Zealanders perform the traditional Haka dance during a commemoration ceremony for the WWI Battle of Passchendaele in Ypres, Belgium.

AP/PTI

French Alphajets of the Patrouille de France fly over the Champs Elysees avenue, with the Arc de Triomphe in background, during the Bastille Day parade, in Paris. Paris has tightened security before its annual Bastille Day parade, which this year is being opened by American troops with President Donald Trump as the guest of honor to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the United States' entry into World War I.

AP/PTI

U.S. soldiers dressed like WWI soldiers walk down the Champs Elysees avenue during the traditional Bastille Day military parade in Paris, France.

AP/PTI

French President Emmanuel Macron, left, welcomes a waving U.S President Donald Trump before their meeting at the Elysee Palace in Paris. Trump will be the parade's guest of honor to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the U.S. entry into World War I. U.S. troops will open the parade as is traditional for the guest of honor.

AP/PTI

Canadian soldiers march at a sunset ceremony and mounting of the vigil at the WWI Canadian National Vimy Memorial in Givenchy-en-Gohelle, France. Commemoration ceremonies will take place at the memorial to honor Canadian soldiers who were killed or wounded during the Battle of Vimy Ridge in April 1917.

AP Photo/Virginia Mayo

Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, left, Britain's Prince William, Duke of Cambridge and Britain's Prince Harry, right, stand during the commemorations of the 100th anniversary of the Battle of Vimy Ridge at the WWI Canadian National Vimy Memorial in Vimy, France. The commemorative ceremony at the memorial honors Canadian soldiers who were killed or wounded during the Battle of Vimy Ridge in April 1917.

Philippe Huguen/Pool Photo via AP

Two Royal Canadian Mounted Police officers stand vigil prior to a ceremony marking the 100th anniversary of the Battle of Vimy Ridge at the WWI Canadian National Vimy Memorial in Givenchy-en-Gohelle, France. The commemorative ceremony at the memorial honors Canadian soldiers who were killed or wounded during the Battle of Vimy Ridge in April 1917.

AP Photo/Virginia Mayo

France's President Francois Hollande, right shakes hand with former French President Nicolas Sarkozy during the Armistice Day ceremonies marking the end of World War I, in Paris, France.

AP/PTI

The Italian Air Force acrobatic squad 'Frecce Tricolori' (three-color arrows) fly over Rome's Monument to the Unknown Soldier during the celebrations for the Armed Forces Day. The Armed Force Day marks the anniversary of the end of World War I for Italy, on Nov. 4, 1918.

AP Photo/Gregorio Borgia

An Indian cavalryman gives food to a girl in Mesopotamia

“Exploding charges of 75 mm shells/Ring out piously like bells” — Guillaume Apollinaire

Photograph by AP

Romanian servicemen hold torches during events marking 100 years since Romania engaged in WWI in Bucharest, Romania.

AP Photo/Vadim Ghirda

Britain's Prince William and his wife Kate, the Duchess of Cambridge, talk with young volunteers in the cemetery of the World War I Thiepval Monument during the Somme centenary commemorations in Thiepval, northern France.

AP/PTI

French President Francois Hollande, and German Chancellor Angela Merkel pay their respect in front of the Eternal Flame at the Douaumont's Ossuary, during a remembrance ceremony to mark the centenary of the battle of Verdun. Hollande and Merkel are marking 100 years since the 10-month Battle of Verdun, which killed 163,000 French and 143,000 German soldiers and wounded hundreds of thousands.

AP/PTI

Chinese President Xi Jinping stands in a car to review the army during a parade commemorating the 70th anniversary of Japan's surrender during World War II held in front of Tiananmen Gate in Beijing. The spectacle involved more than 12,000 troops, 500 pieces of military hardware and 200 aircraft of various types, representing what military officials say is the Chinese military's most cutting-edge technology.

AP Photo/Ng Han Guan

In this file photo, Thomas Foster, a Navy veteran from Huntsville, dances with his wife, Carolyn, as World War II veterans filled the Davidson Center during the the 70th Anniversary of the end of World War II Recognition and Thank You Celebration, at the U.S. Space & Rocket Center in Huntsville, Ala.

Eric Schultz/AL.com via AP

Letters of soldiers on display at an exhibition at Manekshaw Centre on centenary commemoration of World War- 1 in New Delhi.

PTI Photo

President Pranab Mukherjee with Air Chief Marshal Arup Raha, Navy chief RK Dhowan and Army Chief Gen Dalbir Singh Suhag during inauguration of an exhibition at Manekshaw Centre on centenary commemoration of World War- 1 in New Delhi.

PTI Photo

President Pranab Mukherjee going around an exhibition at Manekshaw Centre on centenary commemoration of World War- 1 in New Delhi.

PTI Photo

Prime Minister Narendra Modi salutes at the Amar Jawan Jyoti on the occasion of the centenary commemoration of World War I, in New Delhi.

PTI Photo/ \Manvender Vashist

Air Chief Marshal Arup Raha, Naval Chief Admiral RK Dhowan and Army chief Gen Dalbir Singh during the centenary commemoration of World War I at the India Gate in New Delhi.

PTI Photo by Manvender Vashist

The centenary commemoration of World War I at the India Gate in New Delhi.

PTI Photo by Manvender Vashist

Prime Minister Narendra Modi salutes at the India Gate, with the three chief of armed forces standing behind him in New Delhi. The Army is organizing a series of events that began Monday to commemorate the valor and sacrifice of Indian soldiers who fought in the First World War.

AP Photo/Saurabh Das

The three chiefs of the rmed forces, left to right, Army chief General Dalbir Singh Suhag, Naval chief Admiral R.K. Dhowan, Air Chief Marshal Arup Raha, wait for the arrival of Prime Minister Narendra Modi at the India Gate war memorial in New Delhi.

AP Photo/Saurabh Das

Three Chiefs of the defence forces pay homage at India Gate War Memorial during the wreath laying ceremony on Centenary Commemoration of World War I in New Delhi.

PTI Photo/Manvender Vashist

Soldiers march after the wreath laying ceremony at India Gate War Memorial on Centenary Commemoration of World War I in New Delhi.

PTI Photo/Manvender Vashist

President's bodyguards after the wreath laying ceremony at India Gate war memorial during centenary commemoration of World War I, in New Delhi.

PTI Photo/Manvender Vashist

Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar along with the three chiefs of defence forces during the wreath laying ceremony at India Gate War Memorial on Centenary Commemoration of World War I in New Delhi.

PTI Photo/Manvender Vashist

Foreign diplomats paying homage at India Gate War Memorial during wreath laying ceremony on Centenary Commemoration of World War I in New Delhi.

PTI Photo/Manvender Vashist

President Pranab Mukherjee during the wreath laying ceremony at India Gate war memorial on the centenary commemoration of World War I in New Delhi.

PTI Photo/Manvender Vashist

Pope Francis prays at the gravestones of an Austro-Hungarian cemetery in Fogliano di Redipuglia, northern Italy. Pope Francis will confront a piece of his own family history when he visits a World War I memorial Saturday built amid the battlefields where his grandfather fought in the brutal Italian offensive against the Austro-Hungarian empire, surviving to impress upon the future pope the horrors of war.

AP Photo/Luca Bruno

Seaworthy A picture of the German light cruiser SMS Emden, ‘swan of the East’

People look at the work-in-progress ceramic poppy art installation by artist Paul Cummins entitled 'Blood Swept Lands and Seas of Red' in the dry moat of the Tower of London. The finished installation will be made up of 888,246 ceramic poppies, with the final poppy being placed on Armistice Day on November 11. Each poppy represents a British and Commonwealth military fatality from World War I.

AP Photo/Matt Dunham

Duke of Cambridge Prince William, center, Kate the Duchess of Cambridge and Prince Harry visit a ceramic poppy art installation by ceramic artist Paul Cummins entitled 'Blood Swept Lands and Seas of Red' for its official unveiling in the dry moat of the Tower of London in London.

AP Photo/ Matt Dunham

Britain's Prince William, the Duke of Cambridge, centre, walks with Kate, the Duchess of Cambridge and Prince Harry, as they view the Tower of London's 'Blood Swept Lands and Seas of Red' poppy installation, to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the outbreak of WWI, in London. Their visit to the work in progress installation, which currently consists of approximately 120,000 ceramic poppies and will finish with 888,246 poppies, was held to mark the centenary of World War I. The final ceramic poppy will be placed on Armistice Day on November 11, with each poppy representing a British and Commonwealth military fatality from World War I.

AP Photo/ Matt Dunham

Russian President Vladimir Putin speaks at an opening ceremony of the monument to the Heroes of the World War I, behind him, on the day of the 100th anniversary of its beginning in Victory Park on Poklonnaya Hill in Moscow, Russia. Putin said in his Friday’s speech that it’s important today to remember how narrow ambitions and political interests triggered World War I in order to avoid new conflicts.

AP Photo/Yuri Kochetkov, pool

In this undated file photo, Indian troops arrive in France to fight for Empire in World War I. This year marks the centenary of the start of the Great War.

AP/PTI

A girl leaps over headstones at the Jakarta War Cemetery following the ANZAC Day dawn service in Jakarta, Indonesia.

AP Photo/Mark Baker

Head of the New Zealand Defense Staff Brigadier Anthony Hayward, left, and Head of the Australian Defense Staff Brigadier Bill Sowry salute after laying wreaths beside the Australian War Memorial during a dawn service to mark the 99th Anzac Day in Hyde Park Corner, London.

AP Photo/Matt Dunham

A soldier stands on a memorial filled with wooden crosses and red poppies during an Anzac Day service at Polygon Wood in Zonnebeke, Belgium. Anzac Day is commemorated by New Zealand and Australia to remember the service of those who fought in all wars.

AP Photo/Virginia Mayo

A veteran uses a disposable rain coat to fend off the rain during the ANZAC Day parade, in Sydney, commemorating the anniversary of the first major military action fought by Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) during the First World War.

AP Photo/Rick Rycroft

Caged in care Treatment of invalid sepoys was good, but there were harsh restrictions

Courtesy: India’s Participation in World War I by Captain Amarinder Singh and Vedica Kant/Roli Books

Vladimir Ilich Lenin, Russian Bolshevik leader

Getty Images (From Outlook 31 March 2014)

Duel unto death A French and German soldier in a trench, Oct 8, 1916

AFP (From Outlook 31 March 2014)

The Armistice Illustration of the inter-allied conference at Versailles where the treaty was signed after WW-I, 1918

South African General Jan Smuts and the Bikaner Maharajah inspecting a guard in London, 1917

Getty Images (From Outlook 31 March 2014)

Indian troops in France in 1916, before the Anglo-French offensive on the Aisne

Getty Images (From Outlook 31 March 2014)

Cross-continent war A Sept 1918 photo of American troops pounding German lines

AFP (From Outlook 31 March 2014)

In Mesopotamia British troops led by Gen Frederick Maude enter Baghdad

Getty Images (From Outlook 31 March 2014)

Kut Relief Force Captured Turkish prisoners as the British advance

Harry Chowfin, right, was meticulous in saving army records

Madhupriya Choudhry

Smoked gun An Indian soldier with a howitzer blown up by a direct hit

Getty Images (From Outlook 31 March 2014)

From far away Men of the 6th Jat Cavalry take a hookah break in France, 1915

Eye on a periscope trained on enemy trenches, an Indian soldier in France does sentry duty

Indian infantrymen at a trench during the battle of Neuve Chapelle (March 1915), the first British offensive of the Western Front

Getty Images (From Outlook 31 March 2014)

For the fallen Indian troops march to the Cenotaph through the streets of London, 1919

Getty Images (From Outlook 31 March 2014)

A muddy war The flow of troops overwhelms a track in Fricourt, France, 1917

Getty Images (From Outlook 31 March 2014)

Fenced In An Indian PoW at a German camp

Courtesy: India’s Participation in World War I by Captain Amarinder Singh and Vedica Kant/Roli Books