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Covid Explained: What Are The Symptoms? When Do You Need To Be Hospitalised?

Like all other pandemics in the past, a second wave with the Covid-19 was an expected occurrence. But the first wave did give us very important lessons of preventing a second one.

Covid Explained: What Are The Symptoms? When Do You Need To Be Hospitalised?
The Covid-19 virus spreads primarily through saliva or discharge from the nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes. | Representational image
Covid Explained: What Are The Symptoms? When Do You Need To Be Hospitalised?
outlookindia.com
2021-04-29T07:37:17+05:30

It has been more than a year since the deadly Covid-19 wreaked havoc in India, and even after several efforts to contain its spread, the second wave of the virus is currently spreading like wildfire in the nation. India overtook Brazil to become the second-most affected country globally by the coronavirus.

Like all other pandemics in the past, a second wave with the Covid-19 was an expected occurrence. But the first wave did give us very important lessons of preventing a second one. Since we did not learn from history, we are doomed to repeat it. 

The Covid-19 virus spreads primarily through saliva or discharge from the nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes. The virus enters the body via nose, mouth and eyes.

Some recent studies suggest that virus may be airborne and can be spread through fine infected droplets that remain suspended in the air in closed air-conditioned environments of offices, AC cabs-buses, shopping malls and theatres due to absence of cross-ventilation, even when you are not in direct contact with an infected person.

What are the most commonly reported symptoms of Covid?

• Dry cough, cold, sore throat

• Fever or chills

• Fatigue, tiredness, muscle or body aches

• Headache

• Congestion or runny nose

• Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing

• Loss of appetite/taste/smell

The severity and duration of symptoms for people who have Covid-19 can vary; for most people, usually the symptoms take 7-14 days to subside. Some people may have no symptoms while others may require hospitalization to treat these symptoms. Recovery from symptoms varies from person to person. In some cases these symptoms might persist even after testing negative for Covid-19.

If you have any of these symptoms, you should consult your physician who will advise for Covid testing if indicated. If you test positive and you have mild symptoms, the doctor may advise home treatment. Else, hospitalization may be advised.

When to seek emergency medical advice?

Monitor your symptoms regularly. If you get any one of the following, seek emergency medical care immediately:

• Worsening shortness of breath/ trouble breathing and cough

• If you are using a pulse oximeter, oxygen saturation less than 95%

• Worsening ability to concentrate/confusion

• Bluish lips or face

• A new or returning fever or persistent fever more than 101o F for 3 days

• Persistent pain or pressure in the chest

• Inability to wake or stay awake

Source: Ministry of Health & Family Welfare Guidelines

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