In the United States, the tussle between the Executive and the Judiciary is not just the usual slapping down of overreach by either side but is based on conservative or liberal ideas that the country’s two main political parties—the Republicans and Democrats—champion. There are major differences between conservatives and liberals but hot-button issues are racial justice, gender equality, including LGBT rights, gun laws and the environment.
The appointment of justices has much to do with political loyalties on these issues. Nine justices make up the Supreme Court Bench in the US. Judges are appointed for life and hand-picked by the serving president. The nomination is later confirmed by a simple majority in the Senate. Vacancies are, therefore, few and far between. Many presidents complete their tenure without making a single appointment. Unless they are lucky, like Donald Trump, who nominated three Supreme Court justices and was able to get a Supreme Court bench that is predominantly conservative and upholds Republican values.