Kerala: CM Vijayan Launches Supplementary Textbooks Including Removed Portions By NCERT For Classes 11, 12

The Kerala Chief Minister launched supplementary textbooks for classes 11 and 12 which include the portions of history like the Mughal Empire period that the National Council of Educational Research and Training has removed from the textbooks of the students.

Kerala CM Pinarayi Vijayan

Kerala Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan on Wednesday launched supplementary books to include the lessons that NCERT removed from school textbooks recently. He criticised them claiming that the move was political and is rooted in hatred and animosity. 

A set of supplementary textbooks which includes the portions deleted by the National Council of Educational Research and Training, for classes 11 and 12 was launched on Wednesday.

After the launch, CM Vijayan spoke to the audience and said, "They removed the Mughal history to create a sense that this country belonged to a particular section and to create a sense among children that all other sections needed to be driven away from this country. It is essential to negate social truths to build a religious state, and that is what is being attempted. We have to be very cautious against such moves."

He further claimed that the objective of such a move was rooted in hatred and animosity and "adding that the proponents of a nation based on religion had a feeling that the rest of the things would be easier for them. So, extra vigil should be taken against such textbook reformations."

The attempt would change the social and historical perspective of the students and would put society in danger, which stands firm on the ideals of secularism and brotherhood, he reportedly said.

Purpose of the launch

Stating that the launch of these textbooks is very important to ensure that our children secure scientific and factual knowledge from schools, the chief minister said that "only then can we say that they received an excellent education."

The release of the supplementary textbooks is a move to achieve that goal, he said.

In the name of rationalisation, some key changes were made in the NCERT textbooks for the academic year 2023–24.

Some portions were completely avoided, citing the process, and Kerala and the state government are viewing the developments with the utmost seriousness. Because, as per their view, those deleted portions were the ones that could not be removed at any cost, the chief minister explained.

The supplementary textbooks were brought out after including those unavoidable portions in subjects like history, economics, political science, sociology, and so on, he said.

"NCERT is making many unilateral interventions in the education sector at the national level in the name of rationalisation," he charged.

Stating that primary education is the sole responsibility of the state governments, he said the Kerala government is coming out with the supplementary textbooks, shouldering the duty with utmost seriousness.

In 11 and 12 standards, 44 textbooks of the NCERT are being used. Naturally, the students studying in those classes would get portions selected and prepared by the NCERT with its "special interest", he said.

"It will change the social and historical outlook of the students and put our society, which stands firm on ideals of secularism and brotherhood, in danger," Vijayan alleged.

Though the NCERT claimed that the changes were made as per expert opinion, they were yet to reveal who those experts are, he said.

An educational policy that imparts scientific temper, gender awareness, and historical understanding is the need of the hour, he said.

But the stand taken by the authorities was to avoid those portions that uphold constitutional values like secularism, he alleged.

He pointed out that one of the deleted portions was with regard to Mahatma Gandhi's assassination. Everybody knows which outfits were behind the assassination of the Father of the Nation and what their ideology was, he said. Such portions were deleted not to simplify the textbooks but with political intention, he further alleged. The attempt of such reforms was to "whitewash" those individuals and outfits involved in Gandhi's assassination. There was no doubt that such authorities would make Gandhi's assassin Godse a great personality in the coming days, he further charged.

The recent riots, triggered in many parts of the country, re-emphasise the need to include the lessons of togetherness, brotherhood, and humanitarian values in the school textbooks, he said.

It is a matter of utmost seriousness. "If knowledge is to be used for social development, students should be able to understand history, science, and other such subjects with a rational mind," he said, adding that the supplementary textbooks would help with the same.

(With PTI inputs)