Monday, Sep 20, 2021

Nida Fazli, The Poet & His Poetry

Arguably one of the most prominent poets of our time, Nida Fazli will remain alive in his immortal poetry…

Nida Fazli, The Poet & His Poetry
Nida Fazli, The Poet & His Poetry

On the night of January 31, Nida Fazli and Wasim Barelvi shared the stage at Gorakhpur. Barelvi complained that the audience was barely visible because of a dense fog. Fazli responded promptly that once the poets start lighting candles of their verse, faces in the audience would light up.

Prof. Wasim Barelevi, a prominent contemporary poet, fondly remembers Nida Fazli, who passed away on February 8 in Mumbai and said that Fazli inspired optimism in faceless people, asking them to light up their earthen lamps from the setting sun. To understand life, in his words, one should listen to the language of love (ishq kije phir samajhiye zindagi kya cheez hai). "A pious human heart beats in all his verses. He will continue to live through his inspiring literary works," Barelvi tells Outlook.

Eminent Urdu poet and Film lyricist Dr. Rahat Indori recalls how Nida Fazli was equally admired and loved by both Hindi and Urdu knowing readers.  "Nida bhai once wrote Har aadmi mein hotay hain dus-bees aadmi, jis ko bhi dekhna ho kai baar dekhna… (there are ten-twenty men in every man, whoever you want to see, see him again and again). But Nida Fazli remained the same person in his poetry, prose and daily life. While writing some excellent songs for films, he kept making Urdu literature rich."

One of the finest poets of our times, Nida Fazli, unlike many of his overrated contemporaries, wrote in simple and direct language. "Like Kabir and Nazir Akbarabadi, his favourite poets, his poems reflected his first-hand experiences and observations and not just a play of words."

His poetry reflected complex concerns with astounding ease, recalls singer-composer Seema Anil Sehgal who has sung many of his ghazals.

Vrindavan ke Krishna Kanhaiya allah hoo,
bansi, radha, geeta, gaiya allah hoo !
Maulviyon ka sajda, pandit ki pooja,
mazdooron ki haiya-haiya allah hoo !

(Lord Krishna of Vrindavan God, Just He
Flute, Radha, geeta, cow, God, Just He
The prostration of the religious, the prayers of the priests,
The cries of the labourers, God, Just He)

Nida Fazli wrote in almost every format of poetry including ghazals, nazms, dohas and songs; some of his film songs have set a benchmark, breaking the notion that films have no space for literary excellence. TS Eliot, Gogol, Anton Chekhov, and Takasaki immensely inspired Nida Fazli. One of his favourite poets, Walt Whitman's observation that "the proof of a poet is that his country absorbs him as affectionately as he has absorbed it" he would often say.

He avoided Urdu spoken by "Sherwani wearing Mullahs" and Hindi spoken by "Dhoti clad Pandits.”" He chose a language which in the words of Gandhi Ji was "Hindustani" spoken by the common man on north Indian streets.

"Poetry is the art of showing the unseen part in what is being looked at," he would say and would approvingly quote Tagore who said, "one can write on everything from speck of dust to stars, provided one relates oneself with the subject."

I last met Nida Fazli during his last visit to Jammu some years ago where we had a long conversation. Though we stayed in touch over phone thereafter, it seems like yesterday as I can vividly recall his incisive views on a variety of issues:

We are like the sheep and shepherds: Our society is like a herd of sheep. The shepherds are smaller in number but the terror of the sticks they wield is far greater. Sheep are in large numbers but their religion has always been to follow the shepherds silently, wherever they go. The sheep have been following shepherds since centuries. The same God who has created the shepherd has created the sheep. Not obeying God's order would lead to hell, believe the sheep.

Har aik baat ko chup-chaap kyon suna jaaye,
Kabhi to hausla kar kay ' nahin' kaha jaaye!

(Why should one listen to every single thing silently?
At least sometimes one should muster courage and say 'no'!)

Have you ever reflected, he had asked with a twinkle in his eyes, how all religions have portrayed God as a benevolent dictator ? This, he added, had hampered the struggle of human beings for a just and equitable society. Whosoever challenges this order, he is snubbed and punished. "I have also been the target of ridicule for writing lines like these:

Ghar se masjid hai bahut door chalo yoon kar lein,
Kisi rotay huay bachchay ko hansaaya jay !

(The mosque is too far from home, so let's do this
Let's make a weeping child laugh)


Masjidain hain namazion kay liay,
Apnay ghar mein kahin Khuda rakhna!

(The mosque is for those who read namaz
Keep God somewhere is your home)

People of India and Pakistan, he felt, have similar and common problems. They want food, shelter, clothes, healthcare, education, good governance and infrastructure. People don't need temples, mosques and churches.

Jhoot likha hai sab, kitabon mein
Tera sach hai tere azaabon mein…

(All lies are written in the books
Your truth is your suffering)

"I follow the Sufi tradition because they brought God out of stone walls of temples. If we start ignoring Kabir and Amir Khusroo, soon we will soon have slogans like Naara-e-Taqbir and Har Har Mahadev echoing in every household."

Andar moorat par charday ghee, poori, mishtaan!
Bahar mandir kay khadaa ishwar maangay daan!!

Idols kept inside offered ghee, poori and sweets!
Outside the temple God begs for alms!


Bachcha bola dekh kar, masjid aalishaan!
Allah, tere aik to itna badaa makaan!!

A child upon seeing a mosque grand exclaimed,
God, you have such a big house!

He was caustic when reflecting on politics and society. "Economics rules politics. Today's politicians can't distinguish between Dawood and Ghalib, Chota Rajan and Munshi Premchand. Politicians don't want the common man to get education; they fear he would start questioning their actions like Ghalib: "yon hota to kya hota?”"

On partition and creation of Pakistan: Unfortunately, history of 5000 years was ignored and only a period of last 1300 years was taken into consideration when the country was divided. Religion was not the cause for partition; it was only a political tool," he reflected.

"In his first Presidential speech, Mohammad Ali Jinnah proclaimed Pakistan as secular country where no one would be discriminated against on the basis of religion, language, ethnicity and other similar factors. So, where was the need to divide the country? Unfortunately, Jinnah got enlightened only after lakhs of people were killed and rendered homeless, exactly the way Asoka embraced Buddhism only after lakhs of people had been slaughtered," he added with a wry smile.

Nida wrote after his first visit to Pakistan: 

Hindu bhi mazey mein hain Muslmaan bhi mazey mein
Insaan pareshan yahan bhi hai, wahan bhi !

(Hindus are having fun, so are Muslims,
People are worried here as well as there!)

When Sarabjit, an Indian imprisoned in Pakistan, was killed in a Pakistani jail and in retaliation, a Pakistani prisoner, Sanaullah was killed in Jammu jail here, Fazli wrote a poem in which referring to Sadaat Hasan Manto's well known character Toba Tek Singh, he declared,

Manto kay pagal khanay se nikla nahin abhi batwara

(Partition still hasn't left Manto's madhouse)

His anguish was apparent. India, he told me, is a country where a saint like Laleshwari Devi had Sheikh-ul-Allam as her disciple and which allowed an Indian singer Jagjit Singh to hold a concert in Pakistan to raise funds for medical treatment of Mehdi Hasan. But this legacy, he realised, was being threatened.

Koi Hindu, koi Muslim, koi Isaai hai
Sab nay, insaan na bannay ki kasam khaai hai...

(Someone is Hindu, someone is Muslim, someone is Christian
Everyone is hell bent on not becoming a human being)

Still he remained an incorrigible optimist. And despite the horrors of war, communal hatred and violence and cries for justice, he believed life is beautiful:

"When I see someone feeding pigeons in the morning or a baby smiling in her mother's lap or a full bright moon smiling over Taj Mahal, my faith in humanity gets stronger," he said with a laugh.

Nida, whose wife is Hindu, once wrote in an article for BBC Hindi website, "A bit of Hinduism, Islam, Buddhsim, Sikhism and Christianity is part of the upbringing of my daughter."

Despite having borne the brunt of being outspoken against communalism, divisive politics and social hypocrisy many a times, Nida—who wrote: 'Zuban mili hai magar humzuban nahi milta' (I have language but can't find someone who speaks the same) in a famous ghazal, remained a powerful voice of the voiceless all through his life.

Noted Urdu poet Ibrahim Ashq lamented on his facebook wall after Nida's funeral on February 8: Nida Fazli jaise Shair ko laawaris ki Tarah Qabrastaan main kyun Nahlaya Gaya? Koee Badi shakhsiyat bhi Shamil nahin huee? (Why was a poet like Nida Fazli bathed in the graveyard? Why did no important personality turn up at his funeral?)

Nevertheless, one of his ghazal in Insight—which is a collaborative musical album of Jagjit Singh and Nida Fazli, bears testimony to his conviction:

Badla na apnay aap ko jo thay wohi rahay,
Miltay rahay sabhi say magar ajnabi rahay!

(We didn't change ourselves, we remained who we were
We kept meeting people and yet remained strangers.)

One of his admirers, Adnan Mehdi Naqvi, posted on facebook : Sad, the dream of Hindustan for which you decided against migrating to Pakistan, could not turn to reality in your lifetime."

Munh ki baat sunay har koi, dil kay dard ko jaanay kaun,
Aavazon kay bazaron mein khamoshi pahchany kaun!

(Every one listens to what is being said, No one knows of the pain within
In a marketplace of noise, no one recognises silence)


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