ADULTERANTS: Germs, heavy metals, fluoride, chlorine, faecal matter, pesticides
EFFECTS: cholera, diarrhoea; fluorosis; liver and kidney damage, skin cancer, drop in sperm counts, high BP.
Cereals, pulses, spices
ADULTERANTS: Sand, marble chips, talc stone; kesri dal; imported toxic legumes
EFFECTS: sand and marble chips could cause dyspepsia, broken teeth. Kesri dal can paralyse the lower limbs.
Milk and milk products
ADULTERANTS:Contaminated water; soap solution and caustic soda; fungi; pesticides; residues of antibiotics
EFFECTS: cancer, convulsions, blurred vision, nausea, nervous disorders.
Packaged, tinned and canned products, chocolates, confectionaries
ADULTERANTS: Tin, lead, nickel, preservatives, toxins from plastics
EFFECTS: tin may cause headache, vomiting, and photophobia; lead may impair kidneys and arteries; excess nickel in chocolates can cause skin cancer; ptha-lates in plastics cause hormonal disorders.
Meat and meat products
ADULTERANTS: E coli, myco-toxins, residues of hormones and antibiotics, pathogens, pesticides, heavy metals
EFFECTS: food poisoning; liver damage; hormonal imbalances; cancer and other disorders.
Fruits and vegetables
ADULTERANTS: Pesticides, heavy metals, carbide gas
EFFECTS: cancer, convulsions, blurred vision, and nausea; cadmium could cause high BP, cancer and bone marrow disorders.
ADULTERANTS: Argemone seeds, castrol oil, rancid oils
EFFECTS: Argemone seeds could cause dropsy; castrol oil could damage the kidneys; rancid oils could cause vitamin deficiency.
Junk and street foods
ADULTERANTS: All kinds of pathogens, preservatives, tastemakers, excess sodium, non-permitted colours
EFFECTS: stomach disorders; cancer; non-permitted colours may damage bones, eyes, testicles, ovaries.
ADULTERANTS: Pesticides, preservatives, asbestos, tin.
EFFECTS: asbestos in juices could cause stomach cancer.
Sweets and honey
ADULTERANTS: Non-permitted colours such as lead chromate, colour textile dyes like metanil yellow. Artificial sweeteners; aluminium foils
EFFECTS: cancer, liver damage, stomach disorders.
ADULTERATION-HOW IT STACKS UP: Ghee, vanaspati 18%, Cereals 11.6%, Sweets 12.2%, Milk 14.3%, Spices 16.5%, Oils 18%, Milk products 7%