February 28, 2020
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The Bodo Wars

A backgrounder -- the who, what, why, how, when etc

The Bodo Wars
The Bodo Wars
  • The Bodos are an ethnic group and are mainly present in the districts adjoining the foothills of Bhutan in western Assam and parts of northern Assam. They speak Bodo, a Tibeto-Burman language written in the Devanagri script. According to the 2001 census, their population is 1.29 million.

  • Marginalised politically and socio-economically, the Bodos struggled for self-determination in the late ’80s under the leadership of Upendra Nath Brahma of the All Bodo Students Union (ABSU). This ended with the February 1993 Bodo Accord between Delhi and the ABSU. But peace was short-lived as violent factions such as the Bodo Liberation Tigers continued fighting.

  • Another accord was signed in 2003 with BLT, supported by ABSU, under which Bodos got three new districts to form the Bodoland Territorial Council— a politico-administrative structure with a yearly budget allocation of Rs 100 cr

  • However, NDFB, formed in 1986, still presses for an independent homeland and is the major active Bodo militant group. It has officially been part of a truce since May 25, 2005.
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