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The 14 Spokes Of A Revolution

Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Tripura, Nagaland, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Bihar, Tamil Nadu, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh.

The 14 Spokes Of A Revolution
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Assam

United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA)

Started: 1979
Cadre strength:
2,500
Objective:
Independent Assam
Leadership:
Paresh Baruah, commander-in-chief (armed wing); Arabinda Rajkhowa, chairman (political wing)
Area of operation:
Entire Assam, very strong in Tinsukhia, Dibrugarh, Nalbari, Nagaon and Kamrup districts
si

National Democratic Front of Bodoland

Started: 1986
Cadre strength:
3,500
Objective:
Independent Bodoland in areas north of the Brahmaputra
Leadership:
Ranjan Daimary, president
Area of operation:
Dhubri, Kokrajhar, Bongaigaon, Barpeta, Darrang, Sonitpur, Kamrup and Nalbari districts of Assam

Manipur

United Nationalist Liberation Front

Started: 1964, armed wing set up in 1990
Cadre strength:
1,500
Objective:
Independent, socialist Manipur
Leadership:
R.K. Meghen, chairman
Area of operation:
Imphal valley and areas on the Myanmar-Manipur border

People’s Liberation Army (PLA)

Started: 1978
Cadre strength:
1,500
Objective:
Liberated Northeast
Leadership:
Irengbam Chaoren, chairman
Area of operation:
Imphal valley
Other outfits:
Kanglei Yawol Kunna Lup

Meghalaya

Hynniewtrep National Liberation Council (HNLC)

Started: 1992
Cadre strength:
200
Objective:
To make Meghalaya the exclusive domain of the Khasi tribe
Leadership:
Julius Dorphang, chairman
Area of operation:
Khasi hills of Meghalaya
Other outfits:
Achik National Volunteers Council (ANVC)

Tripura

National Liberation Front of Tripura (NLFT) (two factions)

Cadre strength: 1,500
Objective:
Secure independent Tripura
Leadership:
One faction headed by Nayanbasi Jamatiya, the other by Biswamohan Debbarma
Area of operation:
Entire Tripura
Other outfits:
All Tripura Tigers Force (ATTF)

Nagaland

National Socialist Council of Nagaland

Started: 1980. Splits in 1988.
Cadre strength:
2,000
Objective:
Formation of Greater Nagaland based on Mao’s ideology
Leadership:
Isak Chisi Swu, chairman, Th. Muivah, general secretary
Area of operation:
Four districts of Manipur—Ukhrul, Senapati, Chandel and Tamengong and entire Nagaland and Tirap and Changlang districts of Arunachal Pradesh
Other outfits: NSCN-K (Khaplang faction)

West Bengal

Kamtapur Liberation Organisation

Started: 1995
Cadre strength:
500
Objective:
Carve out a separate state out of western Assam and north Bengal for the Koch Rajbongshi people
Leadership:
Jiban Sinha, Tom Adhikary
Area of operation:
Cooch Behar, Jalpaiguri, Darjeeling, north and south Dinajpur, Malda
Other outfits: Peoples’ War (PW)
Cadre strength: 5,000 Area of operation: Midnapore and Bankura

Andhra Pradesh

Peoples’ War (PW)

Started: 1976 as PWG, became PW in 1991
Objective:
Liberation through revolution
Cadre strength:
1,300
Leadership:
Mupalla Laxmana Rao alias Ganapathi, Naballa Keshav Rao alias Ganganna
Area of operation:
North Telangana and around

Chhattisgarh

Peoples’ War (PW)

Started: 1976 as PWG, became PW in 1991
Objective:
Liberation through revolution
Cadre strength:
2,500
Leadership:
Nagesh alias Naresh Dorla
Area of operation:
Bastar

Maharashtra

Peoples’ War (PW)

Started: 1976 as PWG, became PW in 1991
Cadre strength:
300
Leadership:
Vikas Anna, Satyanna Bhupathi
Area of operation:
Gadchiroli, and Chandrapur

Students Islamic Movement of India (SIMI)

Started: 1977
Objective: Militant fight against persecution of Muslim community
Cadre strength: 20,000 plus, including in UP
Leadership: Saquib Nachen, Adil Khotal
Area of operation: Mumbai, Bhiwandi, Kalyan, Thane, Mumbhra, Pune, Hingoli, Solapur

Orissa

Peoples’ War (PW)

Started: 1976
Cadre strength:
200
Leadership:
Run by Andhra-based leaders
Area of operation:
Koraput, Malkangiri, Gajapati, Raygada, Mayurbhanj

Bihar

Maoist Communist Centre (MCC)

Started: 1972
Objective:
Liberation through revolution
Cadre strength:
701
Leadership:
Pramod Mishra
Area of operation:
Patna, Aurangabad, Gaya, Jehanabad/Arwal, Nawada
Other outfits: PW, Ranvir Sena

Tamil Nadu

Tamil Nadu Liberation Army (TNLA)

Started: 1985
Objective:
Liberate Tamils from Indian Union
Cadre strength:
20-50
Leadership:
Suba Ilavarasan

Jharkhand

Peoples’ War (Leader: Jaggan Singh)
MCC (Leader: Nathu Mistry)

Uttar Pradesh

SIMI (president: Dr Shahid Badr Falahi; Gen Secretary: Safdar Nagori)

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