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Time Line

Recent History Of Afghanistan

An overview of the turbulent times...

Recent History Of Afghanistan
Recent History Of Afghanistan
outlookindia.com
-0001-11-30T00:00:00+05:53
  • 1973 Mohammed Daoud assumes the Presidency of Afghanistan after a military coup, abolishes the monarchy. King Zahir Shah sent into exile. br>
  • 1974-1978 Opposition to Daoud increases among a range of Islamic and Communist factions. br>
  • Apr 1978 Daoud assassinated and replaced by a junta led by Nur Mohammed Taraki/Hafizullah Amin.
  • Dec 1979 Soviet troops invade Afghanistan, instal friendly government
  • 1980-1989 Armed mujahideen groups fight Soviet and government forces; hundreds of thousands of Afghans die in the struggle, millions become refugees.
  • 1986 President Mohammed Najibullah takes office
  • 1988 Geneva Accords signed, outlining a plan for the withdrawal of Soviet troops
  • Feb 1989 Soviet troops withdraw from Afghanistan
  • Feb 1989-Apr 1992 Increased conflict between government and opposition forces
  • Apr 1992 President Najibullah is replaced by a four-member council under a UN plan
  • Late Apr 1992 An interim government led by Professor Sibghatollah Mojadidi takes power
  • Jun 1992 An interim government led by Burhanuddin Rabbani takes office
  • Dec 1992 Rabbani is elected President, Gulbuddin Hekmatyar Prime Minister, and Ahmad Shah Masood becomes Minister of Defence
  • 1992 to early 1995 Fighting spreads to all major cities as the Shura-e-Nezar (Supervisor Council) and the Shura-e Hamahangi (Supreme Coordination Council) compete for control.
  • Sept 27, 1996 The Taliban gains control of Kabul. Najibullah and his brother, Shahpur Ahmedzi, executed.
  • Late 1996 - early 1997 Militia leaders Dostum and Rabbani, along with Hezb-e-Wahadat and Harkat-e-Islami factions form Northern Alliance to resist the Taliban. The Taliban, however, continue to make gains, conquer Kandahar, Herat, and Jalalabad.
  • May 1997 Dostum goes into exile in Turkey following his general, Malik Pehelwan's defection to the Taliban. Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, UAE recognise Taliban regime.
  • Sept 1997 Dostum returns to his stronghold, Mazar-e-Sharif, with strong backing from Uzbekistan.
  • Aug 8,1998 Taliban captures Mazar-e-Sharif
  • Aug 20, 1998 US Cruise missiles strike Afghanistan in response to terrorist attacks by Osama bin Laden on US facilities in Tanzania, Kenya.
  • Aug 1998. Taliban military advances. Iranian diplomats and ethnic Hazaras massacred by Taliban troops.
  • Feb 1999 The Taliban rules out bin Laden's extradition on US' demand, claims he's missing.
  • Dec 2000 The UN Security Council imposes stricter sanctions on Afghanistan.
  • Mar 2001 Bamiyan's famous Buddha statues destroyed by Taliban.
  • Sept 2001 Ahmed Shah Masood killed.
  • Sept 2001 USA declares war on Afghanistan after Taliban refuses to hand over Osama bin Laden
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