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Tuesday, Oct 26, 2021
Outlook.com

Is There Life Without A Veto?

India pegs back UNSC dreams to a non-permanent seat

Is There Life Without A Veto?
AP
Is There Life Without A Veto?
outlookindia.com
-0001-11-30T00:00:00+05:53
In December-end '06, New Delhi sent instructions to its permanent mission in New York to make known India's intention to contest elections for a non-permanent seat in the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) in October 2010. The directive went to other missions in the world capitals as well and is the clearest signal of New Delhi coming around to the view that since a permanent seat in an expanded UNSC isn't likely to materialise in the near future, it's worthwhile contesting in the non-permanent category. In 2005, the five permanent members, notably US and China, effectively blocked a bid by India, Japan, Germany and Brazil (the G-4) to expand the UNSC and have themselves included in it. Since then, the G-4's collective ardour for permanent seats hasn't been as visible as before, although government sources say confabulations and conferences pertaining to the issue continue apace.

The last time India won a seat in the non-permanent category was in 1990, holding it for two years till 1992. Thereafter, it lost the stomach to contest elections for a seat following the disastrous drubbing in 1996, when India managed just about 40 votes as against over 140 votes for Japan.

UNSC members other than the five permanent ones—US, UK, France, China, Russia—are elected by the General Assembly for a two-year term. Typically, the terms start on January 1. The process of choosing members to represent the five regions of the world (Asia, Africa, Latin America and Caribbean islands, Western Europe and others including Eastern Europe) is a complicated process involving a modicum of consensus within the region over the country to be backed for the non-permanent seat. There are 10 such seats, five of which are up for grabs every year in a rolling election process. Coincidentally, the decision to contest was taken after Prime...
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