The promulgation of three ordinances, undertaken to push through holistic agriculture reforms, will provide freedom of choice to both farmers and buyers to sell and buy across the country and that too without licensing barriers for better price realisation for the farmers. The Agricultural Produce Market Committees (APMCs) Act has geographical restrictions as the farmers can sell their scheduled market surplus only at fixed market places, which can be either the markets operated by market committees or private markets or warehousing, cold storages, silos declared as deemed markets or the notified places of direct marketing licensee. In these places also the purchase is by licensed trader. The licensed buyer on the other hand is free to sell to anyone anywhere. These constraints hindering the development of “one nation one market” for agricultural produce shall be removed.
The new reforms will not only create competition but will also make the APMCs more efficient. The holistic approach to reforms will also encourage investment in developing value chain infrastructure by new investors in the states due to a liberalised atmosphere. This will eventually lead to value addition, reduction in post-harvest losses, improvement in agriculture share in GDP leading to more rural employment, thus ultimately motivating states to come on board to support the consolidated measures.