Thursday, Dec 09, 2021
Outlook.com
health: polio campaign

Drop By Drop

UP, Bihar drive polio out, says WHO report

Drop By Drop
Narendra Bisht
Drop By Drop
outlookindia.com
-0001-11-30T00:00:00+05:53

The Immunity Race

  • The endemic western UP region, epicentre of all polio outbreaks, remained free of P1 for a record one-and-a-half years till mid-2008
  • Bihar recorded only 3 new cases of the P1 virus in 2008
  • New injectible polio vaccine (IPV) to be used to eradicate the disease

***

India may still be a few years from becoming polio-free, but good news is in from UP and Bihar. The latest epidemiological data suggest that transmission of the P1 virus from the core endemic area of western UP has stopped and the area itself has remained free of the virus for a record year-and-a-half till mid-2008. Bihar, in turn, has reported just three cases of polio last year, and this is being considered an all-time low.

The data, published in a World Health Organisation (WHO) report for the Indian government, state that "UP interrupted P1 transmission during late 2006 early 2007 following intensive immunisation rounds using the more efficacious monovalent oral polio vaccine type 1 (moPV1). These results are owing to intensified efforts by the government in the aftermath of the 2006 outbreak, when 676 cases of polio were registered, of which 648 were of the P1 virus."

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