Advertisement
Monday, Sep 27, 2021
Outlook.com

Death And Disgrace

Leaders of all Five Republics were ousted from power

Death And Disgrace
Death And Disgrace
outlookindia.com
-0001-11-30T00:00:00+05:53

ALL the leaders of South Korea's first Five Republics were forced out of power in disgrace or met with violent deaths.

The First Republic, which began in 1948, came to an end after 12 years, with the exile of the then president Syngman Rhee to Hawaii. Robert E. Bedeski, author of the book The Transformation of South Korea, says the contribution of Rhee in creating a modern state was undeniable, but his use of corrupt methods and force against rivals damaged prospects for democracy. Facing electoral defeat in 1960, Rhee rigged the polls, sparking off popular demonstrations which forced him to resign.

 The Second Republic emerged soon afterwards, but civilian rule was aborted by a military coup in 1961, and former army generals ruled till the end of Roh Tae Woo's term in 1993.

 The Hwarang warrior elite in Korea formed the core of the military and enjoyed much status and power in society. Martial law and a ban on political parties followed the coup of May 1961. But facing widespread demonstrations and discontent, the military junta...

Advertisement

Outlook Newsletters

Advertisement

Read More from Outlook

'Desperately Seeking Shah Rukh': How King Khan Impacted Women's Aspirations In India

'Desperately Seeking Shah Rukh': How King Khan Impacted Women's Aspirations In India

Author Shrayana Bhattacharya has been investigating women's employment across different sectors and found how, Shah Rukh Khan had an impact beyond Bollywood films.

UP Cabinet Expansion: Half A Dozen MLAs Likely To Take Oath, Backward And SC Fraternity May Get Preference

UP Cabinet Expansion: Half A Dozen MLAs Likely To Take Oath, Backward And SC Fraternity May Get Preference

The number of votes of backward and SC/ST fraternities in the state is very high and that is the primary reason why BJP is giving preference to them.

'Sixth-Time Lucky' For Harshal Patel

'Sixth-Time Lucky' For Harshal Patel

RCB bowler removed Hardik Patel, Kieron Pollard and Rahul Chahar off successive deliveries to claim a hat-trick.

Cyclone Gulaab Likely To Make Landfall By Midnight, Red Alert In 7 Odisha Districts

Cyclone Gulaab Likely To Make Landfall By Midnight, Red Alert In 7 Odisha Districts

Cyclone ‘Gulaab’ is likely to move westwards and cross the north Andhra Pradesh-south Odisha coast around. Wind speeds could reach 75-85 km/hr, gusting up to 95 km/hr, during landfall.

Advertisement