- The district owes its name to a Gautam Rajput prince who converted to Islam and became Azam Shah in 1665
- Azamgarh is famous for its handwoven Benarasi sari
- Home to many famous Urdu poets like Iqbal Suhail, Kaifi Azmi and Allahmah Shibli
- A seat of higher learning, the Shibli Academy, is located here. It possesses a wealth of authenticated documents dating back to the 16th century.
- The district is also the home of the renowned Madrassa-tul-Falah and Madrassa-tul-Islahi
- Out of 54 recent terror strikes, 44 are said to have links here
- Dawood's wife hails from Saraimir block. Haji Mastan's two daughters were married here. Abu Salem is a native.
- Since the '70s, it's witnessed an exodus to Gulf countries. This means huge foreign remittances, including terror funds.
- Contract killings in Mumbai, including that of music tycoon Gulshan Kumar, executed by Azamgarh shooters
- Bhamol block is known as an illegal firearms hub
- One of the poorest districts, 70% children malnourished
***Nearly 90 kilometres north of Varanasi lies Azamgarh, sitting on the same axis as Gorakhpur, Jaunpur and Mirzapur, a town founded by a Gautam Rajput prince who embraced Islam and took the name Azam Shah in 1665. Centuries later, Azamgarh once again faces a crisis of faith, in conflict with its past as well as the many identities that have sprung up over time. A town of poets, intellectuals, famed handloom weavers and merchants, it has now been branded by the "terror" tag—something reinforced with every shrill headline and soundbite.