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Friday, Dec 03, 2021
Outlook.com
Lighting A Fire

A City Coveted, Contested

It is a town that has been fought over 16 times in its history, destroyed twice, besieged 23 times, attacked 52 times and captured and recaptured 44 times

A City Coveted, Contested
A City Coveted, Contested
outlookindia.com
2017-12-16T11:09:22+05:30

  • 1000 BC King David conquers Jerusalem, declares it the capital city of Jewish Kingdom; his son King Solomon builds the first Jewish temple in 960 BC
  • 586 BC As the Jewish kingdom starts weakening after Solomon’s death, it is subjected to attack from various other forces; subsequently, the city is destroyed and the Jewish temple demolished by the Babylonian army.

  • 539 BC Cyrus the Great conquers the Babylonian empire, including Jerusalem, allows exiled Jews to return to city and build the Second Temple
  • 37 BC King Herod restructures Second Temple, adds retaining walls but subsequently in AD 30, Romans crucify Jesus in Jerusalem.
  • AD 70 Roman forces destroy and demolish the Second Temple; rebuilds Jerusalem as a Roman city
  • AD 335 Church of Holy Sepulchre is built by Byzantine Christians; Persians capture the city in 614; though in 629 the Byzantines recapture Jerusalem from Persians
  • AD 638 As Caliph Umar I enters Jerusalem, the city comes under Muslim rule and for the next four centuries is ruled by the Umayyad and then by the Abassid dynasties. The Dome of the Rock is built on site of the destroyed Jewish temple in 691.
  • 1099 The First Crusaders capture Jerusalem, but in 1187 Saladin recaptures the city from the Crusaders. Though Crusaders recapture it briefly twice afterwards, it remains mostly under Muslim rule. In 1250, the Caliph destroys the city walls, leading to a rapid decline in population.
  • 1516 Jerusalem is captured by the Ottomans and in 1538 under Suleiman the Magnificient’s rule the walls of Jerusalem is rebuilt.
  • 1917 The British defeats the Ottoman armies during the First World War and capture the city;  Jerusalem remains under a British mandate for the next few decades
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