Pachmarhi Silk Seed Unit was established in 1968 with an aim to conserve and breed Mulberry silkworms,
Pachmarhi Silk Seed Unit was established in 1968 with an aim to conserve and breed Mulberry silkworms,which later expanded to the breeding of Tussar, Muga and Eri silkworms. It is the only silk unit in the state of Madhya Pradesh where Muga silkworms breed. The unit provides raw material to Hoshangabad and other weaving units across Madhya Pradesh for further silk production. The unit is covered with large green fields of host plants for the four types of silkworms. Host plants include mulberry, castor plants for eri silk worms, som plants for muga silk worms and arjun trees for the tussar silkworms. The fields are connected by one single road which is called Silk Trek where tourists can go and see the host plant fields and early phase of production.
The silk-making process includes various steps: raising silkworms and harvesting cocoons, thread extraction, dyeing, spinning, weaving and, finally, binding. Silkworms, which are the larvae of a moth, spin a cocoon of fine, strong, lustrous fiber, which is later processed for commercial silk products.
The unit also has a retail store named Prakrit run by the Madhya Pradesh Silk Federation, which sells beautiful Tussar, Muga, Eri and Mulberry silk weaves. Madhya Pradesh Silk Federation is an initiative which bridges the gap between the producer and the market; it helps producers to market the silk products at competitive prices with certification.