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Know About Mango Tree Grafting

Ever wondered if you can pluck different varieties of mangoes off a single tree in your backyard? Or whether your tree can bear fruit earlier than the years-of-wait? Grafting may well be the answer.

March 22, 2021

Mango tree grafting can be done in a one or two-year-old plant or an older tree as well (called the mother plant).

Photograph by Sanjeev Chowdhury

Wild mangoes are smaller and less pulpy. You can get such mango trees in any forest. You need to select one mature tree and then graft it with a hybrid mango of your choice… say Alphonso, Payri, or Kesar… or any variety popular in your area.

Photograph by Sanjeev Chowdhury

After some time, you will notice the leaves and then, small buds sprouting on top. Then you need to cut the mother plant around the top – about two feet from graft.

Photograph by Sanjeev Chowdhury

Now, for a little over a year, you need to keep a watch if there is any growth apart from the graft. If you notice any such growth, it needs to be snipped. All the energy of the mother plant needs to be directed at the graft.

Photograph by Sanjeev Chowdhury

Thus, no other growth can be allowed on it; the only growth should be of the graft. And in about three years or so, it should bear fruit.

Photograph by Sanjeev Chowdhury

If you put a hybrid plant directly in soil, it will take longer to bear fruit. A wild variety or tree will grow faster and requires less attention than the hybrid.

Photograph by Sanjeev Chowdhury

When we plant a tree in the garden, we need to take all care like proper watering, application of fertilisers and pesticides, etc. Still they sometimes wither. But plants growing locally or in the wild do not need much care.

Photograph by Sanjeev Chowdhury

The reason is that any hybrid plant needs to adapt itself to the environment. But when grafted properly with a local plant, it adapts itself faster. Mango grafting should not be done during peak summer. The best time is just before or after monsoon when it is cooler.

Photograph by Sanjeev Chowdhury

In Maharashtra, around Ratnagiri region, Alphonso grows in abundance. Nearer Mumbai, varieties of Payri, Kesar and Totapuri are grown more.

Photograph by Sanjeev Chowdhury

The best part is that using one mother plant, you can grow two-three varieties of mangoes. Thus, you can pluck Alphonso Payri, Kesar and Totapuri from the same tree. But when grafting for the first time you need to consult an expert.

Photograph by Sanjeev Chowdhury