In Colonial India, the process of creating a civilian intelligence agency started only after the 1872 killing of the highest colonial official. In independent India, SPG and NSG were created only after the 1984 Indira Gandhi assassination, writes Vapalla Balachandran.
A study of terrorism history reveals that terrorist groups operating in terror ravaged areas like Syria, Iraq or Afghanistan indulge in 'destructive' and 'escalating' competition to wrest tactical advantage.
The struggle for 'space' in Afghanistan in future will not merely be between the Taliban and the moderate Ashraf Ghani-Abdullah Abdullah government but also involve other militant groups like Islamic State, who could pose serious threats to Indian interests, writes V Balachandran.
It is true that criminals are used by intelligence and crime agencies all over the world to collect information. However, checking them not to exceed their brief is the most difficult responsibility, writes Vappala Balachandran.