Let's Celebrate India's Unesco World Heritage Sites

Let's Celebrate India's Unesco World Heritage Sites
India boasts of 38 Unesco world heritage sites, Photo Credit: Shutterstock

Did you know about all 38 of them?

Roop Sawhney
November 25 , 2019
31 Min Read
 
 
 
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Agra Fort
Home to the emperors of the Mughal Dynasty, the Agra Fort has seen a fair share of history and has become a common tourist spot in Agra.

 
 
 
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Ajanta Caves
With ornate carvings and meticulous structure, these rock-cut Buddhist caves date back to almost 2nd century BCE.

The Unesco heritage site boasts of stupas, shrines and viharas

Archaeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara
This Unesco World Heritage Site houses the remains of a monastic and scholastic institution and comprises of stupas, shrines and viharas.

 
 
 
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Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi
The last few vestiges of monuments dedicated to Buddhism in Sanchi form this Unesco site.

It houses 11 different types of buildings

Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park
Housing 11different types of buildings including mosques, temples, granaries and wells, this archaeological park dates back to almost 400 CE.

 
 
 
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Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus
Formerly known as the Victoria Terminus, this building is a delight to look at as it lights up in the evenings. Did you know, Rudyard Kipling’s father supervised the construction of the exterior of this station?

Architecturally beautiful churches are a common site in Goa

Churches and Convents of Goa
Characterised by gorgeous stained glass windows and Baroque art, these are a set of religious monuments that consist of the likes of the Church of Bom Jesus.

Most temples here are dedicated to Lord Shiva

Elephanta Caves
A collection of cavernous temples dedicated to Lord Shiva, the Elephanta caves date back to almost 2nd century BCE and were first occupied by Hinayana Buddhists.

 
 
 
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Ellora Caves
These monolithic caves in the Aurangabad feature a chariot shaped monument dedicated to Lord Shiva and boast of artwork from the 600-1000 CE period.

This site dates back to the Mughal era

Fatehpur Sikri
Built by Emperor Akhbar the complex of temples and monuments houses one of the largest mosques in India, the Jama Masjid.

 
 
 
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Chola Temples
Built by the Chola kings in Tamil Nadu, the temples boast of magnificent carvings.

Hampi also houses the first open air museum

Group of Monuments at Hampi
One of the most prominent Unesco workd heritage sites, Hampi is a an absolute paradise for history lovers.

 
 
 
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Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram
The monuments at Mahabalipuram are known for their carved temples and rock cut caves.

 
 
 
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Group of Monuments at Pattadakal
Situated on the banks of the Malaprabha River, most temples and monuments in the city of crown rubies is dedicated to Lord Shiva.

 
 
 
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Hill Forts of Rajasthan
This Unesco site comprises of six majestic forts including the Chittorgarh and Kumbalgarh forts.

It is one of the two cities to be in the Unesco world heritage sites list in India

Historic City of Ahmadabad
One of the only two cities in the Unesco World Heritage Sites list in India, the city boasts of a rich culture, heritage and magnificent architecture.

 
 
 
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Humayun's Tomb
One of the most famous tourist attractions in Delhi, the Humayun’s tomb was built in 1570 and was the first garden tomb in India.

 
 
 
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Jaipur City
Steeped in culture, the Pink City houses the Hawa Mahal which is one of the most famous palaces in the country.

Khajuraho temple carvings are perhaps the most famous in India

Khajuraho Group of Monuments
Replete with gorgeous carvings and sculptures, the temples at this Unesco Heritage Site were built during the Chandella dynasty.

 
 
 
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The Mahabodhi Temple, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is an ancient Buddhist temple in Bodh Gaya. . . The Mahabodhi Temple is located at the place where Lord Buddha said to have attained enlightenment. . . The first temple was built by Emperor Ashoka in the 3rd century B.C., and the present temple dates from the 5th or 6th centuries. It is one of the earliest Buddhist temples built entirely with brick, still standing in India, from the late Gupta period. . . #buddhism #lordbuddha #mahabodhitemple #buddha #bodhgaya #gaya #templearchitecture #indian #architecture #culture #heritage #hinduism #jainism #unesco #unescoworldheritage #bihar #india

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Mahabodhi Temple Complex
One of the four holy sites dedicated to the life of Lord Buddha, the first temple in the complex dates back to 3rd century BCE.

India has the second largest rail network in the world

Mountain Railways of India
Indian railways Is the second largest rail network in the world and the largest in Asia. This Unesco Heritage Site includes three railways, The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, the Nilgiri Mountain Railway and the Kalka Shimla Railway.

 
 
 
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Qutub Minar and its Monuments
The red sandstone towers stands at a staggering height of 72.5 metres and is one of the most popular tourists spots in Delhi.  

 
 
 
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Rani-ki-Vav 
The step well was built in the form of an inverted temple to depict the sanctity of water and is divided into seven levels of stairs.

 
 
 
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Red Fort Complex
An excellent example of Mughal architecture, the Red Fort is another popular tourist spot. Did you know that the Red Fort was initially white?

These caves are known for their prehistoric cave paintings

Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka
These caves exhibit the earliest traces of human life in India.

 
 
 
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Konark Sun Temple
One of the most iconic temple structures in the country, legend has it that the iron statue of the sun god used to float mid-air before it was destroyed by the Portuguese.

 
 
 
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Taj Mahal
Made entirely of white marble, the Taj Mahal continues to be a popular tourist attraction for both national and international visitors.

 
 
 
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Complexe du Capitole
Constructed by Le Corbusier the Unesco Heritage Site is an example of geometric and modern architecture and comprises of three buildings, three monuments and a lake.  

 
 
 
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The Jantar Mantar
This astronomical observation site houses 19 instruments to measure time and predict eclipses among other things.

The 20th century Art Deco buildings also consist of Eros Cinema

Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensembles of Mumbai
A collection of Victorian Neo Gothic public buildings and 20th century Art Deco buildings in the Fort area of Mumbai, it includes the Bombay High Court and the University of Mumbai among others.

Besides flora and fauna it also houses many rivers and streams

Great Himalayan National Park Conservation Area
Situated in the heart of Kullu valley, this national park houses a variety of different species of flora and fauna.  

 
 
 
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Kaziranga National Park
This Unesco site is home to 80 percent of India’s rhino population.

The park is home to over 300 species of birds

Keoladeo National Park
Located in Rajasthan, this national park is home to over 300 species of migratory and non-migratory birds.

The national park is home to many endangered species

Manas Wildlife Sanctuary
Characterized by rich flora and fauna this national park situated at the foothills of the Himalayas is home to many endangered species including the tiger and pygmy hog among others.

The valley is known for its picturesque views

Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks
This national park comprises of the Nanda Devi peak, which is the highest peak situated entirely within India.

 
 
 
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Sundarbans National Park
This Unesco site is home to the largest population of the royal Bengal tiger.

One of the biggest mountain ranges in India

Western Ghats
Also known as the Great Escarpment of India, the mountain range covers an area of 1,40,000 square kilometres. 

This national park houses the third highest mountain peak in the world

Khangchendzonga National Park
Located in the state of Sikkim, this national park has rich cultural diversity and houses various valleys, lakes, plains and glaciers. It also includes the world’s third highest peak, Mount Khangchendzonga. 

Read | Which Unesco World Heritage Site in Delhi Should You Visit This Winter?


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