Finding out that you are about to become parents means a bag of mixed feelings. First-time parents are excited, those with experience are anxious and somewhat prepared for the drill. Preparing for parenthood is not about enrolling into parenting workshops or visits to the doctor for ultrasound or listening to advise from all those who have been through parenthood. Mumbai-based couple Rinku and Dhaval Bhalala became parents for the first time a few months ago; the feeling is still sinking in. “We are excited and at the same time realize that it is a huge responsibility,” they state in unison.
Preparing for parenthood isn’t just tiny clothes, ultrasounds, painting the house pink or blue; it involves a lot of financial preparation. Yes, through the course of pregnancy and childbirth, you would have learned enough medical jargon to know what is antenatal, EDD, fibroids and more. You will know about growth chart, the important milestones in the first year and so on. But, in the midst of all of these, you definitely should pay attention to your family’s financial well-being. Tax benefits, child savings plan, and emergency funds for children are equally important, if not more.
Actually, however one may plan for it, one can not exactly be ready when it comes to bringing up a child. But, with some careful planning, chances are that you will be able to cope emotionally and financially through this life-changing experience. “Costs of crèche, nursery, and day-care facilities have skyrocketed, hence planning for this in advance is also important in addition to an emergency fund created both for the child and parents to shield against job loss, medical emergencies during the first year of childbirth,” advices, Dilshad Billimoria, director, Dilzer Consultants.
For most parents, the first brush with costs is the pre-natal medical procedures that one has to undergo. “During my pregnancy, medicines, medical tests and doctor visits added up to `25,000,” recounts Rinku. If one opts for any of the delivery packages offered by hospitals, the costs could range anywhere from `30,000 upwards, depending on the hospital and the available package. She had to undergo a C-section, which cost `55,000 for the delivery. “This was among the lowest priced package as we opted for the delivery at a general hospital. My husband had a Mediclaim Policy from his work which covered maternity cost,” she recounts.
The costs do not end with just the delivery. There are costs related to vaccinations, medicines as the child grows and include changes in your household budget too. The need for maids, house-helps, and assistance in the initial phase may be supported by family members, but a growing child opens up a completely different set of expenses, which should be factored in, lest one is taken in by surprise. It is best to speak to those who have been through parenting in recent times to know what’s essential and what can be categorized as optional.
“If you are not financially prepared, don’t plan for second pregnancy. You and your baby shouldn’t face financial related problems,” advices Neha Davda. The mother of two daughters had her second one earlier this year, eight years after her first daughter was born. “I wanted my older daughter to be able to manage on her own before deciding to go for the second child,” she adds. Many parents swear by planning for pregnancy so that they are emotionally and financially ready for children. When it comes to children, the reality is that they would depend financially on you for a good two decades before they start their careers.
Not saving enough money before you are planning to go for the second child is the biggest mistake. Agrees Anil Singh, chief actuarial officer, Aditya Birla Sun Life Insurance: “It is important to have separate investment planning to take care of the financial needs of the second child. Inadequate life insurance is another money mistake one should avoid. With a second child comes increased set of responsibilities, therefore it is very important to have adequate insurance to completely secure the future of both your children.”
“I had never taken insurance earlier, but after our second daughter was born, I couldn’t undermine the importance of medical insurance and opted for a floater policy, which would cover the entire family,” recounts Neha. Childbirth is a stage in life which brings in additional responsibilities and it is a good time to re-evaluate the life insurance needs of both the spouse and take adequate life cover. Especially, in cases where the mother is planning for a career break, the financial implications of maternity leave and a shift from double to single income shouldn’t leave you in troubled waters.
The importance of life insurance has become very crucial as it increases with the size of your family, along with increasing list of financial responsibilities as well as emotional ones. Says Anurag Rastogi, head – Retail Underwriting and Claims, HDFC ERGO: “The cost of pregnancy has risen due to the high incidence of cesarean section deliveries and treatment at super-specialty hospitals. In order to meet the cost of child-rearing and the expenses related to pregnancy, an insurance policy covering maternity becomes an integral part of an individual’s financial planning.”
There are few benefits that you should be aware of to make use of during pregnancy. For instance, in case of working women, it is important to find out the maternity benefits that are offered by their employers. According to the amendment to the Maternity Benefit, working women are entitled to a minimum of 26 weeks maternity leave with pay. Further, an establishment which has more than 50 employees needs to create a crèche facility for the working mother within the premises of the workplace. There are other conveniences provided to mothers such as Flexi timings and work from home, wherever it is possible.
Most organizations offer group medical insurance, in which maternity is also covered. “We were lucky to have the group medical cover because most of the maternity bill was paid by the policy,” explains Dhaval. The couple had run up a delivery bill of about `55,000, which was almost fully paid by the insurer. These days, there are individual policies which also cover maternity after a few years of waiting; if you are looking to start a family, opt for such a policy as early in life as you can.
Such a health insurance policy is a must have these days, given the rising maternity costs and complications that are common at the time of pregnancy. “There might be certain complications at the time of delivery, which can increase the costs drastically for mother and child. Therefore, it is important that maternity coverage plans are taken either as standalone or rider add-on benefits. It is important that such policies are purchased at least 6-12 months in advance to get pre-natal coverage benefits,” recommends Billimoria. It is also appropriate to think of putting in money for the child’s future expenses because it is fairly common for most Indian parents to receive gifts at the time of a child’s birth.
Moreover, the biggest expense after a house purchase that one experiences are the one around the child’s education, once they complete school. “Today, education in India can cost anywhere between `5 - 7 lakh a year for a 3-4 year degree and go up significantly, if one is planning to study abroad,” explains Billimoria. The Davda’s, have started investing for their 8-year-old daughter Neha’s future education needs. “We did not have a health insurance earlier, but this time around we have taken a family floater to cover all four of us,” explains Neha. She has also started setting aside money for their higher education. The advantage of starting early, especially with insurance, is that you land up paying a lower premium compared to what it would cost if one starts later.
The Bhalalas have already started to set monies aside into a child savings plan. “I am going to invest in Sukanya Samriddhi account which is provided by the government of India. Also, tax exemption is available and percentage interest is good compared to other government investment options available,” says a beaming Dhaval. He is also exploring other tax savings options that could work for his newborn girl. The best way to deal with events in life is to plan for them whenever possible. This is very much possible in case of bringing a child into this world. However, in the process of saving and investing for this event, do not miss out on the finer aspects of becoming parents. There are some events in life that can never come back—the birth of a child is one such incident that you should rejoice and not be saddled with worries over the financial implications that the arrival of a child poses.