Consumption was 13% higher than May 2020 but 28% lower than pre-Covid levels
India’s petrol and diesel sales fell by about 17 per cent in May over the previous month as restrictions clamped to curb the world’s worst outbreak of Coronavirus infections stifled demand.
Sales of petrol fell to 1.79 million tonnes in May, the lowest in a year, according to the preliminary data of state-owned fuel retailers.
While the consumption was almost 13 per cent higher than demand in May 2020, it was 28 per cent lower than pre-Covid levels of 2.49 million tonnes.
India was under one of the world’s strictest lockdowns in May last year, which brought all mobility and economic activity to a grinding halt. This year, though the infection rate is much severe, restrictions have been localised. Personal mobility is not as hampered as last year and more factories have remained open while cargo movement between states too hasn’t been as badly affected.
Demand for diesel fell to 4.89 million tonnes in May 2021, down 17 per cent from the previous month and 30 per cent from May 2019.
With airlines continuing to operate at less capacity, jet fuel (ATF) sales in May were 2,48,000 tonnes, down 34 per cent over April 2021 and 61.3 per cent over May 2019. Jet fuel sales in May 2020 were 1,09,000 tonnes.
Sales volume of cooking gas LPG fell 6 per cent year-on-year to 2.16 million tonnes in May 2021 but was 6 per cent higher than 2.03 million tonnes sold in May 2019.
LPG was the only fuel to have registered growth during the lockdown last year as the government gave free cylinders as part of the Covid-19 relief package.
Fresh cases of infection have fallen from over 4 lakh to 1.27 lakh and deaths from the infection dropped to 2,795 from over 4,000 a few weeks back, according to health ministry data released on Tuesday.
“We were near the pre-Covid level in March 2021, but new restrictions due to the second Covid wave have temporarily reduced demand for both personal mobility and industrial goods movement,” an industry official said. “Local fuel consumption will start to look up this month when second pandemic wave is expected to weaken.”
Declining fuel sales reduced crude intake by refiners, reducing the operating run rate by 85-86 per cent.