JMI secured 95.23 per cent in an overall assessment, as indicated in a letter sent to the university by the Ministry of Human Resource Development.
Vice Chancellor Professor Najma Akhtar attributed the achievement to high quality teaching, relevant and focused research and improved perception of the university.
She hoped the university would improve its performance in the coming years.
Akhtar said the achievement is all the more significant because of the challenging time the university went through in the recent past.
JMI had emerged as the epicentre of protests against the Citizenship (Amendment) Act (CAA) after Delhi Police personnel barged into the campus and allegedly baton-charged students studying in a library on December 15 last year.
The police have said they entered the campus to look for outsiders involved in violence that erupted during an anti-CAA protest being held a few meters away from the university.
With an objective to evaluate the performance of central universities (CUs) on select key parameters against set targets, all of them are required to sign a tripartite MoU with HRD Ministry and the University Grants Commission (UGC).
JMI was the first university to sign the MoU in 2017.
Performance of universities is evaluated on parameters of student diversity and equity, faculty quality and strength, academic outcomes, research performance, outreach, governance, finance, national and international rankings and accreditation, and co-curricular and extra-curricular activities.
In the ministry''s National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) rankings announced last month, JMI was ranked 10th.
In the ''Overall'' category, the university was placed at the 16th position.
IITs, IIMs, IISc, other top technical institutions and universities are also included in the ''Overall'' category. PTI SLB DIV