The Bodos are an ethnic group and are mainly present in the districts adjoining the foothills of Bhutan in western Assam and parts of northern Assam. They speak Bodo, a Tibeto-Burman language written in the Devanagri script. According to the 2001 census, their population is 1.29 million.
Marginalised politically and socio-economically, the Bodos struggled for self-determination in the late ’80s under the leadership of Upendra Nath Brahma of the All Bodo Students Union (ABSU). This ended with the February 1993 Bodo Accord between Delhi and the ABSU. But peace was short-lived as violent factions such as the Bodo Liberation Tigers continued fighting.