29 August 2011 National Farming: Andhra Pradesh

Stirring Paddy

Farmers in two districts refuse to grow rice
Stirring Paddy
Stirring Paddy
outlookindia.com
-0001-11-30T00:00:00+0553

Hard To Ignore...

  • Farmers of East Godavari and West Godavari districts in Andhra Pradesh have declared a crop holiday this kharif season
  • No paddy will be sown across 1.5 lakh acres in the two districts
  • Farmers are demanding better minimum support price and subsidies on inputs
  • They say the rising cost of inputs causes farmers to lose Rs 10,000-15,000 per acre
  • If the farmers stick to the crop holiday, the state may lose 3 lakh tonnes of paddy this year

***

It was the farmer who brought the Congress to power in Andhra Pradesh in 2004 and 2009. Now, it is the farmer who is rising in protest against the government. In the fertile Konaseema region of East Godavari district, farmers have begun a satyagraha of sorts by declaring a crop holiday. The rice bowl of Andhra lies barren, as farmers are refusing to sow paddy on some one lakh acres this kharif season. The protest is against a poor minimum support price (MSP) and difficulty in getting bank loans. They also want input subsidies. Farmers in adjoining West Godavari have also joined in. That makes it 1.5 lakh disused acres in all.

While the state has appointed Mohan Kanda, a Planning Commission member, to look at the issue and find a solution, farmers have so far refused to negotiate. The committee says it will recommend measures in a month’s time. But by then the peak kharif season will be over.

“India is called an agricultural nation, yet the farmer is treated with derision. In East Godavari, we have fertile soil, water and labour. Yet we have stopped cultivating because agriculture is no longer remunerative. The man who tills the land only incurs debts,” says Rambala Subhash Chandra Bose, leader of the Konaseema Rythu Parirakshana Samiti.

The crop satyagraha idea germinated in Bendamuri Lanka village of East Godavari. At a farmers’ meeting, Suryabhagawan, a farmer who owns six acres, declared a voluntary crop holiday. “I have incurred debts and have decided it is better to earn a living as a coolie,” he said. The anger spread to 300 other farmers and soon to the entire district.

On top of their list of demands is an increase in MSP, which for a 75 kg sack of paddy is now Rs 1,110, after the government announced a Rs 80 raise in June. However, farmers want the M.S. Swaminathan commission recommendation of Rs 2,042. According to Swaminathan, this has been arrived at by taking into account the total expenditure on cultivation, family expenses, plus an additional 50 per cent.

Kumaraswamy, an activist of the Bharatiya Kisan Sangh, says that a uniform MSP across India does not make sense. “Andhra Pradesh has its own conditions and climate. Besides, in Chhattisgarh, Punjab and Haryana, the government buys every grain,” he says. “In Andhra, it is millers and traders who buy grain. While paddy production is 1.4 lakh tonnes, the government bought only 20 lakh tonnes this year, resulting in distress sales at as low as Rs 600-800 a sack.”

Aldas Janaiah, a professor at Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University, says the protest is a wake-up call. “Liberalisation of farm markets without regulation has meant that farmers are not even getting prices that compensate production costs,” he says. “Bank loans account for only 30 per cent of production costs. Farmers are forced to dip into savings or borrow from private moneylenders.” If farmers stick to their plan, the state stands to lose three lakh tonnes of rice.

The TDP, the CPI and the CPI(M) have come out in support of the farmer. Telugu Desam president Chandrababu Naidu is planning a fast. He has already toured the two districts. YSR Congress chief Jaganmohan Reddy, too, has interacted with farmers. Clearly, opposition politicians have sensed a bumper harvest in the agitation.

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