Jalandhar and Hoshiarpur will have a lasting impact on modern British history. Punjabs famed spirit of enterprise has sent many of our brethren-too many, say immigration officers in London-to Britain one way or another. But just how many?
"The Home Office figures were about 60,000 and that was some years ago," says Piara Singh Khabra, MP for Ealing Southall, who was on the parliamentary committee that proposed the visa bond scheme. That number is now reported to be higher, though the Home Office isnt going public on it. That kind of migration has come mainly from India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, says Khabra. "Its simply a fact of life."