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79% Say Solve Kashmir First

The first-ever opinion survey in Pakistan by an Indian media house

79% Say Solve Kashmir First
outlookindia.com
-0001-11-30T00:00:00+0553

Outlook commissioned Gallup-Business Research Bureau to conduct the first-ever opinion survey in Pakistan by an Indian media house. Gallup-Business Research Bureau is the Pakistan affiliate of Gallup International, which operates in more than 60 countries across the globe. Established in 1980 in Pakistan, Gallup is today the market leader in media audience research, household consumer panels, third party evaluation studies and opinion polls. It is a member of ESOMAR, the world’s leading association of market researchers and follows the ESOMAR code of conduct.

Gallup-Outlook Opinion Poll In Pakistan
You see India as...
  Enemy 54
  Rival 31
  Potential Friend 15
     
Do you think it is necessary to resolve the Kashmir issue first for the establishment of peaceful relations between India and Pakistan?
  Yes  79
  No 19
  Don’t know 2
     
Would you accept converting the LoC into an international border as the only solution to the Kashmir problem?
  Agree 29
  Don’t Agree 69
  Don’t know 2
     
What do you think about Vajpayee’s recent peace initiative?
  Serious 26
  Gimmick 47
  Don’t know 27
     
Which of these political issues do you rank first in order of importance?
  Fundamentalism 17
  Democracy 19
  Kashmir issue 64
     
Would you trust the US to broker peace between India and Pakistan?
  Yes 33
  No 62
  Don’t know 5
     
Do you think there is a strong yearning for peace among Indians?
  Yes 62
  No 32
  Don't know 6
     

What is your opinion about Kargil?

  Useful operation 40
  Mistake 31
  Unavoidable 21
  Don’t know 8
     

In your view, should Pakistan have trade relations with India?

  Yes 63
  No 35
  Don’t know 2
     

Are the religious factions a roadblock to Pakistan-India relations?

  Yes 42
  No 43
  Don’t know 15
     

Are the political parties a roadblock to Pakistan-India relations?

  Yes 43
  No 45
  Don’t know 12
     

Is the Indian army and RAW a roadblock to Indo-Pak relations?

  Yes 63
  No 28
  Don’t know 9
     

Is the Pakistan army and ISI a roadblock to Indo-Pak relations?

  Yes 32
  No 52
  Don’t know 16
     

How do you rate Musharraf’s efforts in ushering peace with India?

  Serious 52
  Gimmick 23
  Don’t know 25
 

 

In your view, which one of these options is the most suitable way for resolving the Kashmir issue?

 

Bilateral negotiations

UN
mediation

US
mediation

War

1989  
January
After Rajiv Gandhi’s first visit

48 23 Option not in the survey 16

August
After his second visit

30 31 - 22

2001  
June
Before Musharraf’s Agra visit

38 23 Option not in the survey 30

July
Shortly after his Agra visit

47 22 - 23
2003
August
In the wake of new moves for Indo-Pak dialogue
43 26 12

17

Rest: Don’t know/can’t say

What are the chances of war between India and Pakistan these days?

  High
chance
Moderate
chance
Low
chance

1999  
May
Before Kargil and after Vajpayee’s Lahore visit

11 35 34

June
In the wake of Kargil crisis

45 42 6

2001  
July
After Musharraf’s Agra visit

12 43 44

2002  
January
Deployment of Indian troops on the borders

32 53 14

2003  
January
Tensions on the border continuing

37 55 8

August: 
New initiatives on Indo-Pak dialogue had set in

6 44 47
Rest: Don’t know/can’t say

Source: Gallup Pakistan Polls (Time Series Data on Key International Issues)

   

Methodology

 

The survey was conducted among 1,338 statistically selected respondents on August 3 and 4, 2003. Nearly 50% of the sample comprised women. The sample represented a cross-section of various income and education segments of the population. There is an error margin of plus or minus 3-4 per cent at 95% confidence level. The survey covered all four provinces of the country. The sample was divided roughly proportional to the population of each province in the total national population. The fieldwork was carried out in 13 cities including Islamabad, Rawalpindi, the four provincial capitals: Lahore, Karachi, Peshawar and Quetta. The other cities were, Sukkur and Hyderabad in Sindh, Multan, Faisalabad, Gujrat, Sahiwal and Sargodha in Punjab and Mardan in NWFP.

 

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