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53% See India As Enemy

But there are more Pakistanis now than before who are willing to accept the conversion of the LoC into an international border—as a solution to the Kashmir problem

53% See India As Enemy
53% See India As Enemy
outlookindia.com
-0001-11-30T00:00:00+0553

GALLUP-OUTLOOK POLL 
Pakistan: 53% See India As Enemy
The relationship between India and Pakistan constantly waxes and wanes, now raising hopes of an enduring peace and then promptly dashing it. It was in August 2003 that Outlook first commissioned an opinion poll in Pakistan. Soon thereafter, in January 2004, India and Pakistan initiated the peace process. Now cracks appear anew. Has all this changed attitudes in Pakistan about India? Outlook commissioned Gallup Pakistan, an affiliate of Gallup International, to conduct an opinion poll in 13 cities there. As expected, attitudes towards India have remained more or less as they were in 2003, except on one significant count: there are more Pakistanis now than before who are willing to accept the conversion of the LoC into an international border—as a solution to the Kashmir problem.


You see India as...
  Rival Friend Enemy
  28 19 53

The US is closer to... 
  Pakistan India Equidistant
20 50 29

Would you accept converting the LoC into an international border as a solution to the Kashmir problem?
  Yes No DK/CS
July 2006 41 58 1
August 2003 29 69 2

Do you think the Kashmir problem can be resolved in your lifetime?
Yes No DK/CS
ALL 36 61 3
< 29 years 39 57 4
30- 49 years 34 63 3
50 > years 34 65 1

Do you think India will ever part with Kashmir?
  Yes No DK/CS
  29 70 1

Is India correct in blaming Pakistan for exporting terrorism to India?
  Yes No DK/CS
  11 89 0



“Solve Kashmir First”


Which is the best way to resolve the Kashmir issue?
July 
2006
Aug 
2003 
Jul 
2001 
Jun 
2001 
Bilaterally 39 43 47 38
UN-brokered 27 26 22 23
US-brokered 15 12 Option not in the survey
War 18 17 23 30
Others - - 4 6
No response 1 6 3 3
Aug 2003:  After new moves for an Indo-Pak dialogue
Jul 2001: Shortly after Pervez Musharraf’s Agra visit
Jun 2001: Shortly before Musharraf’s Agra visit



What are the chances of war between India and Pakistan?
Jul 
2006
Aug 
2003 
Jan 
2003 
Jan 
2002 
High chance 11 6 37 32
Moderate chance 44 44 55 53
Low chance 44 47 8 14
DK/CS 1 3 - 1
Aug 2003: Border tensions had eased. New initiatives on dialogues had set in.
Jan 2003: Tension on the Indo-Pak border continuing
Jan 2002: Tension on the border; deployment of Indian troops

Is it necessary to first resolve the Kashmir issue for peaceful Indo-Pak relations ?
  Yes No DK/CS
  76 23 1



The Bus Ride Has Helped


Under which Prime Minister were Indo-Pak relations better?
  Manmohan Singh A.B. Vajpayee DK/CS
  60 34 6

Should Pakistan have trade relations with India?
  Yes No DK/CS
  60 39 1

Has people-to-people contact (bus links etc) over the last two years helped relations between India and Pakistan?
  Yes No DK/CS
  55 44 1

What impresses you most about India?
Impressed Not  
Impressed
Neutral DK/CS
Democracy 26 40 20 14
Military 17 54 16 13
Economy 24 40 22 14
Culture 20 53 14 13
Secularism 12 56 11 21

Methodology
The survey was conducted by Gallup Pakistan among 1,200 statistically selected households in 13 cities—Islamabad/ Rawalpindi, Lahore, Karachi, Peshawar, Quetta, Sukkru, Hyderabad, Multan, Faisalabad, Gujrat, Sahiwal, Sargodha and Mardan. Face-to-face interviews were conducted on July 23 and 24 with both men and women. The sample represented a cross-section of various income and education segments of the population. There may be an error margin of plus/minus 3-4% at 95% confidence level.

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