The Australian National Dictionary Center has named “shirtfront” its Australian word of the year. And, no, it does not have anything to do with losing one's shirt, or even taking it off, as Mr Putin is often wont to do.
Shirtfront (Australian Rules) noun, "A fierce tackle, usually delivered by the shoulder to the chest of an opponent." verb, "The act of delivering such a tackle."—Oxford Australian Dictionary.
The first we heard of the word was when addressing the Australian Parliament in Canberra, Prime Minister Narendra Modi had said,
"(as) the third head of the government you are listening to this week, I do not know how you are doing this. Maybe this is Prime Minister [Tony] Abbott's way of shirtfronting you."
"Look, I'm going to shirtfront Mr. Putin...you bet you are, you bet I am."
The comment was made in the context of 27 Australians being on board the Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 that crashed in eastern Ukraine, for which Moscow had been perceived to be responsible, but had led to widespread hilarity in its wake.
i imagine the guy who spent 16 years in the KGB is feeling seriously intimidated right now #shirtfront— Scott Ludlam (@SenatorLudlam) October 13, 2014
The hilarity got a great second wind when Mr Abbot's face-to-face encounter with Mr Putin actually resulted in a...koala cuddle. Mr Abbot had later backtracked on his word choice, saying instead that he would have a “very robust conversation” with Mr Putin, but the damage had been done by then
Other words and phrases that were considered for the word of the year included
- Budget Emergency
- Coward punch
- Debt and deficit disaster
- Economic girly-man
- Lifters and leaners
- Man bun
- Ned Kelly beard
- Team Australia
- Team idiot
Earlier last month, the Oxford Dictionaries had announced 'Vape' their word of the year
v. Inhale and exhale the vapour produced by an electronic cigarette or similar device: I’d rather people vaped indoors than smoked outside: many smokers have started vaping e-cigarettes to help them cut down (as noun vaping) there’s concern that young people may take up vaping as a less harmful alternative to smoking
n. 1 An electronic cigarette or similar device: I’ve been using a vape now for 15 weeks
1.1 An act of inhaling and exhaling the vapour produced by an electronic cigarette or similar device: my cravings went away as soon as I took a vape
Other words on the Oxford shortlist were:
Bae n. used as a term of endearment for one’s romantic partner.
Budtender n. a person whose job is to serve customers in a cannabis dispensary or shop.
Contactless adj. relating to or involving technologies that allow a smart card, mobile phone, etc. to contact wirelessly to an electronic reader, typically in order to make a payment.
indyref, n. an abbreviation of ‘independence referendum’, in reference to the referendum on Scottish independence, held in Scotland on 18 September 2014, in which voters were asked to answer yes or no to the question ‘Should Scotland be an independent country?’
normcore n. a trend in which ordinary, unfashionable clothing is worn as a deliberate fashion statement.
slacktivism, n., informal actions performed via the Internet in support of a political or social cause but regarded as requiring little time or involvement, e.g. signing an online petition or joining a campaign group on a social media website; a blend of slacker and activism.
Infographic Courtesy: Oxford Dictionaries Blog
Earlier, Collins and Chambers dictionaries had named 'overshare' and 'photobomb' as words of the year for 2014.
Chambers editorial director David Swarbrick told the Guardian that the put-down overshare was “beautifully British” and a “subtle, yet devastating” insult: “Some words were more celebratory; others more exacting. But ‘overshare’ won because it was pointedly relevant to so many of the other words that were considered.”
Other words considered included
Bashtag— ‘a hashtag used for critical or abusive comments’
Digital native— ‘a person who has learned to use computers as a child’ and
Hipster— redefined from its previous definition (‘a person who knows and appreciates up-to-date jazz; a member of the beat generation, 1950s and early 1960s’) to ‘a member of the generation born in the 1980-90s who look down on their native middle-class culture, and self-consciously adopt a bohemian lifestyle and mode of dress’.
“Social networking has created a whole new vocabulary,” Mr Swarbrick added, citing words and phrases such as gripe sites, click fraud, and fraping.
For Collins Dictionary, "the essence of 2014” was captured by 'photobomb' beating 'devo max' and 'bakeoff.'
The first recorded mention of 'photobomb' is a Google search in 2008, but this year the word came into prominence following a tweeted photo going viral during the Commonwealth Games when the Queen accidentally photobombed two hockey players. Before that, of course, was Benedict Cumberbatch’s famous photobomb of U2 at the Oscars.
Collins also added 50,000 new words to the 12th edition of the dictionary, including some that you would definitely be familiar with:
Al desko—to eat at your desk
Meme—an idea or element of social behaviour passed on through generations in a culture, esp by imitation
Bitcoin—a system of open source peer-to-peer software for the creation and exchange of (payment in) a certain type of cryptocurrency
Textonym—one of two or more words that can be generated by pressing the same key combinations on a mobile phone: 'kiss' and 'lips' are textonyms’.
A Twitter campaign also saw the word 'Adorkable' voted ahead of 'Fefie' (farmer selfie) or 'Fatberg' (giant lump of fat found in London sewers).
Collins says it is intended as a compliment and was first used on Twitter in March 2007, hitting its peak in January 2012 and defines it as:
Adorkable— an intellectual person who is nerdy yet endearing,
Do you think if we were to look for an Indian word of the year, it might elicit the response: Are you serious? Hell yeah, do tell us your nominations.