Praveen Swami on whether Kashmir's major political parties can rebuild a relationship with their secessionist adversaries in the Hindu:
Back in the summer of 1986, the Lions and the Goats met at Srinagar’s Jamia Masjid, and vowed to work together to secure Kashmir’s future.
National Conference president Farooq Abdullah was the heir to the legacy of Shér-i-Kashmir [‘the Lion of Kashmir’], his father Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah. His new-found ally, the powerful Srinagar cleric Maulvi Mohamm ad Farooq, led the Bakras, or goats, derisively nicknamed so for their long beards. Much of modern Kashmir’s history was shaped by the often-violent clashes between the Shér and the Bakra: between the radical party of the peasants and workers and the cleric-led pious, often pro-Pakistan urban petit bourgeoisie.