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Planning For Your Child's Future

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Planning For Your Child's Future
Renjith RG - 19 October 2019

For parents, providing top notch higher education to their children is an important aspiration and many are willing to sacrifice a lot to achieve this dream. But this calls for a great deal of financial planning to meet the future cost close to actual. Overall cost of education includes the fee and other maintenance costs such as accommodation, food, travel – both personal and academic, etc. And those would be incurred in a phased manner, rather than as one-time expense. Investors should make note of these incidental associated costs while estimating the future cost. Hence, plan your investments into instruments in such a way that it matches with your future cash flow requirements in terms of quantum and the phases in which it is required. Also be careful not to stop or withdraw the investments in between, ahead of the goal period.

It is estimated that in India, the primary and secondary education inflation is around 12 per cent and that of Higher education is between 16 – 20 per cent (depending on the institution) Equities have the track record of delivering returns beyond 14 – 15 per cent over a longer time period. Systematic Investment Plans in Mutual Funds is the best way of investing in Equity Market, as they play in favour of Value Investing in both bull and bear markets, with compounding and cost averaging, respectively.

For first timers, SIP is an investment method in which investors choose to invest a fixed sum every month on a pre-selected date in a mutual fund scheme, and for a pre-defined period (which ideally should align with number of years to reach the goal). Since investment happens every month, it eliminates the risk of timing the market. When the price of the selected mutual fund unit, technically called as Net Asset Value (NAV), goes down due to the drop in market value of portfolio, investor buys more units. When the price (NAV) goes up, investor buys lesser units, thereby achieving a better Average Purchase Price over the investment tenure.

Top-up definitely helps to reach the goal requirement quite comfortably and with surplus cushion post meeting the cost.

Data shows that in India, over a 15 year period, the average SIP returns delivered across 111 Mutual Fund schemes is around 12.9 per cent.

Parents can plan well in advance for their children’s education by calculating the present average cost of education, the expected future cost (at certain inflation rate) and start investing towards that.

Once parents have planned and calculated the future cost they are usually faced with the question whether to invest in dedicated children’s fund or a diversified equity fund. The difference between an exclusive children’s plan and a normal equity-diversified fund is, on a comparable investment objective basis, they are more or less same in terms of the investment style, except for the individual portfolio that is held in a scheme and its performance. That apart, children’s funds are structured in such a way that it hinders early exit ahead of certain age limit of the beneficiary (child). Hence, if the investor-parents are self-disciplined, then an equity diversified fund could be equally fine for building future goal corpus.

The advantage of starting early is that, one needs to invest a very nominal amount, than what is required, if it is delayed by say 3 or 5 years.

Arithmetic shows that to reach a corpus of Rs. 25,00,000 in 17 years, one needs to invest Rs. 4,000 per month in an investment that grows at 12 per cent pa. The monthly investment requirement goes up by 31 per cent, if the same is delayed by 2 years.

What Rs. 5000 invested per month would become ...

when your child becomes 18 years of age?

Expected Returns (p.a)

10%

12%

15%

18%

Child's
Present AGE (Yrs)

Expected Future Value (Rs.Lakhs.)

1

25.63

31.20

42.15

57.21

3

20.08

23.80

30.82

40.06

5

15.50

17.89

22.25

27.74

7

11.71

13.18

15.77

18.89

10

7.23

7.85

8.89

10.07

12

4.88

5.18

5.67

6.20

How you should invest per month in an SIP

to get a corpus of Rs.25,00,000 when the child turns 18 ?

Expected Returns (p.a)

10%

12%

15%

18%

Child's
Present AGE (Yrs)

SIP per month needed (Rs.)

1

4878

4006

2966

2185

3

6225

5253

4056

3121

5

8065

6986

5618

4506

7

10673

9481

7926

6616

10

17294

15921

14059

12413

12

25633

24131

22046

20150

Investment in mutual funds through SIPs is the best strategy towards securing child’s future.


The author is the Associate Director- Geojit Financial Services
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