Marathi poet Govind Vinayak Karandikar passed away here today following a brief illness. He was 92.
The famous Marathi poet, born on August 23, 1918, breathed his last at the Bhabha hospital here.
Karandikar, who was also known as Vinda, was the winner of the 39th Jnanpith Award, India's highest literary recognition. He was the most experimental and comprehensive among all the modern Marathi poets.
He was also an essayist, critic and translator.
He translated Aristotle's poetry into Marathi. He also translated his own poems into English and wrote poetry in English (Vinda's Poems, 1975).
Karandikar was the third Marathi writer to have won the Jnanpith award after Vishnu Sakharam Khandekar (1974) and Vishnu Vaman Shirwadkar (1987).
He also penned poems for children, including 'Ranichi Baag', 'Sashyache kaan' and 'Pari ga Pari'.
Karandikar was recipient of several awards including Keshavsut Prize, Soviet Land Nehru Literary Award, Kabir Samman and Senior Fellowship of Sahitya Akademi.
Conferring the 39th Jnanpith Award for 2003 on Karandikar in 2006, then President A P J Abdul Kalam described him as an essayist, critic and translator who has made a notable contribution to Marathi poetry and literature.
"His life is an example of extraordinary achievement realised through ceaseless search for aesthetic perfection," Kalam had said.
Vinda was born in Ghalval village in coastal Sindhudurg district to a poor farmer and went through times of great hardship, so much that he could complete his school and college education from Kolhapur, solely due to timely help from a well-wisher.
He completed his Masters in English, and went on to settle in Mumbai, choosing teaching as his profession. While studying English poetry, he was influenced by the works of poets like Browning, Hopkins and Elliot. Marathi poets like Madhav Julian and B S Mardhekar, influenced Vinda's earlier works.
Thought provoking subjects like universal truths, mortality, scientific approach and spiritual inclination, were the core of his poetry.
Vinda did a lot of experimentation with his poems and he dabbled in different types and compositions of poetry like ghazal, song, mukta suneet (free sonnet). His famous collection of poems include SwedGanga (1949), MrudaGandha (1945), Dhrupad (1959) and Jatak (1968).
Karandikar's collection of short essays, Sparshaachi Palav (1958) and Akashacha Arth (1965) not only show his unique style of thinking, but also his sharp wit.
Parampara ani Navata (1967), is a collection of analytical reviews, which enjoys an important place among the various critiques in Marathi literature.
Vinda wrote many poems for children, different from traditional nursery rhymes. His poems for children show good understanding of children, their own little world, their imagination, their ideas and are especially touching because he has used the novel, imaginative, mystical, humorous and unique ideas of children.
Aitu Lokancha Desh, Pishi Mavashi ani Tichi Bhutaval, Ranicha Baag, Ekda Kaay Jhale, Ajabkhana, Sarkaswala, Pari Ga Pari, are some of his popular collections that enriched children's world.
Karandikar is survived by two sons and a daughter.
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