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06 February 2012 National Reorganisation of states

India Redrawn

This is the map one is likely to get should a second reorganisation of Indian states were to be effected. It won’t depend only on language.


Linguistic States: A 20th-Century Timeline

Dec 1903: Linguistic principle for organising India’s provinces figures for first time in Sir Herbert Risley's letter to the Bengal government. Sir Herbert is home secretary at this point.

1905: Partition of Bengal takes place

1917: Dr Annie Besant strongly opposes linguistic organisation of provinces at the Calcutta session

1920: Congress adopts linguistic redistribution of provinces at the Nagpur session

1927: Congress adopts a resolution supporting creation of linguistic states

1928: Motilal Nehru Committee supports redistribution along linguistic lines

1945-46: Congress election manifesto promises provinces will be constituted on linguistic and cultural lines

Nov 1947: Prime Minister Nehru concedes the linguistic principle, but says security and stability of India important

1948: Linguistic provinces commission set up

Aug-Sept, 1951: G. Sitaramaiah fasts for creation of Andhra state

Dec 15, 1952: Potti Sriramulu dies while fasting for the creation of Andhra. The state is carved out of Madras Presidency only a year later.

Dec 1953: States Reorganisation Commission (SRC) is set up

1955: Nehru sends S.G. Barve to the former USSR for understanding the language policy as a state reconstruction programme

Jul 1955: SRC report submitted—14 states and 9 union territories recommended.

Aug 1956: SRC recommendations implemented

1960: Gujarat and Maharashtra come into being

1960-61: Sant Fateh Singh and Master Tara Singh undertake fast unto death for the creation of a Punjab state

1963-64: Language riots in Tamil Nadu

1963: Nagaland takes shape

1966: Haryana and Punjab created 1970-80: Other Northeastern states carved out

1992: Goa created

2000: Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Uttarakhand emerge as independent entities.

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AUTHORS: Outlook
PLACES: India
SECTION: National
OUTLOOK: 06 February, 2012
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