This is about the article on India cultivating the six-nation East African community (A Sail Ship To Mombasa, Mar 13). India, as mentioned, has had an old connect with East African nations, as proven by its influential diaspora. During recent decades, much of its goodwill lay unused. Renewed efforts by India to strengthen ties with the EAC is commendable. Moreover, it will keep Chinese intentions in the region under check. The US, for similar reasons, is also in the fray there. India, being in the middle of a potential tangle of two superpowers, must tread carefully.
Lt Col Ranjit Sinha (retd), Pune
I write in response to Manoj Joshi’s review of Myra McDonald’s book on Pakistan (Plumbing The Deep State, Mar 6). I think Pakistan has always posed as—and secretly and rather unsuccessfully aspired to be—the harbinger of Islam’s renewal, the protector of the Muslim Ummah and a worthy successor to the defunct Turkish caliphate. The reason for Pakistan’s troubles mainly is the State’s vacuous outsourcing of education to the Salafi-Wahabi school of thought, which is financed by Saudi Arabia.
Rajiv Chopra, Jammu
Going by the questions you have raised about the quality of the so-called whisky in India, it is time to seriously rethink one’s choice of drink in our country compared to the global market (The Rs 41,000 Crore Trick Called IMFL, Mar 6). Every consumer must authentically know what they really drink. The question is raised on how the Bureau of Indian Standards turns spirit made from molasses into whisky—with added colour and flavour. The cover story in an eye-opener. Thanks for the honest report with no exaggeration.
Jayanta Topadar, Dhemaji (Assam)
A third incident of racist attack on an Indian within a fortnight in America is not only alarming (Red Blobs On the Rainbow, Mar 20) but points to a looming danger to the life of minority communities living in the US. Indians residing transatlantic cannot anymore afford to remain passive spectators, but all the same not retaliate with violence.
Ever since the White House got its new occupant, protectionism and nationalism have made a potent cocktail for the ‘forgotten Americans’—the votebank of Donald Trump (Fight For Sam’s Soul, Mar 13). It’s this deadly cocktail that led a random Adam Purington to target 32-year-old Indian engineer Srinivas Kuchibhotla and his friends in a Kansas bar. Indian-origin Harnish Patel was the target of yet another white supremacist—in South Carolina on March 2. If this is how the far-right citizens and the incumbent president are making America great, god save uncle Sam.
K.P. Rajan, Mumbai
This refers to your story on the violence at Ramjas College, Delhi University (When Words Beget Blows, Mar 13). The RSS has always been a racist and violent organisation. Around 1947-48, it was responsible for Mahatma Gandhi’s murder and involved in numerous riots across India. In choosing them as the rulers, Indians have accepted violence and oppression. No wonder such incidents are becoming commonplace. And with allegations that voting machines too have been compromised, there is no end in sight to these atrocities.
Nasar Ahmed, Karikkudi
Fanatic political diktats, such as “nationalism is not negotiable” even in discussions, suffocate intellectuals. Humanities and the liberal arts need freedom of speech so that novel thinking can be cultivated, with the only rider being that all must agree to disagree without violence.
M.N. Bhartiya, Alto-Porvorim
University campuses, no doubt, mirror the mood of the nation. The times have changed dramatically, with dissent and freedom of expression being suppressed with an iron hand these days. Raising the azadi slogan is being treated as a sin. But if we look back at history, students’ agitations have changed the course of national politics. The Nav Nirman Andolan led by students from Gujarat had the blessing of Jayaprakash Narayan. Sharad Yadav, Arun Jaitley, Nitish Kumar, Sitaram Yechuri and Prakash Karat are all products of student politics. Unfortunately, many change their stand on campus politics when they are in power.
Bobbili Sridhara Rao, Hyderabad
Talking about nationalism and national values is good, but they should not be forced down people’s throats. Curtailing free speech and snatching away other democratic rights is a myopic way to promote nationalism. Nationalism makes no sense without democracy.
M.Y. Shariff, Chennai
Shrinking space for free speech is an early warning sign of creeping fascism. Going by their behaviour, the ABVP seems to have learned its lessons straight from the notorious Hitler Youth.
Anwaar, Dallas (US)
The police would not have been mere onlookers in the Ramjas college incident if the attack had been on students or teachers belonging to organisations affiliated with the ruling party. How is this behaviour by the Delhi Police any different from the way the police acted under the British Raj? As long as the political leadership controls the police, they will continue to be partisan in their behaviour. Till date, every political party has stood in the way of police reforms and that is why we continue to see such incidents.
Rabindra Nath Roy, Durgapur
The degree of moral corruption in the armed forces is shocking, going by the story of wronged military man S.S. Chauhan (Shooting The Brother, Feb 20). I, as a civilian employee with the armed forces, have seen from close quarters corruption at higher levels, the menace of which trickles down to lower officers, who are reduced to the status of slaves. It is high time some independent commission constituted by Parliament went into instances of misconduct down the ranks. It will not only benefit the nation and its interests but also undo the tarnished image of the army.
M.M. Sebastian, on E-Mail
This refers to your cover Story, The Rs 41,000 Crore Trick Called IMFL (March 6). Whisky is not everyone’s drink, but milk is the feed equally of babies, children, the young, and the old. India is a country where spurious milk, containing urea, detergents and other ingredients injurious to health, is supplied under tags like ‘pure’ and ‘healthy’. The milk may be from bovines that are administered the banned drug oxytocin, which induces extra (if not abnormal) lactation but also has severely harmful effects: on the health of the animals it is injected into, as also that of humans who consume the milk. Polished fruits and coloured vegetables containing harmful chemicals are openly sold in the market. There is a big racket in even medicines. You have no way to distinguish whether the medicine you are taking, prescribed by your doctor and purchased from the medicine shop, is genuine or fake. Given this dismal scenario all around (and all of this is an open secret among Indians), it doesn’t seem like a big deal that Indian spirits are nothing more than fakes and your blended IMFL whisky is nothing but desi daru.
M.C. Joshi, Lucknow
Indians drink to get drunk. The day we start drinking to taste, the liquor norms will change accordingly.
Sanjiv Gupta, Perth
It is said that in India anything is possible. Turning desi daru into ‘whisky’ or ‘brandy’ is just one of the tricks used by the industry-government combine to fool people into buying inferior products. Millions of people consume IMFL as if it is a fashionable thing to do!
Dinesh Kumar, Chandigarh
A report in The Guardian says, “Scotch whisky exports rose by 3.1 per cent in the first six months of 2016, driven by booming demand in India, a market that should be a top trade priority for Britain as it prepares to leave the EU, according to the whisky trade body.” Your cover story revelations on IMFL may further boost these British exports. Back home, with people willing to stand in serpentine queues before liquor shops across the country for their daily quota of that precious ‘golden liquid’, more water will be turned to wine due to the lack of government regulations and corruption. To all the readers who enjoy a drink once in a while, I raise my glass.
George Jacob, London
In the light of your cover story, shouldn’t the acronym IMFL be revisited and expanded to ‘India Makes Foolish Libations’ now?
Rajneesh Batra, New Delhi
I am baffled by the very oxymoron IMFL. In Canada too they make whisky, brandy and rum. But they never say Canada made foreign liquor. Why does this happen only in India? Perhaps, we are yet to come out of the colonial hangover.
V.N.K. Murti, Pattambi
We just want to get drunk, be it whisky, rum, vodka or simply ‘desi daaru’ in that bottle!
Richa Juyal, Dehradun
This refers to your story Barrels Deter Goodwill Goal (March 6) on the army’s efforts to win Kashmiri hearts. Militancy has now taken a serious turn in the Valley with the locals standing in the way of military operations against militants. They also pelt stones at soldiers. The army is perfectly capable of ending militancy, but only with the help of the state government and the local people. This means a political settlement is necessary for a lasting peace. As the army is trained to do something else, not propagate sadbhavana, some say such exercises are a waste of money and fail to win over the locals. To win over the locals, the security forces have to be withdrawn, but then, who will guarantee that the militants won’t resume their activities in such a scenario?
Lt Col (retd) Ranjit Sinha, Pune
I feel the army chief was right in saying that pelting stones at the armed forces is an ‘anti-national’ activity—and will count as such anywhere in the world. Those who throw stones at soldiers effectively denounce their own citizenship. The army retaliating through pellets and bullets is a valid response. The Kashmir imbroglio has become a Gordian knot and has to be cut a la Alexander the Great. A weak-kneed policy will not result in any solution.
J.N. Bhartiya, Hyderabad
The army chief’s stern warning to the separatists and their supporters against interfering in counter-terrorism operations finds favour with me. Finding fault with the army chief’s statement, as some regional parties and national-level opposition parties are doing, would help Pakistan foment more unrest in the Valley. The nation cannot watch silently when the army chief’s statement is belittled to appease demographies. The opposition parties must uphold India’s secular fabric by denouncing retaliation by separatists in the name of azadi and supporting the army’s activities.
K.R. Srinivasan, Secunderabad
This refers to Misery After Master Strike (March 6), excerpted from The Crisis of 1974: Railway Strike and the Rank and File by Ranabir Samaddar. My grandfather, who retired from the railways as a head fitter in 1979, had not joined the 1974 strike. As a result, he was heckled by the strikers and honoured with the “loyal employee” peerage. This made it easy for my father to get a railway job in 1982, even though grandpa’s younger brother and my father’s elder brother had both joined the 1974 strike.
N.M. Mallick, Burdwan
This refers to Manoj Joshi’s column Hammer Of Authority (February 20) on how “the Indian military is its own police and judge”. The columnist correctly writes that the Army Act, 1950, is a successor of the 1911 Indian Army Act—itself a response to the 1857 mutiny in which the British almost lost their empire. They observed there was no mutiny in the Punjab Frontier Force that had a provision of summary court-martial, and that the 1,39,000 sepoys of the Bengal Native Army revolted to a man!
When Lance Naik Roy Mathew (in pic) from Kollam, Kerala, paid with his life for featuring in a sting operation carried out to expose the ‘sahayak’ system in the army, I was reminded of your cover story Shooting the Brother (Feb 20). There is no way to verify whether Mathew indeed took his own life because he felt guilty of having let down his superior officers. It is sad that a soldier from a humble background had to become a casualty of the media’s high-risk intervention to expose the orderly system (the “buddy” system is a misnomer as the practice is always one-way service and never mutual help). Soldiers go through an identity crisis when they double up as domestic help. Some army officers think the sahayak system is no big deal as the lower-rung soldiers usually come from humble family and social backgrounds. The tragedy is that a poor family in Kollam had to lose their dear one to the media’s efforts to highlight the prevalence of the slavery-like practice in the army. We hope that no one in the army meets Mathew’s fate anymore.
G. David Milton, Kanyakumari
Outlook’s report on the opportunities in East Africa is apt (A Surti on Lake Victoria, Mar 6). India has a very old and time-tested trade relation with African nations—especially Rwanda, Uganda and other nations around Lake Victoria. The sheer number of expat Indians bears testimony to that. Let’s not forget, a crucial seed of Indian independence was sown in South Africa.
LCRS, On E-Mail
Outlook’s story on the dominance of spin in the long, ongoing home Test season was interesting (Wrist, Finger and Revolution, Mar 6). Indian pitches are anyway conducive to spin bowling and we’ve had tailor-made wickets to support spinners right from 1971. Touring teams have often vented their frustration about this. Our medium-pacers creating big cracks near the crease for spinners to exploit is an old Indian rope trick. This time, the Pune pitch—later rated ‘poor’—came of greater help to the Aussies, unlike the notorious Mumbai pitch in the past. The message is clear—we overdo everything. Saying that, the Pune pitch certainly wasn’t ‘unplayable’. The ball did turn from day one, but the Aussies did cross 250 in both innings. In fact, one reason why late-bloomer O’Keefe turned lethal was that he wasn’t turning it square like Jadeja, but just enough to take the edge or go straight on to trap the hapless Indians LBW.
C.K. Subramaniam, Mumbai
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