The Socialist’s Path
In the political spectrum of Portugal, Antonio Luis Santos da Costa is a rare bird, for people actually like him. By the end of last September, the 52-year-old socialist had been re-elected mayor of Lisbon, with a third consecutive mandate (and last, according to the law), winning 50.9 per cent of the vote and 11 counsellors out of 17. This is an amazing feat given that the Portuguese political class has lost all credibility in the eyes of the electorate. Many already see the mayor breaking his four-year mandate to compete for the presidency of the Socialist Party in order to make himself prime ministerial candidate in the 2015 legislative elections.
That may be a long way off, but clearly Costa is being watched closely. Born in 1961 in Lisbon, Costa has an Indian connection. His father, Orlando da Costa, a well-known novelist who also wrote essays on Rabindranath Tagore, was born in Mozambique, but spent most of his youth in Goa where his own father, Luis Afonso Maria da Costa, was born and brought up. The latter was a descendant of reputed Hindu families from the Gaud Saraswat Brahmin community that converted to Catholicism during the Portuguese colonial era.
In fact, in the aftermath of his victory, Lisbon’s mayor was reported to have said that Lisbon could be the Atlantic business hub for India. But it is his missionary style, rather than Indian origins, that has earned Costa the moniker “Gandhi of Lisbon”. This flattering denomination came after the mayor decided to move his office to the heart of the Mouraria neighbourhood, bang in the middle of drug trafficking and prostitution hubs. Aside from being a successful media coup, this was an unexpected gesture, bringing the focus on one of the city’s oldest and poorest quarters where dozens of ethnic communities live, for better or worse, closely together.
Around the little square where Antonio Costa had the city council migrate, many construction sites are buzzing. Buildings covered with beautiful azulejos, the traditional Portuguese painted tiles, are being renovated. Slowly, Mouraria is being rehabilitated. Today, the area attracts hip little businesses and troops of tourists. A success Antonio Costa has vowed to replicate in other less-endowed neighbourhoods of the capital. Beatriz Silva, the owner of a small coffee shop in the building where Costa works, confides that occasionally the mayor stops by. “He’s a very warm man; if someone talks to him on the street, he will take time to listen,” she assures you.
It’s this goodwill that is fuelling talk that Costa is set for a higher office. Portugal is going through troubled times: to satisfy the requirements of the “troika” (the European Central Bank, European Union and International Monetary Fund) which lent the country 78 billion euros, the ruling Pedro Passos Coelho government has relied on increasing taxes and cutting services. Salaries in the public sector have been cut by over 30 per cent in the last four years and unemployment has topped 15 per cent (among the 15-24 age group, it’s reached almost 40 per cent).
Silvia de Oliveira, chief editor of business website Dinheiro Vivo, writes that despite all efforts to lead a charge against the government by Antonio Jose Martins Seguro, secretary of the main opposition Socialist Party, he is not the leader they want or need. Their de facto leader is no doubt Antonio Costa, because of his political background and his statesman image. “Lisbon’s last municipal elections were Antonio Costa’s prime ministerial pre-electoral campaign,” writes de Oliveira.
Costa may claim a prime ministerial candidacy is out of the question and that for the moment his only priority is the administration of Lisbon, but his every gesture seems to project him as a future chief of government. Already, with the launch of his 2012 book Caminho Aberto (Open Path), a collection of his speeches, opinion pieces et al from the last 20 years—on topics as varied as immigration, political and judiciary reforms and the strengthening of the rule of law—many observers see his first steps towards an eventual candidacy.
One of Portugal’s most respected intellectual figures, sociologist Boaventura de Sousa Santos, presenting the book, praised its author’s “political genius” and claimed that he was the only credible alternative capable of negotiating with international creditors. Qualifying the mayor of Lisbon as the symbol of a new generation of social democrats that are “truly socialist”, he said Costa was the rare international example of a politician who was able to ally political theory and practice. And it looks like on the internet too, there are many who share his analysis. The ‘Antonio Costa para primeiro ministro’ Facebook page has a growing number of virtual followers.
Ana Paula Carreira, director of the law faculty at the University of Lisbon, reckons the Lisbon mayor knows how to tackle problems frontally, without recourse to dogmatism. “He’s full of good intentions and good ideas, and people like him.” On the other hand, though, she’s sceptical about Costa having the necessary technical skills to manage the country. “I think he has a good chance of winning the next elections, but only because of the massive unpopularity of the current government.”
Whatever the outcome of the next elections in Portugal, the next government will have its hands full. The Portuguese are an unhappy lot and they have suffered from the severe crisis since 2009 and from the austerity measures adopted subsequently. It would be then in the fullness of things if a smiling Gandhi of Lisbon applies the calming balm, dipping into a very Portuguese-Goan concept: susegad.
By Andree-Marie Dussault in Lisbon
Thank you to all those who have taken the trouble to read the article and share their thoughts. Out of the arguments made here, there are two that perhaps need answering. So here they go.
1. The first part of the article compares outcomes (relative percentages of population of the religions concerned) irrespective of the process that led to those outcomes - whether immigration, relatively faster population growth or conversions. This was for two reasons. One, to put the figure of 2.3 per cent in "numerical perspective", as the article itself explained. The second reason was that outcomes are ultimately what the crux of debate is about. The rest of the article in any case dealt with process - or conversions in this case, from both a contemporary and historical perspective.
2. Some commenters have tried to cast doubts on the reliability of Census 2001. Those who do this should bear in mind that Census 2001 was conducted by a BJP government. Considering the extreme importance that BJP gives to this issue, it would be reasonable to expect that IF it had perceived a problem with the methodology that was distorting the numbers, it would have fixed it. As the article mentioned, BJP or BJP-supported governments have been in power for 10 of the last 40 years, or about a quarter of the time, and the only reasonable conclusion one can arrive at is that any misreporting of numbers, real or perceived, would be marginal and hence, not of importance.
To all other arguments made, my answer is the following: Please read the article again, with particular focus on the quotations of Vivekananda and Monier Williams, and the history of the missionary efforts in Bengal and their outcome.
A Gaud Saraswat Brahmin as the head of Portugal! Wow!
Wonder what parivar has to say about it? They are alwas going about rome rajya : ) For that matter what does GSB community the staunch supporter of parviar has to sayy about it.
Maybe we should call him back to India?
Back home ( # 1 ), he would give Manohar Parrikar a run for his money !
oh my, Raja Mani, haven't you got it yet, the US of A has a black president (formerly African and probably also a slave--if you wish to see it this way); Germany has (formerly) Turkish MPs; England has (formerly) Indian politicians; and where ever else you want to look you will find the same. Costa is a Portuguese as Portuguese a Portuguese can be.
the world is changing and this happens in various ways of which peoples mixing is one. what will this have to do with taking revenge? nothing, nada, nix. take a look from Mars: this ball called earth is inhabited by "humans" not Chinese, Americans or Indians for that matter--although, i admit, it's still going to take us a while to get there. but we will.
1. Jindal and Haley are not Indians. They are Americans.
2. GSB would marry in their own caste whether Hindu or Christian than marry outside of their caste.
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