invites you to take part in the search for
The Greatest Indian After Gandhi
Three ways in which you can vote
While our jury has shortlisted 50 great Indians for the nationwide search for the greatest of them all, the following nominees are ahead after a week of polling
Give a missed call to the number below to register your vote for the personality concerned or visit thegreatestindian.in to vote for a nominee of your choice.
Jayaprakash Narayan: Failed Revolutionary or a Pathbreaker?
When most Indians travelled to England for higher studies, almost a century ago, Jayaprakash Narayan decided to study in the United States. Curiously, seven years in Berkeley, Wisconsin and Ohio, made him a ‘Marxist’. On his way back, he stopped in London and succumbed to the influence of M.N. Roy and Rajani Palme Dutt. At Nehru’s invitation, he joined the Indian National Congress in 1929 but went on to float a socialist group within the Congress.
Arrested during the Quit India Movement of 1942, JP and his accomplices created a sensation by breaking out of the high security prison at Hazaribagh. After Independence, a cabinet post was offered to him but he declined, opting for ‘Lokniti’ (people’s politics) over ‘Rajniti’ (politics) and dedicated his life to the Sarvodaya Movement. Used to swimming against the tide, he embarrassed mainstream politicians in 1964 by calling for ‘self-determination’ by the people of J&K.
In 1974, he was recalled from retirement and persuaded to lead an anti-corruption movement, launched by students in Gujarat and Bihar. The ‘JP Movement’ caught the imagination of the people and spread across the country, with JP calling for the resignation of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, asking men in uniform to disobey illegal orders and calling upon students to forgo their studies for a year and help in rebuilding the nation. The movement forced Indira to clamp Emergency in June 1975 and eventually led to the installation of the first non-Congress government in 1977. An old and ailing JP, hospitalised and forced to undergo dialysis, died in 1979.
So how will history remember JP?
To vote for JP as the greatest Indian, visit thegreatestindian.in or give a missed call to 0808291005
Readers’ Writeback: Why is P.V. Narasimha Rao not among greatest?
Thank you to all those who have taken the trouble to read the article and share their thoughts. Out of the arguments made here, there are two that perhaps need answering. So here they go.
1. The first part of the article compares outcomes (relative percentages of population of the religions concerned) irrespective of the process that led to those outcomes - whether immigration, relatively faster population growth or conversions. This was for two reasons. One, to put the figure of 2.3 per cent in "numerical perspective", as the article itself explained. The second reason was that outcomes are ultimately what the crux of debate is about. The rest of the article in any case dealt with process - or conversions in this case, from both a contemporary and historical perspective.
2. Some commenters have tried to cast doubts on the reliability of Census 2001. Those who do this should bear in mind that Census 2001 was conducted by a BJP government. Considering the extreme importance that BJP gives to this issue, it would be reasonable to expect that IF it had perceived a problem with the methodology that was distorting the numbers, it would have fixed it. As the article mentioned, BJP or BJP-supported governments have been in power for 10 of the last 40 years, or about a quarter of the time, and the only reasonable conclusion one can arrive at is that any misreporting of numbers, real or perceived, would be marginal and hence, not of importance.
To all other arguments made, my answer is the following: Please read the article again, with particular focus on the quotations of Vivekananda and Monier Williams, and the history of the missionary efforts in Bengal and their outcome.
Got the answer today as to who is the greatest Indian after Mahatma Gandhi. It is all or one of the people featured on Satyamev Jayate Episode of today (July 29th). The people you have listed do no even come close to the kind of the work they are doing.
PV Narasimha Rao and the Indian IT engineer or professional should be in the list who turned India around. These two should be in the top of any list of people who influenced India and gave a new direction and confidence.
PVN with his wisdom, courage, and foresight liberalized and turned around a disastrous economy and ushered India into a new era, a new environment was created to unleash the Indian potential, in all spheres of life.
The Indian IT engineer or professionals went where no Indian as ever gone before. They conquered the world with their hardwork, acumen, brilliance, ingenuity, creativity and entrepreneurship. They showed the world and India that Indians are no less than any other people, given the right conditions and environment they can shine among the best. They gave India a new confidence that yes we can do, we have the potential, and the results we're seeing - a new confident India.
Dr. Ambedkar is second to none. There is difference between mother (Dr. Ambedkar) and Dai (Gandhi).
1) Gandhi was from rich baniya community, Dr. Ambedkar from poor mahar ati shudra community.
2) Gandhi had Birlas & Goenkas with him to give monetary support for his movement and ashram. Dr. Ambedkar had only Pawar & Naval Bhetna to give him loan for purchasing books. Gandhi built ashram for khadi gram udyog, Dr. Ambedkar built house for keeping books and built colleges for dalits.
3) Gandhi took 10 minutes to reach his fathers dead body from his room to his fathers room, Dr. Ambedkar took 20 hrs to reach his dying father from Baroda to Mumbai.
4) Gandhi was Matric barrister (No Degree, like diploma of today) while Dr. Ambedkar was Doctorate barrister (eight degrees).
5) Gandhi served as major in South African Army before practicing Law in South Africa, Dr. Ambedkar taught as professor in Sydneham College before practicing Law in Mumbai.
6) Gandhi worte “My experiments with truth”, Dr. Ambedkar’s writings are still being published in 28 volumes. They say 42 volumes will not be enough.
8) Gandhi practiced indriya control (as written in his biography), Dr. Ambedkar married second time for health reason.
9) Gandhi did not advocate reservation for OBC, Dr. Ambedkar resigned from ministry for OBC reservation.
10) Gandhi is not responsible for partition . Tilak and Jinah had passed this resolution in 1917 itself. Dr. Ambedkar did not divide India into caste , it is done through texts like Manusmriti, Purush Sukta, Tatriya Brahman etc.
11) Gandhi was killed by Nathuram Godse , Dr. Ambedkar died in sleep (debate) after completing the book "The Buddha and His Dhamma".
12) Gandhi was fond of spinning cotton, Dr. Ambedkar was fond of reading and writing Books.
13) Gandhi claimed to be leader of harijans and showed 2 telegrams in 2nd round table conference in London, Dr. Ambedkar did not claim to be leader of harijans but showed thousand telegrams in the same meeting.
14) Gandhi refused to give equal human status to Shudras and advocated 4 varna (vertical) system, Dr. Ambedkar committed his life for equal human status to Shudras and asked Gandhi if he can give the same 4 varna (horizontal) system. Gandhi denied.
15) Gandhi described Shudras as harijans (Children of God) but did not describe upper caste as children of whom. Dr. Ambedkar said that calling Shudras as harijans means the same, infact harijans means bastards which is more derogatory..
16) Gandhi could do all work with help of many prominent leaders and moneyed people, Dr. Ambedkar did all things single-handedly.
17) Gandhi never fought election. Dr. Ambedkar lost lok sabha election to 7th pass congress candidate But he won Rajya Sabha election from Jasor & Khulna dist of Bengal, and because of which these districts were given to bangledesh considering the prople of this places as defectors to congress.
18) Gandhi went on fast to death in Poona (now Pune) against empowerment of so called his harijans. Dr. Ambedkar in reluctance signed the Poona pact and saved his life.
19) There is no contribution of Gandhi for India’s economy, but still his picture is on the Indian currency. Dr. Ambedkar’s thesis ‘problem of rupee’ was the base for the establishment of Reserve Bank of India, but still his picture is no where.
20) Many of the Gandhi’s statues are sponsored by congress. Many of Dr. Ambedkar’s statue are sponsored by people through their own money.
21) Gandhi refused to respect Indian national flag as it has Ashoka Chakra. Dr. Ambedkar’s threw his weight for Ashoka Chakra in Indian national flag.
22) Gandhi remained in the discriminatory varna system. Dr. Ambedkar led his people to convert to the equalitarian and humanistic Buddhist religion.
I agree with the comments mentioned above by respected citizen of our country. It really doubts about your view on our respected heroes that have walked on this soil even before Gandhi. I want to mention the below names
Achrya Chankya: This great guru of Chandragupta has given fundamentals of economics and how a country should be ruled. His teachings are still studied and applied all over the world. He was having views of unifying the whole India and to make powerful country called Bharat( now we call it India). He made it realize by going through many hardships. We have the history which proves our map of our acenitent India.
Guttam Buddha: This great teacher had teached many great things to the people. Which is also now followed in the Eastern countries ( Japan , China).
Swami Veivekananda: He was the person who had preached the real meaning of the Hinduism to the world and also brought the respect for the Hindu culture.
Chartapati Shivaji Maharaj: This great Warrior from Maharashtra kept alive the flames of unified India by keep Mughuls at his toes.
Veer Savakar, Guru Govind Singh , Rani Laxmibai etc the list of great names is end less and if you try to pick the any one of the name you won’t discard another one.
One obvious question must have arised in your mind why the I am mentioning the above names, the reason is, if we trace our history back in the past we will find that today’s country in which we are living has not formed all of sudden after the 15 Aug 1947. The foundation stone was lied hundred’s of year before the this date by many of our ancestor. They have fought and died to get the shape of the today’s country. Above mentioned names have really shaped our country and our vision towards the country.
If you just look into the past you will also find the there are many people who have fought against orthodox views that was existed in our society. There are many things to write on this, a suggestion if you are really respecting the great Indian you should first consider the sacrifice and the teaching of our ancestor’ s. Don’t start our history by mentioning the Gandhi was the greatest Indian that walked on the soil of India. This is a grave insult to our ancestor. Instead change the name of the program from ‘The Greatest Indian’ to ‘The Greatest Indian of the Era’. Long live the Glory and the teachings of our ancestor in our blood.
Dr. Ambedkar : The Greatest Indian not After.
We at Outlookindia.com welcome feedback and your comments, including scathing criticism
1. Scathing, passionate, even angry critiques are welcome, but please do not indulge in abuse and invective. Our Primary concern is to keep the debate civil. We urge our users to try and express their disagreements without being disagreeable. Personal attacks are not welcome. No ad hominem please.
2. Please do not post the same message again and again in the same or different threads
3. Please keep your responses confined to the subject matter of the article you are responding to. Please note that our comments section is not a general free-for-all but for feedback to articles/blogs posted on the site
4. Our endeavour is to keep these forums unmoderated and unexpurgated. But if any of the above three conditions are violated, we reserve the right to delete any comment that we deem objectionable and also to withdraw posting privileges from the abuser. Please also note that hate-speech is punishable by law and in extreme circumstances, we may be forced to take legal action by tracing the IP addresses of the poster.
5. If someone is being abusive or personal, or generally being a troll or a flame-baiter, please do not descend to their level. The best response to such posters is to ignore them and send us a message at Mail AT outlookindia DOT com with the subject header COMPLAINT
6. Please do not copy and paste copyrighted material. If you do think that an article elsewhere has relevance to the point you wish to make, please only quote what is considered fair-use and provide a link to the article under question.
7. There is no particular outlookindia.com line on any subject. The views expressed in our opinion section are those of the author concerned and not that of all of outlookindia.com or all its authors.
8. Please also note that you are solely responsible for the comments posted by you on the site. The comments could be deleted or edited entirely at our discretion if we find them objectionable. However, the mere fact of their existence on our site does not mean that we necessarily approve of their contents. In short, the onus of responsibility for the comments remains solely with the authors thereof. Outlookindia.com or any of its group publications, may, however, retains the right to publish any of these comments, with or without editing, in any medium whatsoever. It is therefore in your own interest to be careful before posting.
9.Outlookindia.com is not responsible in any manner whatsoever for how any search engine -- such as Google, Bing etc -- caches or displays these comments. Please note that you are solely responsible for posting these comments and it is a privilege being granted to our registered users which can be withdrawn in case of abuse. To reiterate:
a. Comments once posted can only be deleted at the discretion of outlookindia.com
b. The comments reflect the views of the authors and not of outlookindia.com
c. outlookindia.com is not responsible in any manner whatsoever for the way search engines cache or display these comments
d. Please therefore take due caution before you post any comments as your words could potentially be used against you
10. We have an online thread for our comments policy:
You are welcome to post your suggestions here or in case you have a specific issue, to directly email us at Mail AT outlookindia DOT com with the subject header COMPLAINT