As soon as the explosions go off, everyone looks up nervously. I’m in Pakistan for the Sindh Festival, and for the second night in a row, the fireworks displays rattle people around me, as they wonder if it’s bombs or guns going off. More than 3,200 people died due to violence in Karachi in 2013, making it the city’s deadliest year. At a cousin’s place, I hear of an SMS service that lets subscribers know where in the city there’s been violence that day, so they can avoid that area. It’s in this environment that PPP chairman Bilawal Bhutto Zardari tries to inject some cheer with music, an art and film festival, kite-flying, even a donkey derby!
There’s a lot of criticism for Bilawal’s non-seriousness, as he appears in an advertisement with the tag-line ‘Saeen toh Saeen, Saeen ka festival bhi Saeen’, where sister Bakhtawar attaches a massive moustache to him. Another ad mocks the army by calling the festival a cultural ‘coup’, with Bilawal reading out the announcement like one of the country’s former dictators would on PTV, saying, “I declare there is a cultural emergency in Pakistan”. His ‘Sindhi-man’ logo, on posters everywhere, is a rip-off of the Superman logo, and he has covered the city’s iconic Teen Talwar monument with giant ‘ajrak’ print socks with bright indigo and maroon designs over the sombre white marble. Hardly the stuff for the launch of the leader of a major political party, but it does help lift the spirit.
Site for Concern
Much of the criticism for Bilawal is reserved for launching the festival from Mohenjodaro, the 4,000-year-old site of the Indus valley civilisation. Archaeologists are outraged, UNESCO shoots off a stern letter. Only a month ago reports warned that the Mound of the Dead may crumble to dust. Bilawal’s defence is that it’s not floodlights that are the problem, but years of neglect and disuse. In an increasingly Arabised Pakistan, few look to the Indus valley civilisation as their heritage, and owning this piece of history, more connected to Pakistan’s east than its west, is a bold statement. A private event, with about 500 people, mostly PPP leaders and special invitees, may hardly be the answer, but it has certainly resulted in the site and surrounding areas being spruced up.
The festival showcases the wonders of Mohenjodaro, a city of about 40,000 residents, a thriving banking system, some evidence of democracy and an almost modern sewage system. Many snigger about how that’s more than most Pakistani towns can claim today. In deference to more conservative tastes, perhaps, the Mohenjodaro Dancing Girl’s image is nowhere in evidence. The artefact, housed in Delhi’s National Museum, has suffered slights in the past—like in 1999 when the culture ministry under the NDA government had scrapped a plan to make diaries with the icon on the cover (no item girls please!). The PPP Sindh government has now asked the government in Islamabad to formally request India to return the dancing girl. It remains to be seen if the ultra-conservative pml-n government, itself in the middle of talks with the Taliban, will pass on that request!
The one thing that is absolutely the same in both India and Pakistan is the Parsi community. If the Tatas, Godrejs and Wadias lead industry in India, it’s the Avaris, Cowasjees, Minwallas and Framjees in Pakistan. Like in India, Parsis are amongst the wealthiest in Pakistan too, known for their honesty and hard work and are fiercely patriotic. My great-aunt of 91 years says she wouldn’t leave Pakistan for anything, even as she acknowledges that many others are being forced to leave because of rising crime—both extortion and extremism (there are only about 1,700 Parsis in Pakistan now, mostly in Karachi).
On Sundays, many can be found at the Sindh Club brunch, and the rules of attendance—collared shirts, no mobile phones on the premises etc—are enforced most strictly. Even Bilawal’s private charter to Mohenjodaro was kept waiting, as he had an appointment he couldn’t put off: the ‘at-home’ at the club, where he had to be cleared for membership by (mostly Parsi) committee members!
The Princes’ Diaries
For Bilawal, the obvious comparisons are to Rahul Gandhi. Both have lost a parent to assassinations, both are educated abroad and spent time outside their country. Both belong to parties that are at low ebb in popularity. As I sit down to interview Bilawal, back in India all the buzz is about Rahul Gandhi’s first TV interview and the criticism it has received. During my interview with him, Bilawal acknowledges the similarities between the two dynasties, and says he was impressed by Rahul when he met him. When I ask how both of them are bachelors, he laughs, and replies in a snap: “Well, I’m only 25, while he is considerably older!”
I spotted PPP’s new power couple: the seriously glamorous culture minister Sharmila Faruqui, who is engaged to Bilawal Bhutto’s chief of staff and advisor, Hashaam Riaz Sheikh
Suhasini Haidar is the foreign affairs editor of the news channel CNN-IBN; E-mail your diarist: suhasini.haidar AT network18online.com
Thank you to all those who have taken the trouble to read the article and share their thoughts. Out of the arguments made here, there are two that perhaps need answering. So here they go.
1. The first part of the article compares outcomes (relative percentages of population of the religions concerned) irrespective of the process that led to those outcomes - whether immigration, relatively faster population growth or conversions. This was for two reasons. One, to put the figure of 2.3 per cent in "numerical perspective", as the article itself explained. The second reason was that outcomes are ultimately what the crux of debate is about. The rest of the article in any case dealt with process - or conversions in this case, from both a contemporary and historical perspective.
2. Some commenters have tried to cast doubts on the reliability of Census 2001. Those who do this should bear in mind that Census 2001 was conducted by a BJP government. Considering the extreme importance that BJP gives to this issue, it would be reasonable to expect that IF it had perceived a problem with the methodology that was distorting the numbers, it would have fixed it. As the article mentioned, BJP or BJP-supported governments have been in power for 10 of the last 40 years, or about a quarter of the time, and the only reasonable conclusion one can arrive at is that any misreporting of numbers, real or perceived, would be marginal and hence, not of importance.
To all other arguments made, my answer is the following: Please read the article again, with particular focus on the quotations of Vivekananda and Monier Williams, and the history of the missionary efforts in Bengal and their outcome.
>>There is a sizable population of Hindus in Sindh and both communities get along well.
In the Land of the Pure, the minorities are thriving like no place on earth. It is another matter that the their numbers as a percentage of the total population has almost reached zero. But you can't fault the Land of the Pure for that. They may have decided to convert to the religion of peace or decided to exterminate themselves. But that was clearly their free choice.
I have to apologise for calling Jyoti Punwani a man. I had recently read an article by Dr. Ram Puniyani, a former professor of biomedical egineering at IIT Mumbai and an activist for communal harmony and I wrongly assumed that the writer being referred to by Anwaar was this gentleman, since the surname are very similar. The error is regretted.
Just looked up Jyoti Punwani and I don't blame DLN Narayan garu - no offense to her, but she does look male until you look carefully enough.
>> Dr Jyoti Punwani is a male.
No, she is a woman.
>>@ Anwaar - Dr Jyoti Punwani is a male
>>@ Anwaar - Dr Jyoti Punwani is a male
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