Indonesians agree on little, but there is near-unanimity on the defining characteristic of Jakarta: the traffic jam. For much of the day, the groaning infrastructure of this city of 10 million faces near-collapse as commuters crawl about. There is one unlikely beneficiary of this: Twitter. Sitting in stationary cars, or waiting endlessly at bus-stops, Jakartavasis send out more tweets on average than residents of Tokyo, London or New York. This Twitter obsession has spawned new industries, with companies paying “buzzers” (people with a substantial Twitter following) tiny fortunes to tweet brand promotions. New professions include buzzer scouts, who try and find the right fit between companies and haute Twitterati.
Amongst the city’s most avid tweeters is Indonesian president Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, who made Twitter history last year when he resorted to the social media platform to make foreign policy. Not for him stodgy note verbales or other conventional weapons of the diplomatic arsenal. When (thanks to Edward Snowden) it came to light that Australia had been tapping his phone, the president’s immediate response was to tweet his displeasure at Australian prime minister Tony Abbot’s lack of a feeling of guilt. Yudhoyono didn’t mince his words, saying he “deplored” his Australian counterpart’s behaviour and that he was intent on “protesting loudly”. So loudly, in fact, that all his 4.7 million followers heard it.
Not quite in the two-term president’s Twitter league yet, the popular governor of Jakarta, Joko Widodo, has 1.3 million followers. But he has almost as many journalists covering him, with a permanent posse of political paparazzi parked outside his residence in central Jakarta’s leafy Menteng neighbourhood.The Indian ambassador’s residence is next to the governor’s home, with the happy side-effect that every party the ambassador throws gets great press coverage. Bored of hanging around Widodo’s house, journalists turn up for free lunch next door and have become au fait with the fine distinctions between rasmalai and rosogolla.
The number of free-lunching hacks at the Indian embassy looks set to spike given that Widodo has just been nominated as a candidate in the upcoming presidential elections in July. Polls predict he is a shoo-in for the post. The Jakarta governor’s popularity stems from a combination of his anti-corruption crusading, his refusal of the trappings of power like an official car, and his penchant for mingling with the aam admi by making almost daily visits to local markets and slums to take in conditions first-hand. Sound familiar? Well, luckily for the fashion-conscious, Widodo is never seen with either a muffler—or any kind of headdress. He has been known to sport a leather jacket though, as when he attended a Metallica concert last year, or performed a song in front of a huge audience at British band Arkarna’s Jakarta show.
Although Indonesia is a Muslim majority country, it has a long Hindu-Buddhist history. So the quotidian here is intertwined with the imagery and idiom of Hindu epics. My local mechanic is called Rama Repairs, and my Muslim banker is named Wisnu (Vishnu). I discover a nationwide charitable foundation for twins called the Nakula and Sadewa Society, and a support group for Indonesian women in mixed marriages named Srikandi (Shikhandi).
Just driving around Jakarta’s streets is an education in the Mahabharata. Buses are painted with large advertisements for an energy drink called Kuku Bima, which promises Bhima-like endurance. Opposite the city’s main national monument, Monas, is a kinetic statue of Arjuna being driven by Krishna to battle on a chariot led by eight horses. Further west, one of the most congested arteries is Gatot Subroto, named after a much-feted army general. An appropriate name as it turns out the name Gatot is a diminutive for Ghatotkacha, Bhima’s fearsome half-demon warrior son.
People here pepper their conversations with words like karena (because), manushya (humanity) and bumiputra (son of the soil). The national museum’s nickname is ‘museum gajah’ after the statue of an elephant on the front lawn. The national language, Bahasa, has lots of Sanskrit-derived vocabulary, the word itself for one. But the familiarity should not be taken for granted. If you hear people discussing chinta, for example, there’s no need to pass them the Prozac. In Bahasa, chinta means love rather than anxiety. And it’s common to be offered some susu at parties and restaurants—not because Indonesians are closet Morarji Desai fans but because it’s the Bahasa word for milk.
I was intrigued by a car sticker I spotted outside the Ministry of Religious Affairs that seemed to say: ‘I Love Madrasis’. It turned out to be: ‘I Love Madarsas’.
Previously based in Beijing and Brussels, Pallavi Aiyar is the author, most recently, of Punjabi Parmesan; E-mail your diarist: pallavi.aiyar AT gmail.com
Thank you to all those who have taken the trouble to read the article and share their thoughts. Out of the arguments made here, there are two that perhaps need answering. So here they go.
1. The first part of the article compares outcomes (relative percentages of population of the religions concerned) irrespective of the process that led to those outcomes - whether immigration, relatively faster population growth or conversions. This was for two reasons. One, to put the figure of 2.3 per cent in "numerical perspective", as the article itself explained. The second reason was that outcomes are ultimately what the crux of debate is about. The rest of the article in any case dealt with process - or conversions in this case, from both a contemporary and historical perspective.
2. Some commenters have tried to cast doubts on the reliability of Census 2001. Those who do this should bear in mind that Census 2001 was conducted by a BJP government. Considering the extreme importance that BJP gives to this issue, it would be reasonable to expect that IF it had perceived a problem with the methodology that was distorting the numbers, it would have fixed it. As the article mentioned, BJP or BJP-supported governments have been in power for 10 of the last 40 years, or about a quarter of the time, and the only reasonable conclusion one can arrive at is that any misreporting of numbers, real or perceived, would be marginal and hence, not of importance.
To all other arguments made, my answer is the following: Please read the article again, with particular focus on the quotations of Vivekananda and Monier Williams, and the history of the missionary efforts in Bengal and their outcome.
And Pallavi Aiyar could have enlightened the readers about some of the controversies in Indonesia, and how those issues are viewed by a cross section of the population. We know about the Wendy Doniger controversy because of the sheer decibel level it reached in India, and elsewhere. But Indonesia must be having a whole range of debatable, arguable subjects, covering history, politics, religion, economics, the environment, sociology et al.
What are they? Tell us about them. Don't just speak about the traffic, what are the various issues in Indonesia?
I wish my Muslim and Christian co-citizens to have at least the curiosity to learn and understand the ancient culture (not all of which is religious, but a lot of secular, scientific and mathemtaics related literature) of India which survived focused onslaughts by invaders through the 8th to 20th century. Even now Indian culture is continuous insiduous attack both from within (so-called leftist intellectuals) and from outside by self styled indologists who want to denigrate and slowly destroy this ancient culture! Even though Indonesia is the largest Islamic nation, they have not forgotten their ancient culture which was a legacy from ancient India left not by the sword but through interactions between the nations for trade...
It's very very curious, that we never hear much about Indonesia's history or politics. Historically, Indonesia was controlled by the Dutch. There must be a whole range of complex emotions, perceptions, ideas( including historical controversies of the Indian type) regarding that phase of Indonesia's history. They are never referred to in the mainstream Western media. For India, The British period has been extensively covered, and we read about the range of feelings Indians have on the subject.
What about Indonesia? How do Indonesians feel about their country being dominated by the Netherlands for over a century and a half? What is the state of the relationship between Indonesia and the Netherlands? Are there any major films, books, plays dealing with that relationship?
India wasn't the only country that experienced colonial domination. What about the Indonesia's the Congo's, the Philippines' et al? What are their stories?
FACT- HINDUS and HINDUISM HAVE A FUTURE IN ISLAMIC INDONESIA BUT NOT IN KASHMIR VALLEY WHICH IS INCIDENTALLY PART OF SECULAR, 80% HINDU INDIA!
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