“I have taken some loan from you for this trust but I couldn’t repay you. Please forgive me. I am leaving.”
These 21 words in three selective lines (the police wouldn’t part with the original or a copy) indicate that the author ‘left’ of his own accord, even provides a plausible motive. But five years after Baba Ramdev’s guru, Swami Shankardev, went missing from the Divya Yog ashram in Haridwar in July 2007, the mystery behind his disappearance has not been lifted; in fact, more intrigue has unravelled after an Outlook-IBN undercover investigation. And not only because someone tampered with the date of the letter and sought to make it July 14 from July 11; or because the police was informed by Ramdev’s Man Friday, Acharya Balkrishna, only on July 16, a full two days or more after his disappearance.
The policeman who filed the final report (FR) this April admits on camera that he was “forced” to file it. He says he was reluctant to do so because of the sensitivity of the case but was bluntly told that he would have to close the case if he valued his job. Now, who would be interested in bringing such pressure on the police and why? That too after the file had gathered dust for five years?
It remains unclear what really happened in July 2007—or in the run-up to it. Ramdev, the present head, was himself out of the country at the time. Swami Shankardev’s ‘final letter’—addressed to Ramdev’s brother-in-law Yash Dev Shastri—would have people believe that the guru, who suffered from tuberculosis of the spinal cord and possibly of the lungs, “left” because he could not repay his “loans”. One inmate alleges that Shankardev was reduced to selling cardboard and styrofoam boxes of medicines to foot his medical bills during his last few months at the ashram.
Bitter medicine? The entrance to the Divya Yog Trust, Patanjali, Haridwar. (Photograph by Jitender Gupta)
How much money could Swami Shankardev have taken as loan, when, and for what purpose? At the time of his disappearance, he held two bank accounts: one (a/c 0251000-100-100-172) at the Punjab National Bank, which had a balance of Rs 2,420, and the other at the Indian Overseas Bank (a/c 51879), which had a balance of Rs 1,881. But with the ashram expanding and thriving (its 2007 turnover was Rs 50 crore), why would he find it difficult to repay any loan? What is more, the people to whom he ostensibly owed money were also inmates of the ashram and hardly cash rich.
Surprisingly, Baba Ramdev did not meet the investigators even once regarding the disappearance of his guru, the man who transferred the Divya Yog ashram to him and made him chairman.
So, in April 2012, the police closed the case, having failed to make any headway. So what’s new? Thousands of Indians disappear every year, never to be found. But then Shankardev was not just another old man. He was one of the four trustees and had the powers to veto decisions taken by the trust. While his two personal bank accounts had a combined balance of a paltry four thousand rupees, he was an authorised signatory and could operate the trust’s bank accounts.
And yet, his disappearance did not create much of a flutter. The ashram showed little urgency in trying to trace its own founder, who had voluntarily given up the reins of the ashram in 1995 to his far more worldly-wise and nationally known disciple, Baba Ramdev.
Investigations conducted by the police were perfunctory. Explains SI R.B. Chamola, a member of the investigating team, “Nobody took any interest in this case; I do not remember anyone ever asking about the progress of the investigation.” Chamola, incidentally, is the same man who led a special Delhi Police team which arrested Sher Singh Rana, former dacoit queen Phoolan Devi’s killer, from Calcutta after he had escaped from Tihar—a “competent policeman” with 52 encounters under his belt.
Chamola admits on camera that the old man could have been a victim of a criminal conspiracy: “Aaj bhi agar aap Haridwar mein jaoge to kaafi sare log yehi kahenge ki yeh sab inhi ka kiya hua kaam hai (Even now, if you go to Haridwar, people will freely say it’s an inside job).”
Chamola adds: “Guru inhi ke paas thhe, missing bhi inhi ki taraf se registered hui kyunki saari cheezein dekhte bhi yahi thhe. Ab jab ek complainer hai uski family ya wohi kuch complaint nahi kar raha hai police se. (Guru lived with others in the ashram. Missing complaint was filed by them as they looked after everything. Now, when a complainant is not following up, what can be done?)”
An old associate of Shankardev, Karamveer, Chamola added, had also voiced his doubts over the disappearance of the titular head. Karamveer left the ashram after Swamiji handed over charge to Ramdev. Vipin Pradhan, a colleague of Karamveer at the Divya Yog ashram, also left with him. According to the police report, when the investigating officer met Vipin, he said: “Trust mein bhai-bhatijawaad badh gaya thha. Purane logon ki awhelna ho rahi thhi. Shankardevji 70-75 saal ke buzurg hain. Beemar bhi rehte hain. Balkrishanji aur Ramdev ke vyavhar se dukhi thhe. Unko koi nahi poochta thha. Na hi unki koi haisiyat thhi. (Blood relations were given preference over senior people in the ashram. Shankardev was an old, sick man. He was upset with the behaviour of Balkrishnaji and Ramdev. Nobody bothered about him, nor did he have any say over there.)”
Earlier this year, pressure was finally exerted to get the case closed. SI Surendra Bisht, who filed the FR in April 2012, claims he had initially refused, on the plea that it was a sensitive case and required supervision of officers holding superior positions. “Main toh bas SI hi hoon (I am just an SI),” he had protested. But he was bluntly told that he would have to pay a heavy price if he failed to comply with the order. “Kyun, naukri nahin karni hai kya? (Don’t you want to continue in service?)” he was asked. Not surprisingly, he agreed to close the case (“Maine kaha theek hai, theek hai”).
The case should have been treated far more seriously from the beginning, he reflected, saying far greater urgency was on display while closing the case.
Pradeep Chauhan, investigating officer of the case in 2011, when contacted, ruled out any possibility of foul play. But he conceded that in 2007 Ramdev was well respected and his stars were in the ascendant. He was not embroiled in any controversy or dispute either. “It is possible that because of his aura, nobody suspected any foul play,” he says.
Documents related to the investigation indicate that Shankardev’s final letter was sent for forensic examination along with several samples of the old man’s writing. The report of the forensic lab at Dehradun confirmed that the handwriting in the letter matched that of the one in the samples. But the date on the letter had been tampered with and a different date had been overwritten with the help of a different pen and with different ink.
First person reports raise sufficient doubts to merit a reinvestigation. By all accounts, Shankardev was a well-meaning person and was not driven by worldly ambitions of expanding his empire. He had handed over the reins of the ashram at the age of 66 to Ramdev.
The most damning indictment, though, comes from a former driver at the ashram, Rahul. The old man in later years was treated with utter disdain, he claims. The ashram, which was rolling in money and boasted of a fleet of cars, would refuse to provide a vehicle and ask him to take a rickshaw instead when he travelled. The old man would often lament his decision to cede control of the ashram to others and speak to people sympathetic to him. On such occasions, he would often be beaten up by the bouncers (“Andar ke jo worker hain, woh batate thhe ki aaj Maharajji pe bajaya hai”). Rahul also says on camera that the old man was more fond of Karamveer. But whenever he was caught speaking to the former inmate over the phone, he would be locked up and confined by way of punishment. Shankardev, he claims, was suffering from several ailments but was not treated properly.
Investigation by the police also found that Shankardev had not been to see his doctor for at least a year-and-a-half before he disappeared, though he suffered from tuberculosis of the lungs as well as the spinal cord. But Dr Kamal Nayan Gambhir claimed he was suffering from spinal tuberculosis alone and had been to see him even on the day he disappeared. Which of the two claims can be deemed credible and why would the police ‘misquote’ the doctor?
A shoddy investigation, police indifference and inaction followed by a sudden burst of activity to put a lid on the case, have raised many eyebrows in this hills district. A dark shadow still hangs over an old man’s disappearance.
The man being a thorn in the side of several politicians, it’s not difficult to guess who or what prompted ibn to do the story on Baba Ramdev (If the Pose Holds, Oct 15). But I can’t understand why Outlook should have agreed to this joint venture with the channel. It’s not exactly an image-booster for the magazine.
Manish Anand, New Delhi
Uttarakhand, where Haridwar lies, is a Congress-ruled state, and we all know that the Congress isn’t exactly fond of Baba Ramdev. But if a kangressi state has been unable to unearth (or manufacture) evidence against him, then there really is no case, journalists seeking cheap sensationalism notwithstanding.
Your timing absolutely stinks! After going through the story carefully twice, I didn’t find a single thing that could have merited the story itself. And I am not even a fan or follower of Baba Ramdev!
Pankaj Jethi, Jagadhri
When a case is a high-profile one and the hands of the police are tied, both investigation and justice are bound to go to the dogs.
M.Y. Shariff, Chennai
So Outlook is a willing partner in the Establishment taking care of those against it.
Thank you to all those who have taken the trouble to read the article and share their thoughts. Out of the arguments made here, there are two that perhaps need answering. So here they go.
1. The first part of the article compares outcomes (relative percentages of population of the religions concerned) irrespective of the process that led to those outcomes - whether immigration, relatively faster population growth or conversions. This was for two reasons. One, to put the figure of 2.3 per cent in "numerical perspective", as the article itself explained. The second reason was that outcomes are ultimately what the crux of debate is about. The rest of the article in any case dealt with process - or conversions in this case, from both a contemporary and historical perspective.
2. Some commenters have tried to cast doubts on the reliability of Census 2001. Those who do this should bear in mind that Census 2001 was conducted by a BJP government. Considering the extreme importance that BJP gives to this issue, it would be reasonable to expect that IF it had perceived a problem with the methodology that was distorting the numbers, it would have fixed it. As the article mentioned, BJP or BJP-supported governments have been in power for 10 of the last 40 years, or about a quarter of the time, and the only reasonable conclusion one can arrive at is that any misreporting of numbers, real or perceived, would be marginal and hence, not of importance.
To all other arguments made, my answer is the following: Please read the article again, with particular focus on the quotations of Vivekananda and Monier Williams, and the history of the missionary efforts in Bengal and their outcome.
The writer of this article 'Pushp Sharma' has been charged in various fraud,blackmailing cases. Now this itself is interesting that IBN and Outlook chose to buy the sting from a criminal. So did they deal with him without searching his background? Or were they so desperate to show something against Baba Ramdev,so they didn't think anything before dealing with this guy Pushp Sharma? I just clicked on the author name and found that this is the ONLY article of this person on Outlook. It means he is not a regular contributor.
Well, IBN group has no credibility. Those who don't have access to social media OR those who don't visit sites like mediacrooks.com would be the only ones who think IBN is a great news producer. We still remember what they did with cash for vote sting. Their very own Vijay Darda who is the owner of LOKMAT group and is a partner of IBN(and a Congress party MP) is an accused in Coal Gate scam and his companies were raided by CBI. IBN's 2011 balancesheet reveals that in the single financial year of 2011-2012,their profit reached at peak while in the very previous year,they had the loss of the same amount. How did this channel manage to turn the tables in a single year? Maybe in Robert Vadra style?
Well,the truth is that Congress government wanted to reopen the case of Ramdev's Guru Shankardev but they were afraid that they will be accused of framing Ramdev quite every month in a new case because ED,CBI etc are already behind him after he started his aandolan against Black Money. So IBN-OUTLOOK came up with this sting operation and asked the UT govt-- 'will you reopen the case?' Govt wanted the same,so replied--''yes,yes, we are gonna do so''. On the other hand, these media houses presented it as their victory by saying ''IBN Impact,Outlook Impact''. LOL. But every sensible person would understand that there is no bravery in doing such a sting against someone who is fighting against the government and against whom govt is always ready to use it's agencies. Why don't these news groups show such bravery to find how Sonia Gandhi became 4th richest politician of the world? Why was Rahul Gandhi detained with a huge cash on Boston Airport by FBI ? How was the family of Sukanya Devi mysteriously disappeared after Rahul Gandhi raped her and the case went into court?
If you guys can enter in a gutter to find posters against Narendra Modi then you must show us that you can do the same against Gandhis too. But you can't do so because the main earning of most of the India's media houses comes from the 'Dalaali' of Congress party. People who trust media channels are those whose world is only limited to their TV sets or the websites of these channels. Go and find out beyond this, you will know how we are being made fool by these media crooks and their fake,scripted debates.
Ramdev being a thorn in the sides of certain politicians, we can well guess at who prompted IBN to do this story. But it is beyond belief that Outlook should have agreed to this joint venture with IBN. Not exactly an image booster for Outlook.
Uttarakhand, where Haridwar lies, is a Congress-ruled state, and we all know the Congress isn't exactly fond of Baba Ramdev. If a Congressi state hasn't been able to unearth (or even manufacture) evidence against him, chances are that there isn't really a case - journalists looking for cheap sensationalism notwithstanding.
"All religion is embroiled in violence and controversy.
Ramdevs trust is no exception."
Typical ANTI-MALE rhetoric. Making senseless allegations just because Ramdev is a MALE !
>>since everyone knows that Yog guru is more interested in hushing up this matter rather than Truth coming out.
Everyone knows?? And we are supposed to heed your advice of seeing this work with an unbiased mind?
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