Between the adulation and sycophancy of Congressmen on the one hand and the ridicule and contempt of the Opposition on the other, Rahul Gandhi has managed to remain an enigma. The reclusive, reluctant politician, who avoids the media spotlight like the plague, is difficult to decipher. A forthcoming book seeks to unravel the man behind the mask.
The Importance Of Compromise
Rahul Gandhi rarely gives interviews. In 2010, he sat down to take questions from Merrow Golden and Ashleigh Lamming from his alma mater, Cambridge University, on education. The interview appeared in the campus publication, Varsity.
Looking back on his time at Trinity College in Cambridge, Rahul Gandhi would tell Varsity magazine, “My time at Cambridge was immensely influential in shaping the person I am today.” When his interviewers asked him why, he said it was mainly so in terms of what he learned on the course, in particular the economic theory he covered. He didn’t, however, mention any specific theories. Development economics is one of the “core papers” that students of the MPhil in development studies at Cambridge have to take.
Though Rahul spoke of how he had been influenced by the economic theory he studied at Cambridge, he qualified this by talking of how he had “changed a lot” since then. He said he now disagreed with a lot of what he was taught at Cambridge. “I’m a lot less left-wing now than I was, for one thing,” he said.
Rahul also described his Cambridge year as a “very strange time” from the point of view of a student living away from home. “My father had just died, and I went from being at the centre of all that to being completely on my own and being in a place where no one knew who I was,” he said. He didn’t do much at Cambridge outside of his course, he said. “I did boxing, and played squash, but I spent most of my time studying, and I only really got to know people in my course.”
When he was asked what was the most important thing he learned at Cambridge, Rahul said it was “the importance of compromise”. Ashleigh Lamming said he elaborated on this comment, saying the Cambridge teaching system had helped him learn how not just to argue his own opinion, but to find a solution that takes all points of view into account.
The interviewers had also asked him where he would like to see Indian education going in the future. He replied with a candour that is usually missing in his public utterances: “The Indian education system is about 800 years behind the British one. We still teach as if we were living in medieval times, as if universities had a monopoly on knowledge and books were the only source of information. The role of the teacher should be about helping children to manage all the different sources of information, and make decisions for themselves about what they believe based on critical evaluation of the competing sources of information.”
Ashleigh Lamming described her impressions of Rahul during her interview with him in an e-mail. She said she remembered thinking that he expressed himself like an “economist”. She said: “He tended to talk about things using economic language—he talked about affirmative action (for Dalits and women, which he supported) as being a problem of ‘supply and demand’, and...talked about teachers no longer having a ‘monopoly’ over information, but being one of many ‘competing’ sources of it. At this point in the interview, he reached for a pen and paper and drew an elaborate economic diagram to illustrate a teacher as being one competing source of information.” She said he appeared “very fond of Cambridge as a town, and of Trinity College in particular”.
Caught on the boundary Rahul and Veronique
Rahul has zealously guarded his private life and his decision to remain single, though he is on the wrong side of 40, has fuelled endless speculation over his marital status.
It is at Cambridge that he also met his girlfriend, Veronique. The gossip circuit in Delhi had known of Rahul’s Colombian love interest back in London when he came down to help his mother with her maiden campaign tour in 1998. Then he was spotted and photographed watching an India-England World Cup cricket match in Edgbaston, Birmingham, in 1999, with a leggy young woman, rumoured to be his girlfriend.
This was about the same time that the political campaign against Sonia Gandhi’s foreign origins was gaining steam in India. The photograph of Rahul and his friend fuelled speculation about the status of their relationship. It raised the politically-laden prospect of another foreigner coming into the Nehru-Gandhi family. At that time, it was believed that Sonia did not particularly approve of the relationship, given its politically uncomfortable connotations.
The rumours were given a fresh lease of life when Rahul was spotted holidaying with her in the Andamans at the end of 1999. By then, her identity in the press had crystallised as Rahul’s mysterious Colombian girlfriend.
At a year-end family vacation in Kerala and Lakshadweep in 2003, Rahul and his friend were accompanied by his sister Priyanka and her family during that trip. By this time, the press had presumed her name to be Juanita.
Finally, during the 2004 Amethi election campaign, Rahul shed some light on his relationship with this mystery woman while speaking to journalist Vrinda Gopinath of The Indian Express. “My girlfriend’s name is Veronique, not Juanita... she is Spanish and not Venezuelan or Colombian. She is an architect, not a waitress, though I wouldn’t have had a problem with that. She is also my best friend.”
After he won from Amethi, he held a rare informal interaction with journalists in his constituency. They asked about his girlfriend’s nationality, to which he replied she had been living in Venezuela for a long time although her parents were Spanish. He also said that he was not planning on getting married anytime soon.
That was the last time he openly spoke about his romantic relationship to the press. He continues to be a bachelor and not much has been heard of Veronique since Rahul’s revelations in 2004.
Long before he entered politics, Rahul Gandhi had worked in London for the better part of three years, under an assumed name.
He was back in London working for Michael Porter’s management consultancy firm, Monitor. Many years ago, Rahul was asked during a ragging session by senior students at St Stephen’s College, what he would do after completing his graduation. He had replied that, in most probability, he would get a Masters in Business Administration (mba). Though he did not get an MBA degree, the career he chose for himself in management consultancy was what an MBA-holder would have aspired to.
Monitor describes itself as a “strategy consulting firm that focuses on top management issues most critical to long-term competitiveness”. It works with large multinational corporations, governments and non-profit organisations and is known to be notoriously guarded about its clients. Michael Porter, a management guru from Harvard Business School, was one of the co-founders of Monitor.
Monitor refused a request for an interview with Rahul’s colleagues at the firm. It also declined information on Rahul’s role within the organisation, his key result areas or the industry sectors that Rahul had specialised in during his stint at the company. Monitor’s Michael Goldberg, however, confirmed in an e-mail that Rahul Gandhi had worked for the company “starting late June 1996 through early March 1999”.
According to sources, who have known Rahul from his time at Monitor, there were no problems with his performance at the firm. He worked there under an assumed name and his colleagues did not know of his real identity, said a Monitor employee who was at the firm around the same time as Rahul. “His looks gave it away to those of us who knew who he could be,” the source said.
Rahul’s performance on the job at Monitor was to a large extent determined by his own talent and skills. This was an important formative experience for him. His entire politics has been marked by an engagement with issues that are long-term in character, whether it pertains to his working on reviving the Congress’s organisational structure in states where it has weakened or developing new leadership by bringing young people into the organisation. These concerns have dominated his politics rather than an emphasis on issues of immediate political concern.
While this may make sense from a professional management or strategy consultant’s point of view, Rahul’s role was never meant to be that of an organisational consultant to the Congress party. This has become a problem area with his politics and went against him in the way he was perceived in the Congress and outside.
It is telling that on his resume on the Parliament website, Rahul Gandhi still continues to call himself a “strategy consultant” in the column under “profession”.
On his return from London, he set up a start-up company, triggering reports which were unflattering. He withdrew from the company, however, in the face of hostile reports in the media.
Rahul made the transition from consultancy to entrepreneurship in 2002 by setting up a firm called Backops. The new firm’s name left no one in doubt about its nature of work. Rahul himself described the company as an engineering design outsourcing firm.
In 2002, when he forayed into this business, India was emerging as one of the hottest destinations for bpos. The domestic economy was booming. The ecosystem for entrepreneurs in sunrise industry sectors had developed in India. For a globally networked 32-year-old, it was a time as good as any to jump on to the outsourcing bandwagon and put to test the business ideas he dispensed as a consultant.
The secrecy that surrounds almost every affair of the Gandhi family accompanied Backops as well. Although Rahul did declare his 83 per cent ownership of Backops (three other friends—Anil Thakur, Ranvir Sinha and Manoj Muttu—owned the rest) in his mandatory affidavit filed with the Election Commission while contesting from Amethi, the country first heard of the details of the venture when the Mumbai daily Mid-Day carried a story soon after the Congress’s surprise victory in the 2004 elections.
The paper made some sensational claims about this little-known Rahul-owned firm. The story said that Backops, a company not many had heard of, had secured plum projects like the city’s (Mumbai’s) international airport terminal building, the commercial complex at Phoenix Mills, Belapur railway station, the Wockhardt Hospital in Mulund, and buildings at the Osho Commune, Pune.
It was improbable that a start-up would bag parts of such key projects whose value ran into crores of rupees. The Backops office was a nondescript rabbit warren in south Mumbai’s Colaba. Did he use his family’s newfound political clout to grab these projects? Why and how did he get into this business in the first place? Was Backops a front for some other larger political design? These were some troubling questions that began to surround Backops. Matters weren’t helped by the usual stonewalling and silence from Rahul and his associates. It was somewhat surprising that Rahul chose to provide engineering design services. His educational background suggests he had no expertise whatsoever in the subject.
A Business Standard story a month later provided some answers. According to the incorporation documents filed with the roc, Rahul was the company’s majority owner. There was no other financial information about the company. No income statement was filed since its incorporation.
The company’s registered office was in central Delhi’s Deen Dayal Upadhyay Road. When a Business Standard correspondent visited the address, he found not Backops, but a chartered accountancy firm called Thakur Vaidyanath Aiyer and Company. Employees there hadn’t heard of Backops, and some became a little nervous when queried further.
When the paper contacted Rahul directly for information on his company, he was livid. Not in India when the correspondent called, he accused him of breaching his privacy and claimed he wasn’t obliged to speak to the media about his private affairs before hanging up. Surprisingly, he called back a few minutes later and, in a perceptibly calmer state of mind, offered to answer some queries, provided the questions were short. Rubbishing the claims Mid-Day had made about Backops bagging a dozen big-ticket infrastructure projects, Rahul explained that Backops was a fairly “small” company whose revenue was less than $100,000 or Rs 45 lakh back then. “It is a start-up that employs just eight people. I can’t talk about Backops’ exact revenue at this point of time, but it is in the sub-$100,000 region,” Rahul said.
He seemed fairly keen to grow the business despite his full-time involvement with politics. He was looking for a CEO who would look after Backops’s day-to-day affairs. But politics had taken a toll. He quit as a director of the company in 2009 with Priyanka replacing him. Backops isn’t a going concern today.
Springtime in sepia Rahul, Indira Gandhi’s “favourite grandson”, back when the Family was whole. (Photograph by Jitendra Arya)
A Scion Of Things To Come
Speaking to young children at the opening of a science fair at a Delhi school in November 2010, he told them how he was scared of darkness when he was young, as he felt it held “ghosts” and “bad things”. Then, he went on, one day his grandmother had asked him why he didn’t go and see for himself what was inside darkness. So, he had walked into the garden in the dark and he had kept walking and then realised suddenly that “there was nothing there in the darkness to be scared of”.
Sonia writes in Rajiv that Rahul would telephone from America, “consumed with anxiety” about his father’s security arrangements. She says Rajiv’s specialised security cover was withdrawn after he became leader of the opposition and it was replaced with a force not trained for this specific task. Rahul, who had gone to the US in June 1990 to start his undergraduate studies at Harvard University, insisted on coming back to India at the end of March 1991 for his Easter break. He accompanied his father on a tour of Bihar and was “appalled to witness the lack of elementary security around his father”. Sonia says that before going back to the US, Rahul had told her that if something was not done about it, he knew he would soon come home for his father’s funeral.
Someone had once asked him what his religion was. He had thought about it for a while and replied: “The Indian flag is my religion.” He concluded that after his father had died, he had promised himself that he would “serve the people this flag represents”. It would be a “disservice” to both his “religion and his party” if he took up “a job” before he knew what “our workers and people feel and need”. His “place right now was to learn and understand”. He thanked the party for its “feelings and support” and promised he would “not let them down”.
I was surprised to learn from the book extract of Decoding Rahul Gandhi that Rahul has a Cambridge degree and that he worked at Monitor, a firm that takes up the sort of work that McKinsey does. Since he does not have an MBA, Rahul is likely to have worked at the “analyst” level there. While these aren’t sterling credentials for a PM, I’d say he’s pretty well qualified.
Puneet, San Francisco
It’s not Rahul’s competence that’s important; in fact, it’s irrelevant. What’s important is the continuance of a political class that has built its career around the Nehru-Gandhi name. Rahul may have zero charisma and nil ideas but that doesn’t matter. People will put words in his mouth, thoughts in his head. The system will continue till it collapses in a way that’s inevitable.
M.K. Singh, Delhi
Except perhaps the BJP and the Left, most parties in India are run as dynasties. It’s the same in Bollywood, classical music and many big businesses; it’s ingrained in the caste-based Hindu culture.
Dipto, on e-mail
Rahul has so far been a big disappointment to his party followers. He has been clinging to safe obscurity in the Youth Congress. There’s no one else who can lead the Congress, but Rahul seems to have written off the 2014 elections altogether.
G. Venkatesh, Chennai
I have always wondered how supporters of the Congress and of dynasty live with themselves. It surely must be hurting their pride to humble themselves and cower before dynasty. Or does it not?
Rahul should save his family honour by taking up a profession that better suits his abilities. Leading India is not for him; he will only end up disgracing his family.
Kiran, Grenoble, France
I’m sure Kapil Sibal, P. Chidambaram and Manmohan Singh have reserved copies of Decoding Rahul. Salman Khurshid will review it, with the headline, ‘Dunk Us All in Rahul Baba’s Aura’.
True, Rahul has not yet been able to inspire confidence, nor is he articulate and knowledgeable about Indian politics. But what’s gratifying about him is that he is making an effort to tour poverty-stricken villages, staying with Dalits and trying to understand the problems of modern India. And don’t forget the fact that he has not shown any obscene haste to take up a hallowed post.
G. Niranjan Rao, Hyderabad
Nothing about Rahul is original—except perhaps the dimple on his chin.
Vinod Kumar, Delhi
Thank you to all those who have taken the trouble to read the article and share their thoughts. Out of the arguments made here, there are two that perhaps need answering. So here they go.
1. The first part of the article compares outcomes (relative percentages of population of the religions concerned) irrespective of the process that led to those outcomes - whether immigration, relatively faster population growth or conversions. This was for two reasons. One, to put the figure of 2.3 per cent in "numerical perspective", as the article itself explained. The second reason was that outcomes are ultimately what the crux of debate is about. The rest of the article in any case dealt with process - or conversions in this case, from both a contemporary and historical perspective.
2. Some commenters have tried to cast doubts on the reliability of Census 2001. Those who do this should bear in mind that Census 2001 was conducted by a BJP government. Considering the extreme importance that BJP gives to this issue, it would be reasonable to expect that IF it had perceived a problem with the methodology that was distorting the numbers, it would have fixed it. As the article mentioned, BJP or BJP-supported governments have been in power for 10 of the last 40 years, or about a quarter of the time, and the only reasonable conclusion one can arrive at is that any misreporting of numbers, real or perceived, would be marginal and hence, not of importance.
To all other arguments made, my answer is the following: Please read the article again, with particular focus on the quotations of Vivekananda and Monier Williams, and the history of the missionary efforts in Bengal and their outcome.
Ramki .... "In India we have a couple of states on Western And eastern India which are non feudal in that there are no political dynasties."
They might not be dynastic but them not being feudal might not be as true as you make them out to be. Dynastic I agree is always feudal but feudal is not always dynastic.
“Decoding Rahul Gandhi”
What is there to decode?
Has anyone heard him speaking in parliament on any serious issue?
Has anyone heard him coming up with any policy issue?
Has he ever spoken to the media?
This guy is dumb!
57/D-91 R V Subramanian >>'Dropping surnames by the educated elite is the first step towards a change in mindset! '
Educated elite Mayawati has done it successfully decades ago and has hence taken a giant step towards building a casteless society.
DC >> Perhaps hereditary division of labor ingrained in a caste-based Hindu culture for centuries gives our dynastic leanings. Still one can cite similar examples in other countries as well.
Rightly said.. Islamic Bangladesh (and Pakistan), Atheist North Korea and countless other nations have their own dynasties. Dynasty cult is not to with casteism and everything to do with feudalism. Feudalism is universal but it was purely a accident in History that Protestant West European nations got rid of same and embraced democracy (due to various accidents in history, starting from black death to the WWars). One can boldy say that except for North America (US/Canada) and West Europe, Feudalism is widespread eveyrwhere, only thing is it is carefully hidden and suppressed through proper laws in some countries while it is not so elsewhere. In India we have a couple of states on Western And eastern India which are non feudal in that there are no political dynasties.
RV Subramanian >> The system helped the rulers, inculding the British, to rule the Heterogenoeus Spread that is Bharat/ Hindustan/ India. The age old system is more likely to keep breeding dynasties .Unless we move away from Caste, Religion and Language, Matured Democracy will continue to remain a dream!
Looks like a lame excuse to justify the existence of political dynasty(ies) in India. Let me ask just one question - How about North Korea , err the Democratic People's Republic of North Korea - they dont have hinduism, they dont have any caste system, they speak only one language and they have rooted out all religions and they are technically world's most prominent atheist (faithless) nation. And yet we find in this tiny nation , a functioning monarchy, where father dictator gets replaced by sonny dictator !! So much for the dream of Mature democracy in a caste free, religion free nation which names itself Democratic. Can someone explain that please?
The point i am trying to make here is - let us not use social ills and inherited social heritage as an excuse to justify something bad. Even USA had its own political dynasties (the Bush and Kennedys) but the difference that USA as a democracy is that their political parties do not worship the dynasties but instead have alternative political leaders as well.
Now how about India?If you observe closely, there are two states in India which do not have any significant political dynasties. These two states are opposites of each other, sit in eastern and western corners of India. These two states gave our best leaders who won us freedom from british rule but these leaders and social reformers did not leave successors who continue to profit out of family surname. And these two states are currently having its CMs as those who neither came to power on their daddy/mommy's coattails and the CMs of these two states are single and would not leave dynasties either.
And it is no surprise that these two states are the strongholds of India's two truly non dynasty oriented political parties (no guesses) and have rejected India's dynasty oriented national party election after election.
No need of clues but shows that a functioning non feudal democracy can exist even in India, despite all the limitations of caste and religion (both the two states are notorious for their religious and caste divide respectively)!!!
Now this is the kind of democracy which we expect immediately in rest of India - instead of waiting for some GODOT to deliver us from 5000 years of pre-written social structures !!
We at Outlookindia.com welcome feedback and your comments, including scathing criticism
1. Scathing, passionate, even angry critiques are welcome, but please do not indulge in abuse and invective. Our Primary concern is to keep the debate civil. We urge our users to try and express their disagreements without being disagreeable. Personal attacks are not welcome. No ad hominem please.
2. Please do not post the same message again and again in the same or different threads
3. Please keep your responses confined to the subject matter of the article you are responding to. Please note that our comments section is not a general free-for-all but for feedback to articles/blogs posted on the site
4. Our endeavour is to keep these forums unmoderated and unexpurgated. But if any of the above three conditions are violated, we reserve the right to delete any comment that we deem objectionable and also to withdraw posting privileges from the abuser. Please also note that hate-speech is punishable by law and in extreme circumstances, we may be forced to take legal action by tracing the IP addresses of the poster.
5. If someone is being abusive or personal, or generally being a troll or a flame-baiter, please do not descend to their level. The best response to such posters is to ignore them and send us a message at Mail AT outlookindia DOT com with the subject header COMPLAINT
6. Please do not copy and paste copyrighted material. If you do think that an article elsewhere has relevance to the point you wish to make, please only quote what is considered fair-use and provide a link to the article under question.
7. There is no particular outlookindia.com line on any subject. The views expressed in our opinion section are those of the author concerned and not that of all of outlookindia.com or all its authors.
8. Please also note that you are solely responsible for the comments posted by you on the site. The comments could be deleted or edited entirely at our discretion if we find them objectionable. However, the mere fact of their existence on our site does not mean that we necessarily approve of their contents. In short, the onus of responsibility for the comments remains solely with the authors thereof. Outlookindia.com or any of its group publications, may, however, retains the right to publish any of these comments, with or without editing, in any medium whatsoever. It is therefore in your own interest to be careful before posting.
9.Outlookindia.com is not responsible in any manner whatsoever for how any search engine -- such as Google, Bing etc -- caches or displays these comments. Please note that you are solely responsible for posting these comments and it is a privilege being granted to our registered users which can be withdrawn in case of abuse. To reiterate:
a. Comments once posted can only be deleted at the discretion of outlookindia.com
b. The comments reflect the views of the authors and not of outlookindia.com
c. outlookindia.com is not responsible in any manner whatsoever for the way search engines cache or display these comments
d. Please therefore take due caution before you post any comments as your words could potentially be used against you
10. We have an online thread for our comments policy:
You are welcome to post your suggestions here or in case you have a specific issue, to directly email us at Mail AT outlookindia DOT com with the subject header COMPLAINT