Film-buffs in India were in for some bad news this week when Sony Pictures announced that it wouldn’t be releasing its much-awaited The Girl With The Dragon Tattoo, David Fincher’s take on Swedish writer Stieg Larsson’s popular novel. “The Censor Board (of India) has adjudged the film unsuitable for public viewing in its unaltered form. And while we are committed to maintaining and protecting the vision of the director, we will, as always, respect the guidelines set by the board,” said the official statement. The Daniel Craig-Rooney Mara starrer, which has grossed almost $185 million worldwide, was scheduled to be released in India on February 10 and the buzz surrounding it had increased manifold after it rustled up five Oscar nominations: actress in a leading role (Mara), cinematography, editing, sound editing and sound mixing.
Sony’s decision has not just disappointed viewers, it has also shocked the Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC). “We are disturbed at the bad press it has generated, especially internationally. If they were unhappy with the decision, they should have brought it to the notice of the senior officers. We did not hear from Sony Pictures, nothing was brought to our notice, till we read about it in the papers,” says CBFC CEO Pankaja Thakur.
On the face of it, Sony’s stand for creative liberty and freedom of expression is understandable. Censor cuts have played havoc with some foreign films in India, like Darren Aronofsky’s Black Swan and Alejandro Gonzalez Inarritu’s Biutiful. “It’s a common practice faced by every studio, full frontal nudity isn’t permitted, the sex scenes are snipped or pixellated,” says a studio representative.
The CBFC’s proposed cuts for Dragon Tattoo include two graphic lovemaking scenes between journalist Mikael Blomkvist (Craig) and computer hacker Lisbeth Salander (Mara), a lesbian sex scene between Lisbeth and a barfly, a rape sequence and a scene in which she tortures her rapist, with a video of her being assaulted playing in the background.
But there are curious turns in this script. Thakur says the film was issued an “A” certificate, with cuts, as far back as December 19, 2011. So what took Sony so long to arrive at the decision? And if they had decided on not releasing the film then, why did they not announce it earlier? In fact, Sony is reported to have held a preview of the film’s uncensored, uncut version for journalists in Mumbai in mid-December last year and was originally planning to release it in January.
Another issue irking the CBFC is that Dragon Tattoo had faced similar censorship problems in Malaysia and the Gulf countries. Japan rejected the original film too and okayed a revised version with pixellated scenes. “If they have accepted that in Japan, then why take such a stand in India?” asks Thakur.
All this comes as a blow at a time when the CBFC has been trying to take a step forward towards becoming less restrictive. Last year saw a clutch of mainstream Hindi films given “A” certificates without cuts. A long, gay kiss was allowed in I Am and Delhi Belly got away with foul language and references to oral sex. Anand Patwardhan’s documentary on contentious caste politics, Jai Bhim Comrade, is said to have been given a “U” certificate recently. But the CBFC needs to go a lot further, especially now when avenues for screening are available online. Dragon Tattoo, for instance, has already been downloaded illegally and seen by countless cine-buffs. Recently, Ashvin Kumar bypassed the censors and released his new documentary, Inshallah Kashmir, for a day on January 26 on streaming sites Youtube and Vimeo. Free of charge.
What would go a long way is a sound rating scheme rather than censoring or bans. The CBFC has three broad categories at present: U, A and U/A. A system with four categories—U, 12+, 15+ and A—is proposed. They are hoping to table a bill during the next Parliament session for incorporation in the Cinematograph Act of 1952. But X-rated movies will still be a no-no. “Unlike foreign countries, law enforcement is very poor in India. You can’t ensure that an adult film will not be seen by kids,” says Thakur. Whether Dragon Tattoo eventually releases in India or not, it has once again stoked the censorship debate.
Apropos Cut! Dragons Be Here (Feb 13) on the fate of The Girl with a Dragon Tattoo, did Pankaja Thakur watch Murder 2 and pass it for adult viewing? Did she give Agneepath U/A certification? Has she heard of the internet?
Thank you to all those who have taken the trouble to read the article and share their thoughts. Out of the arguments made here, there are two that perhaps need answering. So here they go.
1. The first part of the article compares outcomes (relative percentages of population of the religions concerned) irrespective of the process that led to those outcomes - whether immigration, relatively faster population growth or conversions. This was for two reasons. One, to put the figure of 2.3 per cent in "numerical perspective", as the article itself explained. The second reason was that outcomes are ultimately what the crux of debate is about. The rest of the article in any case dealt with process - or conversions in this case, from both a contemporary and historical perspective.
2. Some commenters have tried to cast doubts on the reliability of Census 2001. Those who do this should bear in mind that Census 2001 was conducted by a BJP government. Considering the extreme importance that BJP gives to this issue, it would be reasonable to expect that IF it had perceived a problem with the methodology that was distorting the numbers, it would have fixed it. As the article mentioned, BJP or BJP-supported governments have been in power for 10 of the last 40 years, or about a quarter of the time, and the only reasonable conclusion one can arrive at is that any misreporting of numbers, real or perceived, would be marginal and hence, not of importance.
To all other arguments made, my answer is the following: Please read the article again, with particular focus on the quotations of Vivekananda and Monier Williams, and the history of the missionary efforts in Bengal and their outcome.
Censorship only fuels the flourishing black market of films.The censor board scissors the films in a non objective way.Certification policy needs a revamp.
Namrata, has Ms. Thakur watched Murder 2 and passed it for Adult viewing? And did she give Agneepath a U/A certification? Has she heard of the internet?
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