This riveting book reminds me of the best of western journalism, which in its heyday produced works of contemporary history, for it unravels every complex detail of a tragic and misunderstood story. The ability of journalism to produce works like these is something I had forgotten in the cacophony of sound bites and unsubstantiated opinion that characterises our reporting of Jammu and Kashmir.
Beautifully written, The Meadow deals with the kidnapping and murders of a group of foreign tourists, American, British and Norwegian, by the Al Faran militants in 1994. Their families’ painful search for them lasted for an inordinately long seven years, and was given up in 2000-01; their quest for the truth, you could say, never really ended. The Meadow is a tribute to that ordeal.
As we all know, the Kashmir insurgency began with the kidnap of then home minister Mufti Mohammed Sayeed’s daughter in 1990, who was released in exchange for the release of five militants. Whether this experience emboldened militant groups is a moot point, but several kidnappings of foreign tourists followed. The reason for Al Faran’s taking six foreign tourists hostage, The Meadow says, was to secure the release of Masood Azhar from the custody of Indian security forces. They failed in this endeavour but Pakistani militants finally succeeded in 1999, when Azhar was released by the BJP-led NDA government, in return for a plane full of Indians hijacked by Pakistani militants to Kandahar.
The chapters on Azhar and Kashmiri militants are a valuable addition to the current literature. Indeed, the book is unsparingly illuminating in its descriptions of the narcissistic and sub-human motivations of Azhar—who gained the title of emir by lying about how he acquired a bullet in his leg—and his father, as well as of the ISI (in the person of the risibly named Brigadier Badam).
Nevertheless, their point is well taken, that politics intrudes too often in cases such as these, where the sole concern should be rescue. A point they do not make themselves, but which most Indians will manage to take from the book, is that we are not honest, either with ourselves or with our people, about what is within our power and what is not. It is no secret that rescue operations are often botched up by the inability of agencies to work in tandem, not only in our country but in far more developed ones, but our officials often have a tendency to huff, puff and take offence when a simple confession of difficulties and obstacles would be more acceptable.
Levy and Scott-Clark are more understanding of the dilemmas that led Kashmiri militants to propaganda and deceit, for reasons that I find easy to accept. Young lads driven by what they conceive to be a greater cause are unlikely to see the evils of seemingly small deceits or to anticipate the havoc these can wreak upon a hapless society. Instead, they leave the reader to deduce the connection—through their descriptions of the painful silences that the victims’ families encounter in their search for the trail of their relatives as the kidnappers moved them from place to place.
The only people to emerge untainted in the story are the victims’ families, whose search is the narrative on which the other accounts in the book are pegged. That is as it should be. As an Indian, I am truly sorry for the needless pain they had to suffer in their search; surely, this could have been avoided.
(Radha Kumar, a former interlocutor on Kashmir, is a trustee of the Delhi Policy Group)
Thank you to all those who have taken the trouble to read the article and share their thoughts. Out of the arguments made here, there are two that perhaps need answering. So here they go.
1. The first part of the article compares outcomes (relative percentages of population of the religions concerned) irrespective of the process that led to those outcomes - whether immigration, relatively faster population growth or conversions. This was for two reasons. One, to put the figure of 2.3 per cent in "numerical perspective", as the article itself explained. The second reason was that outcomes are ultimately what the crux of debate is about. The rest of the article in any case dealt with process - or conversions in this case, from both a contemporary and historical perspective.
2. Some commenters have tried to cast doubts on the reliability of Census 2001. Those who do this should bear in mind that Census 2001 was conducted by a BJP government. Considering the extreme importance that BJP gives to this issue, it would be reasonable to expect that IF it had perceived a problem with the methodology that was distorting the numbers, it would have fixed it. As the article mentioned, BJP or BJP-supported governments have been in power for 10 of the last 40 years, or about a quarter of the time, and the only reasonable conclusion one can arrive at is that any misreporting of numbers, real or perceived, would be marginal and hence, not of importance.
To all other arguments made, my answer is the following: Please read the article again, with particular focus on the quotations of Vivekananda and Monier Williams, and the history of the missionary efforts in Bengal and their outcome.
"...Levy and Scott-Clark are more understanding of the dilemmas that led Kashmiri militants to propaganda and deceit, for reasons that I find easy to accept."
I have no doubt that you found it easy to accept but may I remind you that these innocent tourists were murdered in cold blood by Kashimi "militants" (or "terrorists" as we unsophisticated peasants call them). Kidnapping and murder are neither propaganda nor deceit - they are crimes against humanity, "sanctified" in the minds of these terrorists because they are on a jihad and the victims were kaffirs.
We saw the same behavior in Mumbai - in the Taj and Oberoi hotels, the terrorists allowed Muslims to escape but hunted down and killed non-Muslims. From the intercepts of the calls between the terrorists and their Pakistani handlers on 26/11:
"..Wasi: 'The manner of your death will instill fear in the unbelievers. This is a battle between Islam and the unbelievers. Keep looking for a place to die. Keep moving.'
Wasi: 'You're very close to heaven now. One way or another we've all got to go there. You will be remembered for what you've done here. Fight till the end. Stretch it out as long as possible.'...
Wasi: 'How are you my brother?'
Fahadullah (sounds weak): 'Praise God. Brother Abdul Rehman has passed away.
Wasi: 'Really? Is he near you?'
Fahadullah: 'Yeah, he's near me.
Wasi: 'May God accept his martyrdom.'"
This is the reality of jihadist mass murder, mutilation and ethnic cleansing that Radha Kumar wants to bury under her blizzard of propaganda and deceit. The fact that this person was a interlocuter on Kashmir tells you everything you need to know about the bankruptcy of the Indian government and our sickular elites.
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