The Ugly Truths
Signs of Hope
Goa has long been a byword for the ‘getaway’, the chance to rest, release, revel and recharge. On my fourth visit, it also turns out to be about serendipity. Like discovering the intoxicating Guava Mary—which puts its inspiration, the Bloody Mary, to shame. Or walking past the Church of Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception, towards Panjim’s Fontainhas area, and chancing upon a charming cafe with the best red velvet cupcakes in the country. And Goa has always been about meeting total strangers. Doris Coreia, the cafe’s manager, with a warm, welcoming smile and hot cappuccino, and nary a provocation, reveals all about her changing homestate. “Calangute used to be this vast and empty stretch where my father took us for Sunday outings,” she recalls, “Now it’s difficult to find even an inch of space to sit and watch the sunset.” She hasn’t been to the popular north Goa beach in years and, with the New Year peak season round the corner, offers without prompt: “Don’t go near it in December.”
Rohit Chawla, a Delhi-based photographer who has made Goa his second home, muses on similar lines. He got married and had his honeymoon here. “It used to be a long, pleasant walk from Sinquerim all the way to Calangute. Now, Candolim and Calangute have become trashbins,” he says. Come December 20, he intends to disappear from Goa and return only in the second week of January. “End of the year, it turns into Kumbh Mela. It’s a nightmare,” he says. That’s an assertion that artist and curator Apurva Kulkarni, who has lived in the state for almost 44 years, backs up. “There’s too much forced cheer about. It’s the worst time to be in Goa.” He hasn’t stirred out of the house on New Year’s Eve for a decade now. “Everybody comes here on holiday, but we certainly are not on a holiday in Goa,” he says.
“Undoubtedly Goa has changed. But in the modern world, which place has not? If one expects to find the Goa of two decades ago, then one should also expect to not have telephones, electricity and tarred roads because many villages didn’t have these facilities,” argues fashion designer Wendell Rodricks. While Goans offer a myriad conflicting opinions about the state’s inexorable transformation, one thing is unanimously agreed upon: the cuisine. “The only thing that still remains unchanged about Goa is the fabulous sea food. Try the squids at Viva Panjim,” Coreia says.
Photograph by Svetlana Naudiyal
Seen in the cold light of statistics, Goa at the end of the year shines. The year-end flights are already packed, airfares have doubled. “Hotels have increased their tariffs by nearly 25 per cent over the last year,” says Sabina Chopra of yatra.com. “In the eight days towards the end of the year, the tourist population in Goa will equal that of the locals,” says Miguel Braganza, botanist and activist with Goa Bachao Abhiyan. But is there adequate infrastructure in place to tackle the immense inflow? And its consequent problems: traffic, pollution, drugs, petty crimes, trafficking, prostitution? Documentary filmmaker Rakesh Sharma feels safer in Goa than in any other place. “But we cannot spend the night in a chatai in Calangute anymore. We used to. It’s not as carefree anymore,” he says.
It all boils down to Goa’s carrying capacity. “Should we institute a policy, like Bhutan, to limit the number of tourists entertained? Should we have an entry tax?” wonders Braganza. Evidently, tourism, the backbone of Goan economy, has been leaving a trail of problems as well. “It’s a double-edged sword, providing a livelihood to so many people yet proving ecologically detrimental,” says Kulkarni. The worst affected are the 34 beaches along the 105-km-long coastal stretch. “The coastal areas have changed from virtual wilderness in the ’70s to haphazardly developed structures,” the tiss report highlights. A stroll down Calangute beach is enough to bear that out. The shop-lined stretch to the beach feels like the dirty, grimy lane leading up to Dashashwamedh Ghat in Varanasi, another city in India bearing the burden of tourism. In front is the rolling sea, around you drunk lumpens. Just behind the many beach shacks lies a huge ugly dump of plastic and waste. The lack of garbage management continues to be an eternal woe. “There are no designated places to throw garbage,” says Sujith Dongre of the CEE. “I have to drive out 5-6 km to physically dispose of it,” says Chawla, who lives in the small village of Assagao. “Every road has garbage strewn all over. We never understood the enormity of the problem,” says property consultant and event manager Cecil Pinto. “How can you even have a tourist industry without a garbage disposal system in place?” a local asks.
Cowed Strays rest alongside tourists at Anjuna beach. (Photograph by AFP, From Outlook 24 December 2012)
And tourism has only been thriving. It started with the march of the hippies in the ’70s. “There
was no electricity in Calangute then; it was brought in to cater to the hippies. The last bus to Mapusa used to be at 4.30 pm and only those who had their own vehicles could manage to catch the sunset there,” Braganza says. Goa tourism was granted industry status only as recently as 2000. Since then, the number of tourists has exploded. “Nearly 40-plus charter flights from 22 countries land every week in Goa. Besides, the domestic market is increasing by 20 per cent annually,” says Chopra. And the “season” has begun to stretch beyond November-January. The once “happening” north has been exploited to the core and more discerning tourists are now heading towards south Goa. But in the south too, Colva and Palolem have started to get alarmingly crowded.
As always, there’s another side to the story. “The tourism and real estate boom has changed Goa irreversibly. The average Goan has become more worldly,” says Wendell Rodricks, even as he points out that while “there is the drug, sex, rave beach strip Goa”, “the unchanged Goa resides in many villages and there is the spiritual Goa of temples and churches”. Assagao-based designer Anjilla Puri thinks there is a Goa beyond the touristy beaches that needs to be discovered. “There are these lovely, little villages with beautiful houses and decent, civilised society,” she says.
Goa chief minister Manohar Parrikar is hard at work to keep it that way. Many Goans believe he has the political will and ability to ring in a sustainable tourism, involving locals, tourists, communities, NGOs as well as the government. What’s most heartening is that beyond the commerce of tourism, cultural activities are on the upswing, be it the film fest, litfest, fashion shows or the Sunburn dance music fest. “Visibility for the arts and artistes is getting enhanced, spaces are opening up, little galleries are dotting Goa,” says Kulkarni. Also, artistes and intellectuals are setting up base in Goa. “They have infused sleepy villages and cultural evenings with their sparkling presence,” says Rodricks.
Despite the upheavals, Goa remains for those like Rohit Chawla “the last haven”. “There’s no place in India even halfway as liveable,” he says. The question is how long it will stay that way.
Thank you to all those who have taken the trouble to read the article and share their thoughts. Out of the arguments made here, there are two that perhaps need answering. So here they go.
1. The first part of the article compares outcomes (relative percentages of population of the religions concerned) irrespective of the process that led to those outcomes - whether immigration, relatively faster population growth or conversions. This was for two reasons. One, to put the figure of 2.3 per cent in "numerical perspective", as the article itself explained. The second reason was that outcomes are ultimately what the crux of debate is about. The rest of the article in any case dealt with process - or conversions in this case, from both a contemporary and historical perspective.
2. Some commenters have tried to cast doubts on the reliability of Census 2001. Those who do this should bear in mind that Census 2001 was conducted by a BJP government. Considering the extreme importance that BJP gives to this issue, it would be reasonable to expect that IF it had perceived a problem with the methodology that was distorting the numbers, it would have fixed it. As the article mentioned, BJP or BJP-supported governments have been in power for 10 of the last 40 years, or about a quarter of the time, and the only reasonable conclusion one can arrive at is that any misreporting of numbers, real or perceived, would be marginal and hence, not of importance.
To all other arguments made, my answer is the following: Please read the article again, with particular focus on the quotations of Vivekananda and Monier Williams, and the history of the missionary efforts in Bengal and their outcome.
So what's new. The situation being described is true for all of desh - humans out striping everything. In any case I find Goa too over-rated - for the price there are plenty of other options around the world (may be not for the Russians).
This is the another fiasco of short sighted & destructive policies of Goan unqualified and uneducated section turned politicians. If Tourismm is banned, then the uneducated voters of these politicians who make a majority will cry hoarse that they are stripped of their business and are starving; just like in the mining Industry. Goa needs a Statesman who is a Dictator.
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